A potrait of the artist as a young man
The writings of Joyce – especially his later novels – make frequent use of interior monologue, both direct and indirect. Through this technique, the writer almost disappears and the readers find themselves directly inside a character’s mind. In A Portrait of the Artist s a Young Man, a novel which is still relatively traditional in form but which foreshadows many of the themes and verbal complexities of Ulysses, Joyce inserts a programmatic manifesto on what he sees as the role of the Modernist writer: the narrative is no longer purely personal. The personality of the artist passes into the narration itself, flowing round and round the persons and the action like a vital sea. The artist, like the God of creation, remains within or behind or beyond or above his handwork, invisible, refined out of existence.