From the death of Chancer in 1400 to the succession of Henry VII in 1481, England witnessed nearly a century of immense and radical changes, the most important of which were the succession of the Tutor Royal line and the end of the Hundred Years War.
The historical period can be seen as a moment of passage from an ancient feudal civilization to the beginnings of a modern nation.
The end of the Hundred Years War and the terrible plague epidemics that had swept Europe throughout the Medieval period heralded the beginnings of a new age that was to find its fullest cultural and artistic expression in the English Renaissance of the Elizabeth an period
By the 25th century England was one of the few European countries that enjoyed internal peace, and as a result of its internal stability, it attempted to expand into a European Empire by repeatedly attacking France.
Armed with the long bow, and organised by warrior kings like Henry Van, who led England to victory at Agincourt in 1415, the English soldier fought for a King and a Country and had a sense of nationhood that the French feudal system of independent baronial armies did not share.
English soldiers proved to be stronger than the French, largely because of their use of more modern tactics, and arrived as far as the Loire-Atlantique valley in 1415