Drama is a form of communication.
Addresser -> massage -> addressee
Playwright -> play -> audience
Actually when we read a dramatic text we don’t get whole message because dramatic texts are only pre-text. The real message is made of the text on performance that certain actors directed by director give.
Therefore drama implies a real moment of communication from author to audience through the actors, and it depends on the immediate response of public. In addition, the same work can be performed in a different way according to period and the sensibility of the director the actors and the audience.
In drama the pauses are fundamentals.
Convention of drama
A play is entirely built on
o Dialogue, while in the novel we have the presence of narrator, dialogue is the main support of drama: creates action, it provides details about the characters and their relationship, it shows what a character thinks about another, and it gives information about the past. By Monologue the playwright let the audience get to know the characters: plans for the future, feelings and reactions..
o Time of action unfolds in front of our eyes as if is happening now stag direction are indication that the director give the actors about the scene must be performed.
Performance is the action of entertaining other people by dancing, singing, acting or playing music.
Stage is the area in a theatre where actors perform.
Stage direction is a descriptions or instructions in the text of a play explaining how it should be performed.
Scene is a part of a play in which the action remains in one place for a continuous period of time.
Act is a part of a play
Play is a piece of writing that is intended to be acted in a theatre.
Playwright is a person who writes a play.
Tragedy is a ply that ends sadly.
Comedy is a ply which is amusing.
Audience is the public at a theatre.
(Come from Greek comodia, probably meaning ‘Dionysiac feast song’ feast that celebrated the rite of fecundity)
In a Comedy we have:
o Ordinary characters set in everyday situations in an amusing way.
o It beings whit misfortunes but doesn’t ending whit the death of main character.
o The playwright generally mocks the vices and follies of society.
o Specific sets of comic characters are developed. They do not evolve in the course of the play and their name sometimes reveals their nature.
Characteristics of the importance of the being Earnest:
Jack Worthing has proposed to Gwendolen Fairfax, a girl belonging to London’s upperclass. Gwendolen’s mother, Lady Bracknell, tests to him through a series of personal questions before giving her blessing.
The key word is ‘wit’ the ability of making amusing intelligent remarks.
To achieve amusing situation Wilde use figure of speech:
- Aphorism: a short witty statement that is generally accepted as true. Wilde frequently uses familiar aphorism but he puts them in an unusual context which make them absurd.
-paradox statement which seems contradictory at first but may be true. The statement sounds absurd because the simple person prefer the country but Gwendolen isn’t a simple girl.
-pun: is the use of a work which has a double meaning