In England the sonnet form arrived with Sir Thomas Wyatt in the 16th century.
Wyatt's sonnet form wasw followed by that of Sir Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser and William Shakespeare, who was a great sonneteer.
Shakespeare wrote about 154 sonnets.
The Shakespeare sonnet consists of fourteen lines, of iambic pantametre, three quartains and a rhyming coumplet which concludes the poem.
Generally then sonnet has a rhime scheme; it speacks in each quatrain of different aspects of the main theme, which is resolved in the finjal couplet.
The aim of English poetry was to give importance to the English language.
English poets were aware of creating a new language and looked to the Italian sonnet as an example of a simple poetic form.
The Catholic belief in the weakness or physical love had been replaced by the Protestant belief that there is a divine blessing in love.
Shakespeare, Donne and later the Metaphysicals, presented and discussed the divine nature of Love.
The sonnets in Amoretti, Spenser's most famous sonnet collection, deal with the conventional themes of the coldness and cruelity of the beloved ladye of the poet in opposition to the great love of the poet.
Spenser's sonnet has as rhime scheme.