Riassunto esame Cultura inglese, prof. Loodbrook, libro consigliato English for the arts, Frederika
WOMAN HOLDING A BALANCE BY JOHANN VERMEER
Vermeer’s painting Woman holding a balance describes the subject in her domestic task, which
portrays a woman weighing her jewelers such as a gold chain and a pearl necklace. The woman,
who is standing in her room, is dressed in a blue jacket that recalls images of the Virgin Mary. The
way she is dressed reflects the period of 1660s. Her gaze shows that she is very serene and it
gives the painting a relaxing atmosphere, emphasized by the light that gently flows from the
window. The balance point is right in the centre of the painting. We can find different meaning
within the scene, such as the mirror and the pearls which symbolize vanity and self-knowledge.
Vermeer’s technique was to use a dark room to indicate different tones of light and a camera
obscura to achieve optical effects. In this painting we can see his sensitivity to the colors.
PERSPECTIVE IN HIGH MEDIEVAL PAINTING PRACTICE
In the eleventh century arts pay more attention to the biblical stories, which are now represented in
specific parts of churches around the world. Each image symbolizes various periods in the biblical
stories from the beginning to the end. Proto-perspectival elements help to separate and identify
different scenes, as we can see in Duccio’s Maestà, where we can find three scenes that represent
Christ and his apostles. The sequence starts in the bottom left hand side and finishes to the far
right. Giotto used the same technique in Padova for some of his works, as Piero della Francesca
did. Many images develop a sequence, which tells a story; this helps the painting flow. It also
reduces the size of the individual painting, focusing more on Christ and Mary and making the more
important figures stand out. The main focus is always upon Christ, as it is the one thing that
people, professing the same religion, have in common. Thus church’s tends to use key-images that
people can recognize more easily.
Roger Bacon invented the camera obscura, which was a dark box or room with a tiny hole in one
end. The same principles had been used by other thinkers in the early years, such as Aristotle. The
hole where the light was coming from had to be small to view the image clearly, so one could copy
the image by placing a piece of paper and tracing it back. This method was described by Giovanni
Battista della Porta in one of his accounts. This new form was not seen in a good way by the public
opinion, because they thought it was some kind of black magic. However many other artists used
this technique, such as Canaletto, Reynolds and Vermeer. In the same period lens were invented
and associated to the hole of the camera obscura. The meaning of lens came from the Latin lentils.
Different types of camera were invented, the first ones were very big until portable ones were
made, so that its use became a popular aid of sketching.
THE LOST LANGUAGE OF THE ROSETTA STONE
The Rosetta stone was found by Napoleon’s troupes in Egypt, while they were breaking down a
wall. The stone had three different forms of script: Egyptian hieroglyphics, demotic and ancient
Greek. Lots of scholars came together to translate the meaning of the stone. The first progress
was made by Johann David Akerblad, as he managed to translate some of the Coptic parts, a
language used in the 4 century by the Egyptian church. Thomas Young, later on, made more
+1 anno fa
Riassunto per l'esame di Cultura inglese, basato su rielaborazione di appunti personali e studio del libro adottato dal docente Ludbrook, English for the arts, Frederika. Il testo rivolto soprattutto agli studenti universitari italiani a livello pre-intermedio/intermedio che desiderano migliorare le loro competenze linguistiche attraverso lo studio di una variet di testi autentici tratti da libri, giornali, riviste, periodici e conferenze. Questi testi coprono vari campi specifici come archeologia, arte, fotografia, cinema, musica, teatro, conservazione e museografia.
I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher giulia.canella di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Cultura inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Ca' Foscari Venezia - Unive o del prof Loodbrook Geraldine.
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