Industrial and agricultural revolution
The agricultural revolution happened gradually: small lands were enclosed into larger and more efficient farms; the soil was drained to have more fertile production; animals were bread to produce more meat.
Industrial revolution happened with the rising of population. In this period canals and new roads were constructed. Coal mines were exploited and the first textile factories were being built. Textile industry started to produce cotton that was easy to wash and the cloth was cheap. First new machine were water driven. Coal, iron and steam were important to mechanize all other industry. The most important industry was still in workshop.
Country people moved to towns and became factory workers. To house the workers, small towns, called “ mushroom towns were built " .
Woman and children worked in the industry because they could be paid less and were easier to control.
The tragical condition:
Life condition were so difficult; in fact industrial cities lacked elementary public services souch sanitation, open spaces, street-cleaning. The air and the water were polluted by smoke. The houses were overcrowded