The Celts were tribes of warriors from Northern Europe. They gradually settled in Britain between about 500 and 100 BC. They built hill forts that consisted of a small ditch and bank surrounding a hilltop. The basic unit of the Celtic life is the clan; clans joined together with other clans to form tribes, each with its own social structure and customs. Celts lived in huts made of timber with thatched roofs. They practised agriculture when they were not fighting in wars. Women were almost equal to men. They could choose the man they wanted to marry. The culture transmission was oral. They worshipped the natural elements like the sun, the moon and the water. The druids were politicians, doctors and religious leaders. They didn’t go to war or pay tribute.
The Roman Britain
In the years 43-46 AD Roman conquer Britain. Romans built cities with their model: they contained a regular network of streets; they were surrounded by stonewalls. The cities had a forum too, a town hall called “basilica” and public baths, opened to both sexes. The Romans built over 9600 kilometres of roads; they were very well built. Possibly the most important Roman monument in Britain is Hadrian’s Wall, a defensive fortification and customs barrier from the east coast to the west coast, between England and Scotland. The Romans found the city of London (called Londinium) in 43 AD. A bridge was built across the River Thames; this first bridge proved a convenient central point for the new roads network which soon spread out like a fan from the crossing place.
Stonehenge is a massive stone monument located on a chalky plain in north of the modern-day city of Salisbury, England. Research shows that the site has continuously evolved over a period of about 10,000 years. It was built between roughly 5,000 and 4,000 years ago and that forms just one part of a larger, and highly complex, sacred landscape. The biggest of Stonehenge’s stones were brought from Marlborough (20 miles away). Smaller stones come from several different sites in western Wales, having been transported as far as 140 miles.