The American Civil War started in 1861, when seven southern states met in Alabama, formed the confederate States of America, electing Jefferson Davis as president. The war started for economic reason, as the north was industrial and the south had an economy based on agriculture. Slavery was just a pretext, even if A. Lincoln didn't approve it. The southern States needed slaves to work in the cotton fields and southern people believed black people were inferior to with. The north won. The war and slavery was abolished in 1865 by the 13TH amendment. We must remember that the state of Mississippi ratified this amendment in 1995. When black people were free their problems didn't disappear because secret societies like the KKK intimidated Black people. In the 1950s many movements for civil rights were born.