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In the literature of the Restoration it was very important the use of the reason. In fact in prose of this period it was easy bump to philosophical and scientific theories, as in works of Thomas Sprat, written with common language of artisans, countrymen or merchants. Regarding philosophy, the most important figures were Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
The first had a pessimistic view about the human condition and maintained that people should be governed by a single sovereign. While, the second, had an optimistic vision of the human nature and believed that the reason was the dominant faculty of man and that the knowledge derived from experience. For this reason he is considered the forerunner of the English empiricism.
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