George Gordon Byron was born in London on 22th January 1788, from an aristocratic family. Byron suffered a lot because of his parents: his father usually spends too much money and his mother was a very moody person. When he was 20, he inherited the family's title from his uncle; thanks to it, he gained an exalted social position.
One of his first works is "Hours of Idleness". He travelled a lot all over the Europe.
In 1812 he published the first two cantos of Young Harold’s pilgrimage, which made him famous.
He introduce into the English literature the figure of Romantic artist. New poetic forms were the narratives, descriptions, reflections and personal confessions. Mainly linkings were with history, mythology, art, nature, reflection on human destiny.
He got married but his marriage failed soon because of his love affair with his half-sister Augusta (one of daughters of his father).
The aristocracy refused him and he was compelled to left England for good. He moved to Italy where he met Shelley. Here he finished Young Harold’s Pilgrimage. He took part in carbonary movements.
He stayed in Italy for a long time and Italian poets affected him.
Then he left Italy and moved to Greece where he helped the Greece during the fight for the Independence.
Byron is a poet of the second generation:
- the Byronic man is a rebel, is the man who, despite the order of the society, didn’t care the conventions.
- Byron believed in individual liberty and other men must be free, too.
- He helped people to fight against the oppressors.
Instead, Byron wrote immediately and didn’t find any solace in the Nature.
He was the only one who found each good and bad sides in the Nature.
In the last part of his life he discovered a satirist vein.