George Orwell (his real name was Eric Blair) was born in India in 1903 where his father became an official in the civil service. In 1904 he was taken in England to be educated. Orwell hated tyranny, repression and totalitarism and he was unsatisfied of his social class so he lived in the slums of Paris and London. We can see all of this in some novels such as “Keep the Aspidistra Flying” (1936) and “The road to Wigan Pier” (1937). In this period he decided to publish his works with the name of George Orwell: “George” because it is a common English name and “Orwell” because it was the name of a river. He did the Spanish Civil War and joined the United Marxist Party. In 1938 he published “Homage to Catalonia” where he recalled the experience of the Spanish War, of his true conversion to socialism and the ideals of brotherhood. His most important works are “Animal Farm” (1945) and “Nineteen eighty four” (1949). Orwell died of tuberculosis in 1950.
“Animal Farm” is a satirical fable published in 1945 in which the animals, the protagonists of the novel, are used as symbol for real historical characters. All the animals on an English farm decide to rebel against the farmer by taking complete control of the farm. The pigs are shown by Orwell more intelligent and organised than the other animals, so they gradually increase their control and begin to take over. At the end of the story the pigs, in their behaviour and dress, are equal to men and seven principles that were the basis of their “society” on animal farm are cancelled and reduced to only one: “All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others”. George Orwell referred to Russian Revolution and criticize the corruption of the leaders. For example Snowball can be seen as Trotsky and Napoleon ad Stalin. He also dreams a society where justice will be done without oppression.