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Medieval drama.

Miracle plays were linked to religion to commemorate christian events.
At first they took place in churches, then outside. They were Staged by members of trade guilds on pageants (movable stage wagons). Actors were generally paid but not regarded as professional actors.

Morality plays: characters were personifications of human vices and virtues (1st step towards a psychological interpretation of characters). The plots were invented. The most popular is everyman.
The Actors were an association formed to act often under protection of a lord.

Everyman: it is a work of the end of 15 century. It appeared first on the continent (in fact it was a dutch play) and then in England. It was first transmitted by the oral tradition and then entered in the theatres financed by town artisants and merchants.it can be considered as a dramatic version of ars moriendi (the art of dying) and timor mortis (the fear of death).

Plot: everyman is summoned by death and finds out that none of his friends will accompany him. He asks fellowship, beauty strength but they desert him. Only good deeds is faithful to him and he realizes that none of the things he loved during his hearty life will help him. He’s a merchant (middle class) and makes profits. God is vindictive and harsh while everyman is honest and has lived his life with little excesses. God is cruel because men are too linked to material things. He’s the image of authority that denies the middle class the right to enjoy what they conquered in life.

Interlude: it was developed in the 15th century and consisted in a short play. Actors took part at a Small acting company and acted in the lord’s house. There were both Serious and comic elements with witty games of words. The Technics used: the vice (dramatic); the disguise.

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