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SHELLEY (1792-1822)


He was born in 1792 from a noble family.
He was fascinated by classicism and science.
H e entered in the university of Oxford.
In 1811 he wrote a pamphlet: “the necessity of atheism” (he was an atheist) he was expulsed because England was protestant so he didn’t recognized the king.
He married in Scotland a simply girl: they had two children, one died and the other one was given to Shelley’s father because of his morality (Shelley wasn’t responsible).
The marriage failed.
Shelley married the daughter of the philosopher William Godwin.
Shelley suffered for a great event: he was shocked because his first wife after death of their child and after his second marriage committed suicide.
He met the philosopher Godwin (anarchist). He went to Italy: he was compelled to left England for good.
He had a friendship with Byron. Shelley died in Italy and he was cremated by Byron on the beach and he was buried in the protestant church in Rome.

Poetry and conception
First he was atheist, then he had a pantheistic vision of nature: he believed that the force of universe is love.
Everyone is part of universe, of nature. He was an atheist so he was against the authority. He supported freedom (everymen should be free, individuality.
He hated slavery, to obligate someone.
On the contrary of Byron he was optimistic, he hoped in a rewel of society.
He had a different conception of nature from Wordsworth: he was passionate and immediate.
In Shelley opinion nature was the favourite refuge from the disappointment and injustice.
He thinks that the poet has a prophetic role, he had to show the continuity between life and death and to announce a spiritual moral rebirth of mankind.
The nature isn’t something which belong to God, but something which is made by the love of men.
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