She embodied the modernist experimental spirit and, after Joyce, she is considered the other great introspective novelist. In fact, she shifted the focus of the novels from plot and actions to thoughts, memory and feelings.
As she claimed in her lecture “Mr Bennet and Mrs Brown”, delivered in 1924, the basis for good fiction lays in the characters themselves. Since the human beings are not only what they do (actions, dialogues) but above all what they are (feelings, thoughts, memories), the novel had to turn inwards and explore man’s mind and inner world.
Thus, what became important for the writer were what she called the “moments of being”, which are the moments of greatest intensity that strike our minds everyday and that give us the possibility to understand reality beyond its surface.
In order to be a faithful analysis of human life, a novel should reflects everything: the other facts but, more importantly, the inner world of the characters, because life is all these things together.
Describing her characters’ thoughts, she needed to shift back and forth from past, present and future. In order to do so she used two techniques:
- time montage: the subjext remain fixed in space and its consciousness moves in time, underlying the difference between inner and outer time (sarebbe tipo Bergson)
- space montage: time remains fixed and the space around the subject changes
She was brilliant in finding an almost perfect balance between her characters’ inner speculations and the realism of the situations she described.
Also, to describe the inner life of her characters, Woolf used different literary devices that allowed her to immerse the reader directly into the character’s mind. She used first of all the interior monologue, in which she lets the character speak directly and spontaneously to themselves. Another technique she used was the indirect interior monologue, where the characters’ thoughts are narrated in the third person, past narrative.
She was also brilliant in moving between one stream of consciousness to another. This gave her the opportunity to describe different reactions to the same event and also give the reader different points of view.
Differently from Joyce, she never let her characters’ thoughts flow without her control. Moreover, there thoughts are still logically ordered and grammatically organized.