This is also a regenerated cellulose fibre. It is made from wood pulp or cotton linters treated with acetic acid and acetic anhydride. Many articles are being manufactured through the usages of the chemically treated acetate in laboratory and textile companies. It is also used as a synthetic fibre in the production of cigarette filters.
1. The cellulose is purified.
2. It is treated with acetic acid and acetic anhydride, then water. Cellulose acetate is formed.
3. Cellulose acetate is dissolved in acetone to form a thick liquid.
4. The liquid is spun into filaments or fibres.
Characteristics or properties of Acetate:
1. It has silk-like rich soft attractive appear.
2. It is fairly cool to wear, but uncomfortable in hot weather.
3. It is soft and drapes well.
4. It loses strength when wet.
5. It is moderately elastic.
6. It recovers well from creasing.
8. It dried quickly.
9. It does not soil easily because its smooth surface.
10. It dissolves in acetone and nail polish remover.
11. It is not attacked by moth and mildew.
12. It can be dyed in rich colours.
Uses of acetate:
Acetate fabrics can be used for dresses, evening wears, lingerie, shirts, ties, umbrellas, rain wears, bathing suits, etc.
These include satins, taffetas, brocades, surahs, etc.