Monastery - the formation of a young man
Becoming a monk in the Middle Ages could be the result of a personal choice made by an adult or the decision of a family that left his son as a child in the hands of the abbot. So in monasteries lived many novices, children and teens, who were to be instructed: which bought to the birth of the monastic pedagogy.
The monastic world was taking special care of the young monks and was involved in the details of their character formation and their education.
Most especially the Rules of St. Benedict, the main monastic rule throughout the Middle Ages, as the testimonies of great personalities, such as Anselm of Canterbury (1033 / 34-1109), show the efforts and care for young people. According Anselm the child is not a child nor an adult already, comparino the child to be a softened wax that is used to give the seals on letters.
The child can be shaped and can maintain the shape he or she receives just like the Wax. The good teacher therefore has a hard task and must work to shape the young monk and make him the model of the spiritual man, virtuous and civilised.
Most times punishment is not the correct way to educate or correct the child from its bad habits and behaviour; sociologists condemn this act and rather recommend teachers should use the dialogue method in order to understand the character in question and therefore take accurate action, or in most cases consult the advice of the superior for proper punishment given.