Verbo be


Forma affermativa

1° persona singolare: I am \ I'm
Example: I am Lisa \ I'm Lisa

2° persona singolare: You are \ You're
Example: You are George \ You're George.

3° persona singolare: She is \ She's - He is \ He's - It is \ It's
Example: She is Paola \ She's Paola - He is Diego \ He's Diego - It is my book \ It's my book.

1° persona plurale: We are \ We're
Example: We are friends \ We're friends.

2° persona plurale: You are \ You're
Example: You are bestfriends \ You're bestfriends.

3° persona plurale: They are \ The're
Example: They are in my school \ They're in my school.

Il verbo be [essere] si utilizza per:

1) Identificare e descrivere cose e persone
Example: Lisa is my sister.

2) Esprimere la provenienza, l'età e la professione
Example: I am from Italy.

3) Chiedere e dire il prezzo
Example: How much is it?

4) Parlare delle condizioni di salute
Example: How are you?

5) Parlare del tempo
Exaple: It's cold.

6) Chiedere e dire ora
Example: It's 8 o'clock.

Eccezioni in cui si utilizza il verbo essere

1) Be afraid
2) Be early - late
3) Be hot - cold
4) Be hungry - thirsty
5) Be in a hurry
6) Be right - wrong

Forma negativa

1° persona singolare: I am not \ I'm not
Example: I am not Lisa \ I'm not Lisa

2° persona singolare: You are not \ You aren't
Example: You are not George \ You aren't George.

3° persona singolare: She is not \ She isn't - He is not \ He isn't - It is not \ It isn't
Example: She is not Paola \ She isn't Paola - He is not Diego \ He isn't Diego - It is not my book \ It isn't my book.

1° persona plurale: We are not \ We aren't
Example: We are not friends \ We aren't friends.

2° persona plurale: You are not \ You aren't
Example: You are not bestfriends \ You aren't bestfriends.

3° persona plurale: They are not \ They aren't
Example: They are not in my school \ They aren't in my school.

Forma interrogativa

- Verbo + pronome soggetto + .. ?
Example: Am i stupid?
Example: Is she Gabriella?

Risposte brevi

In inglese è educato rispondere con una risposta breve "short answer" oltre al "yes" o "no".

- Yes + pronome soggetto + am \ are \ is
Example: Yes, i'm

- No + pronome soggetto + 'm not \ aren't \ isn't
Example: No, he isn't


Verbo have

Si usa per:

1) Parlare di ciò che si ha, si possiede
Example: I have three cats.

2) Per descrivere l'aspetto di cose o persone
Example: My cousin Luisa has long hair.

Forma affermativa

1° persona singolare: I have

2° persona singolare: You have

3° persona singolare: She has - He has - It has

1° persona plurale: We have

2° persona plurale: You have

3° persona plurale: They have

Forma negativa

1° persona singolare: I do not have \ I don't have

2° persona singolare: You do not have \ You don't have

3° persona singolare: She does not have \ She doesn't have - - He does not have \ He doesn't have - It does not have \ It doesn't have

1° persona plurale: We do not have \ We don't have

2° persona plurale: You do not have \ You don't have

3° persona plurale: They do nott have \ They don't have

Forma interrogativa

- Do\Does + pronome soggetto + have?
Example: Do you have a cat?
Example: Does she have a boyfriend?

Risposte brevi

- Yes + pronome soggetto + do\does
Example: Yes, I do.

- No + pronome soggetto + do\does + not
Example: No, he doesn't.

Eccezioni

1) Have a break
2) Have a chat
3) Have a good time
4) Have a party
5) Have a shower \ bath
6) Have a swim
7) Have an ice cream \ a glass of milk
8) Have breakfast \ lunch \ dinner

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