Video appunto: Cede and Capitulate
To cede is to give control of something to another person or group. Land can be ceded to the government, or a position can be ceded to a person.
The French ceded control of the Louisiana territory to the U.S. government in 1803; the Louisiana Purchase gave the United States land stretching from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains.
The old king was barely able to sit up in bed, and his thinking had become muddled, but still he was not willing to cede the throne to his son.
To supercede (or supersede—either spelling can be used) means to take the place of someone or something. Usually it is someone or something younger or newer taking the place of someone or something older.
This atlas supersedes last year's edition; with all the changes in the political world, it's important to have an up-to-date and accurate atlas.
The older athletes on the team are being superseded by the younger ones. It's only a matter of time until the majority of the team is under 25 years old.
To capitulate means to stop fighting an opponent, to admit that you have been defeated. For example, if soldiers capitulate to their enemies, they surrender.
Although they were trapped in the fort with almost no food and very little water left, the soldiers refused to capitulate to the enemy forces.
Driven off their land and hunted down like animals, the American Indians, after fighting for their freedom for decades, finally capitulated.
Capitulate is also used to express the idea of agreeing to accept something that you have been resisting, to give in.
Responding to the pleas of her excited children, Veronica capitulated and let them take a swim in the river, though at first she'd said that she really did not want them to get wet.
Rudy wanted to study overseas, but his parents asked him to stay near home, as they needed his help in the family business. He capitulated, but planned a long trip once his schooling was finished.