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Geoffrey Chaucer was born about 1300 (1343-1344) and he was the son of a wine merchant, in fact he travelled a lot. For example, he was sent to Italy, where he met Petrarch and he was influenced by the works of Boccaccio and Dante (in particular bu Boccaccio's Decameron).
Chaucer's works are divided into three periods: the French, the Italian and the English period.
His early works were influenced by French models, in fact, in this period he translated "the Romaunt of the Rose" and he wrote his first poem "The book of the Duchess".
Then, he was influenced by Italian models, in fact he tried to expand his stylistic range following the example of Boccaccio and Dante. In this period he wrote "The Parliament of Fouls", "The House of Fame", "Troilus and Criseyde" and "The Legend of Good Women".
In his last period, he wrote "the Canterbury Tales", the most important Chaucer's work.
This play is formed by a series of interlinked stories, told by a group of pilgrims who were visiting the shrine of Thomas Becket who rebelled against king Henry so he was killed in the Canterbury Cathedral. Each of them had to tell four stories and there will be a prize for the best one.

The plat is preceded by a General Prologue and each tale is preceded by another one in which the pilgrim tells us about him/her self.

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