The death of Queen Victoria and the Word War I closed the Victorian Age and determined the beginning of new conceptions.
The term “Modernism” defines a set of cultural tendencies and movements which developed at beginning of the 20th century and expressed the absence of values of that period. It involved all forms of art, from literature and music to the visual art and cinema.
Modernist artists were profoundly impacted by the First Word War that determined a break between the old and the new world, shattering the traditional beliefs and values of the Victorian Age. In fact, the Victorian idea of how society should be, collapsed and was replaced by a sense of emptiness in front of the despair of the war and the alienation of an industrial society.
Modernist novels were characterized by revolutionary styles and themes, particularly influenced by Freud’s theories and Bergson’s philosophy.
Narrative explores characters’ psychology: the use of a subjective and limited point of view expressed that all truths are relative.
Moreover, the omniscient narrator as a moral guide was replaced by characters’ inner life that is depicted through the stream of consciousness and interior monologue. Thoughts are expressed by free associations without censures, logical or rational controls.