Industrial and Agricultural Revolution
At the end of the 18th century began to change the methods of farming and the manufacture of goods. This was to be so extraordinary that later would be named Revolution.
The population increase contributed to the changes that was happening. In fact country people moved to town and became factory workers. The textile industries started producing cotton that was easy to wash and cheaper than wool. The first machine were water driven, but the invention of steam engine by James Watt changed the productions. The industrialist John Wilkinson built an iron bridge, an iron ship and an iron chapel. Thanks to these changes became necessary an improve of transports, postal system and canal system.
In the second half of 18th century the nation came to be divided into two main classes: those who lived by owning and those who lived by earning. The differences between rich and poor increased. England turned into a consumer society where the wish to imitate the standards of their betters was common to all classes. People demanded luxuries such as white bread, china crockery and printed cotton. Small town, the so called mushrooms town were built to house the workers. Women and Children were highly prized by employers because they could be payed less and were easier to control. Industrial cities were in a bad condition, without water supply, sanitation, street cleaning. Englishman general might hope to live until his 40th birthday, the poor inhabitants until the 20th.