-The Medieval Ballad-
Ballad is a form of narrative poetry, which was sung.
The Ballads usually tells a dramatic story, as a series of rapid flashes; they consisted of a mixture of dialogue and narration. Ballads were impersonal, since ballad narrators do not speak in the first person.
Those Ballads tented to be characterized by repetitive textual structures; a traditional Ballad consisted of a Stanza, composed by four lines or couplets.
Their language was simple, in fact there were some formulaic phrases and in a Ballad there wasn’t a moral aim.
The Ballad’s characters consisted of speaking animals, fairies witches and ghosts, but there were also normal people.
The themes of a Ballad were various: there could be a supernatural theme, a love or war theme and also a theme about family tragedies.
One of the most popular ballads is “Lord Randal”.
-The Medieval Narrative Poem-
A Narrative Poem is a form of poetry, which tells a story in verse and contains a big variety of narrative elements, like a setting (in time and place), the description of characters and the use of a narrator.
The Medieval Narrative Poem was composed by different genres, like parables, fables and romances.
This Medieval Narrative Poem showed the moral views of the time and the changing social structure.
Their characters were usually described according to their lifestyle, their psychology and their experiences.
The Medieval Poem wasn’t linked to a religious outlook, but to a lay one.
One of the best examples of a narrative poem in the Middle Ages is ‘Canterbury Tales’, written by Geoffrey Chaucer; this poem is quite long and it have a general prologue, where were presented all the characters with a story for each of them.