Dickens is realistic because in his novel he represented the evils of the Victorian Age: the problem of the society, the life of workers and of the lower social classes, the problem of the workhouses. He describe all these problems giving very vivid descriptions of how was the real life and sometimes he described real parts of London. Despite Dickens described the events in realistic way, his description is also not objective. In fact there are description either of characters or of places are emphasized because of the constant use of figurative language (use of metaphors, similes, personifications), and of superlatives also when adjectives are extremely expressive on their own. Dickens also used the intrusive narrator that always sides up with someone.
Thomas Gradgrind was a mechanized person, with monotone attitude and appearance. He had got square coat, square legs, square shoulders, and square fingers, so he was a rigid person. Mr. Gradgrind completely believed in his philosophy of calculating: he believed that human nature could be governed by completely rational rules, and he was able to weigh and measure any small part of human nature, and tell you what it came to. He was a schoolmaster but his way to teach was founded on the knowledge from the pupils of facts not deepened and on the repetition in mechanical way of scientific definitions, there is an example of it when he asked to a young girl what a horse was, and he ridiculed her because she did not know how to describe it.
Coketown it is an imaginary town, it is the classic city that reflects the period of the Industrial Revolution. The town is represented by different colours: the brick of "unnatural red and black", "black canal", "the river that ran purple" and it is evident the atmosphere of pollution caused by the tall chimneys and machinery that work continuously "for ever and ever". The city appears monotonous not only in the colours but also in the sounds, in the noises, in the buildings ,in the streets. As in a painting, the inhabitants’ expression communicate only the monotony and sadness of life in this industrialized town. People have lost their personality: they look like robots.
Oliver Twist was an orphan born in a workhouse. He was a pious and innocent child. At the age of nine, Oliver was transferred in a badly workhouse for young orphans, where children are treated as animals, in fact they had to work and they had not much to eat. After boys threw to fate, Oliver is constricted to ask for more gruel at the end of a meal. It could not be accepted, so Mr. Bumble, the workhouse beadle, decided to offer five pounds to anyone who would take the boy away from the workhouse. Oliver escaped being apprenticed to a brutish chimney sweeper but was apprenticed to a local undertaker, Mr. Sowerberry.