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Ballata di Edward

"Edward, Edward" is a tipical Scottish ballad (written in the late Middle Ages) composed of seven stanzas; each of them is written in a simple form with a specific meter, rhythm, and rhyme pattern. There is an alternance of stressed and unstressed syllables. It is very similar, in content and form, to another Scottish ballad: "Lord Randal". The tone of the poem is mournful and disquieting. "Mother, mother" and "Edward, Edward" serve as refrain in the ballad. This refrain helps the reader to understand who is speaking and It also helps to guide the story line along.
Stanza one - Edward's mother asks him why his sword is dripping with blood and why he is so sad; he tells her he is sad because he killed his best hawk, the only one he has had.
Stanza two - His mother says his hawk's blood was never so red, dismissing the loss as minimal. Edward then tells her he has killed his "red-roan steed," who was once "so fair and free."

Stanza three - His mother says the horse was old and they have more of them, but she can see that her son is upset about some other terrible thing.
Edward confess that is so desperate because he has killed is own father.

First climax


Stanza four - Edward's mother does not seem to be too upset, but she wants to know what penance her son is going to pay for killing his father. He tells her he is going to get in a boat and cross the ocean (leave Scotland).
Stanza five - His mother asks what he plans to do with his towers and halls, his beautiful land and holdings. Edward intends to "let them stand till they down fall," since he does not intend to come back.
Stanza six – As seen in Lord Randal, in the 6th stanza lies Edward's destiny. His mother asks him what is going to leave to his family and Edward says that he will “let them beg through life”.
Stanza seven - Edward's mother asks him what he intends to leave her (she was probably not prepared for the enmity he displays toward her) and he says that he will leave her the course of hell to bear.
This stanza reveals, also, that Edward's mother persuaded him to kill his father and now he feels remorse and hatred through her.
Second climax

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