Columbus Day is on the second Monday of October.
Who was Christopher Columbus?
Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in Genoa. Many people at this time thought the world was flat, but others, Columbus included, believed that the world was round. Columbus wanted to test this idea.
He had the idea of going to India, China and Japan by sailing west, and he explained his idea to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. They gave him three ships: the Niňa, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. He left Spain with ninety man, on 3 August 1492 Columbus navigated with a magnetic compass.
He arrived at the island of San Salvador in the Bahamas on 12 October 1492. Columbus claimed these new lands for Spain.
Columbus’s voyage changed the future of navigation, and the world.People in Europe called the news lands the "New world”.
After Columbus, Spain, Portugal and England established colonies there.
Celebrating Columbus Day
The first celebration of Columbus Day was on 12 october 1792, in New York City, three hundred years after Columbus’s voyage. Many streets, schools, and universities all over the world are called “Columbus”.
Today many Americans celebrate Columbus Day with colorful parades. There is also sometimes a kind of “Miss Columbus” called a Columbus Day Queen.
Sometimes there are protests by groups of native Americans on Columbus Day.