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Great expectations by Charles Dickens - Analysis, commentary and story line

“Great expectations” was published by Charles Dickens between 1860 and 1861.
The protagonist of the novel is Pip, an orphan who lives with his older sister and her husband.
Pip is a Dickensian anti-hero: he is always deceived and manipulated by other people.
Pip is an only child and abused by his irascible sister, the only person in whom he should trust.
The novel cannot be called a "Bildungsroman" because Pip has not an appropriate and effective growth, he is limited to exist and to bear: he thinks but without consciousness.
The only character that can be described as "positive" in some ways is Joe, Pip's sister's husband. He is the opposite of the aggressive Pip's sister: in fact, he is good and a weak man, who loves Pip and feels empathy for him but he is not able to defend him.

“The great expectations” to which it refers the title of the novel are the expectations of Pip against Joe, the only person for whom the child is able to feel trust and love. However, the great expectations of Pip then reveal as illusions, because they are based on his sad remorse.
At some point, however, the story has a great change: Pip is freed from that existence of the noble tragic Miss Havisham. Some years later it happens a new change in Pip's life: he receives a legacy that will allow him to study in London.
All they change towards the child after he inherited the great fortune (we can therefore be no indication of the theme, dear to Dickens, the manipulator power of the god-money, which makes the hypocritical and opportunistic people).
The novel is characterized by a continuous contrast between certainty and illusion; lies and truth, genuine love and opportunistic one.

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