England in 1819
An old, mad, blind, despised, and dying King;
Princes, the dregs of their dull race, who flow
Through public scorn, -mud from a muddy spring;
Rulers who neither see nor feel nor know,
But leech like to their fainting country cling
Till they drop, blind in blood, without a blow.
A people starved and stabbed in th’untilled field;
An army, which liberticide and prey
Makes as a two-edged sword to all who wield;
Golden and sanguine laws which tempt and slay;
Religion Christeless, Godless –a book sealed;
A Senate, Time’s worst statute, unrepealed –
Are graves from which a glorious Phantom may
Burst, to illumine our tempestuous day.
This poem is made up of 14 lines which are split into four stanzas.
This poem is a English sonnet because it has three quatrains and a rhyming couplet. Lines have a regular length; begin with capital letters and are aligned. There is a regular punctuation and a regular rhyme scheme: ABAB- CDCD-EFEF-HH. There are some run-on-lines and some similes.
The poem can be divided into three parts:
1-The first line, where the poet introduces the king.
2- From the second line to the twelfth, where the poet
makes a list of all the negative things England is afflicted with.
3-The rhyming couplet, where there is the quality referred to the things (“Are graves”), and where there is an intimation of future revolution.
The poet represents negatively his time and his king, with many adjectives and names.