Pound (1885-1972) is one of the most colourful and controverisal figures in modern literature. Born in Idaho, USA, he studied at Hamilton College at the State University of Pennsylvania before making his way to Europe. In 1908 he published his first book of poems “A Lume Spento”, in Venice. And he went to England in the same year. Until 1920 Pound lived in London, actively involved not only in writing his own verse and prose, but also editing, criticizing, publishing, and encouraging the work of others in the literary and artistic avant-garde of the time. “Make it new” was Pound's slogan, and perhaps he, more than any other single man, was responsible for the emergence of an authentically modernist literature in England at this time.
From his association with T. E. Hulme and others around 1910, and their interest in Japanese poetry, came the poetic style known as Imaginism. In 1912-1913 Pound acted as a kind of secretary to W. B Yeats. Joyce owed a great ideal to Pound for moral and financial support. But Pound's most important literary friendship was with Eliot, whom he met in 1915. Pound immediately perceived Eliot's great gift and worked tirelessly to get them generally recognized. As is well to known, he significantly contributed to the form of “The Waste Land” (1922) by recommending drastic cuts in Eliot's original version. During this period Pound was also writing publishing poetry of his own, much of it translation or imitation of poetry in various languages --Chinese, Provencal, Anglo-Saxon and several others- in which Pound was not always competent by any normal linguistic criteria. Probably his most successful volume of this period was Hugh Selwyn Mauberley (1920). In the following year, Pound moved to Paris; and in 1925he settled the Italian resort of Rapallo.