Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;
Conspiring with him how to load and bless
With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run;
To bend with appeals the moss’d cottage-trees,
And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core,
To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells
With a sweet kernel; to set budding more,
And still more, later flowers for the bees,
Until they think warm days will never case,
For summer has o’er-brimmed their clammy cells.
Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store?
Sometimes whoever seeks abroad may find
Thee sitting careless on a granary floor,
Thy hair soft-lifted by the winning wind;
Or on a half-reap’d furrow sound asleep,
Drowsed with the fume of poppies, while thy hook
Spares the next swot and all its twined flowers:
And sometimes like a gleaner thou dost keep
Steady thy leaden head across a brook,
Or by a cyber-press with patient look,
Thou watches the last oozing hours by hours.
Where are the songs of Spring? Ay, where are they?
Think not of them thou hast thy music too,-
While barred clouds bloom the soft- dying day,
And touch the stubble-plains with rosy hue;
Then in a willful choir the small ghats mourn
Among the river sallow, borne aloft
Or sinking as the light wind lives or dies;
And full-grown lambs loud bleat from hilly burn;
Hedge-crickets sing, and now with treble soft
The red-breast whistles from a garden-croft;
And gathering swallows twitter in the skies.
This poem is made up of three stanzas. Each stanza has eleven lines. Lines have a regular length and begin with capital letters. Lines 1-3-5-9-10 are aligned; while lines 2- 4-6-7-8-11 are intended.In this poem there is a regular punctuation. There is a regular rhyme scheme: ABABCDEDEDE…
In this poem there are many run-on-lines and some similes: lines 19-29. There are also some archaisms and some anaphors. There is a personification in line 3. There are also some questions.
In the first part the poet describes the autumn. He describes the typical fruits of this period. In the second part presents the Autumn’s works: in this part there is a dynamic description because the poet deals of the people, who are in contact with the natural environment.
Finally in the third part the poet describes the movements of the animals, for example the red-breast that whistles or the swallows that twitter in the skies.