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The Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention aim to facilitate the implementation of the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage by setting forth the procedure for:
- the inscription of properties on the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger;
- the protection... Vedi di più

Esame di Aspetti teoretici e tecnici della conservazione docente Prof. M. Di Stefano

Anteprima

ESTRATTO DOCUMENTO

I. INTRODUCTION

I.A The Operational Guidelines

The

1. Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the

(hereinafter referred to as the

World Heritage Convention

aim to facilitate the implementation

Operational Guidelines)

of the Convention concerning the Protection of the World

(hereinafter referred to as

Cultural and Natural Heritage

"the or by

World Heritage Convention" "the Convention”),

setting forth the procedure for:

a) the inscription of properties on the World Heritage

List and the List of World Heritage in Danger;

b) the protection and conservation of World Heritage

properties;

c) the granting of International Assistance under the

World Heritage Fund; and

d) the mobilization of national and international support

in favor of the Convention. The historical development of

The are periodically revised to reflect

2. Operational Guidelines the Operational Guidelines is

the decisions of the World Heritage Committee. available at the following Web

address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/guidel

ineshistorical

The key users of the are:

3. Operational Guidelines

a) the States Parties to the World Heritage Convention;

b) the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection

of the Cultural and Natural Heritage of Outstanding

Universal Value, hereinafter referred to as "the World

Heritage Committee" or “the Committee”;

c) the UNESCO World Heritage Centre as Secretariat to

the World Heritage Committee, hereinafter referred

to as "the Secretariat”;

d) the Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage

Committee ;

e) site managers, stakeholders and partners in the

protection of World Heritage properties. 1

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

I.B The World Heritage Convention

The cultural and natural heritage is among the priceless and

4. irreplaceable assets, not only of each nation, but of humanity

as a whole. The loss, through deterioration or disappearance,

of any of these most prized assets constitutes an

impoverishment of the heritage of all the peoples of the world.

Parts of that heritage, because of their exceptional qualities,

can be considered to be of “outstanding universal value” and

as such worthy of special protection against the dangers which

increasingly threaten them.

To ensure, as far as possible, the proper identification,

5. protection, conservation and presentation of the world's

heritage, the Member States of UNESCO adopted the World

in 1972. The foresees the

Heritage Convention Convention

establishment of a "World Heritage Committee" and a "World

Heritage Fund". Both the Committee and the Fund have been

in operation since 1976.

Since the adoption of the in 1972, the

6. Convention

international community has embraced the concept of

"sustainable development". The protection and conservation

of the natural and cultural heritage are a significant

contribution to sustainable development.

The aims at the identification, protection,

7. Convention

conservation, presentation and transmission to future

generations of cultural and natural heritage of outstanding

universal value.

The criteria and conditions for the inscription of properties on

8. the World Heritage List have been developed to evaluate the

outstanding universal value of properties and to guide States

Parties in the protection and management of World Heritage

properties.

When a property inscribed on the World Heritage List is

9. threatened by serious and specific dangers, the Committee

considers placing it on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

When the outstanding universal value of the property which

justified its inscription on the World Heritage List is

destroyed, the Committee considers deleting the property from

the World Heritage List.

2 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

I.C The States Parties to the World Heritage Convention

States are encouraged to become party to the

10. Convention.

Model instruments for ratification/acceptance and accession

are included as Annex 1. The original signed version should

be sent to the Director-General of UNESCO.

The list of States Parties to the is available at the

11. Convention

following Web address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties

States Parties to the are encouraged to ensure

12. Convention

the participation of a wide variety of stakeholders, including

site managers, local and regional governments, local

communities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and

other interested parties and partners in the identification,

nomination and protection of World Heritage properties.

States Parties to the should provide the Secretariat

13. Convention

with the names and addresses of the governmental

organization(s) primarily responsible as national focal point(s)

for the implementation of the so that copies of all

Convention,

official correspondence and documents can be sent by the

Secretariat to these national focal points as appropriate. A list

of these addresses is available at the following Web address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/statespartiesfocalpoints

States Parties are encouraged to publicize this information

nationally and ensure that it is up to date.

States Parties are encouraged to bring together their cultural

14. and natural heritage experts at regular intervals to discuss

the implementation of the States Parties may

Convention.

wish to involve representatives of the Advisory Bodies and

other experts as appropriate. Article 6(1) of the

While fully respecting the sovereignty of the States on World

15. Heritage Convention.

whose territory the cultural and natural heritage is situated,

States Parties to the recognize the collective

Convention

interest of the international community to cooperate in the

protection of this heritage. States Parties to the World

have the responsibility to:

Heritage Convention, Article 4 and 6(2) of the

a) ensure the identification, nomination, protection, World

Heritage Convention.

conservation, presentation, and transmission to future

generations of the cultural and natural heritage found

within their territory, and give help in these tasks to

other States Parties that request it; Article 5 of the

b) adopt general policies to give the heritage a function World Heritage

Convention.

in the life of the community; 3

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

c) integrate heritage protection into comprehensive

planning programmes;

d) establish services for the protection, conservation

and presentation of the heritage;

e) develop scientific and technical studies to identify

actions that would counteract the dangers that

threaten the heritage;

f) take appropriate legal, scientific, technical,

administrative and financial measures to protect the

heritage;

g) foster the establishment or development of national

or regional centres for training in the protection,

conservation and presentation of the heritage and

encourage scientific research in these fields; Article 6(3) of the

h) not take any deliberate measures that directly or World

Heritage Convention.

indirectly damage their heritage or that of another

State Party to the Convention; Article 11(1) of the

i) submit to the World Heritage Committee an World

Heritage Convention.

inventory of properties suitable for inscription on the

World Heritage List (referred to as a Tentative List); Article 16(1) of the

j) make regular contributions to the World Heritage World

Heritage Convention.

Fund, the amount of which is determined by the

General Assembly of States Parties to the

Convention; Article 17 of the

k) consider and encourage the establishment of national, World

Heritage Convention.

public and private foundations or associations to

facilitate donations for the protection of World

Heritage; Article 18 of the

l) give assistance to international fund-raising World

Heritage Convention.

campaigns organized for the World Heritage Fund; Article 27 of the

m) use educational and information programmes to World

Heritage Convention.

strengthen appreciation and respect by their peoples

of the cultural and natural heritage defined in Articles

1 and 2 of the and to keep the public

Convention,

informed of the dangers threatening this heritage; Article 29 of the

(n) provide information to the World Heritage World

Heritage Convention.

Committee on the implementation of the World Resolution adopted by the 11th

and state of conservation of

Heritage Convention General Assembly of States

Parties (1997)

properties; and

4 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Rule 8.1 of the

States Parties are encouraged to attend sessions of the World Rules of

16. Procedure of the World

Heritage Committee and its subsidiary bodies. Heritage Committee.

I.D The General Assembly of States Parties to the World

Heritage Convention Article 8(1), of the

The General Assembly of States Parties to the World

17. World Rule 49

Heritage Convention,

meets during the sessions of the

Heritage Convention of the Rules of Procedure of the

General Conference of UNESCO. The General Assembly World Heritage Committee.

manages its meetings according to its Rules of Procedure,

available at the following Web address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/garules Articles 8(1), 16(1) and 29 of

The General Assembly determines the uniform percentage

18. the World Heritage Convention

of contributions to the World Heritage Fund applicable to all Rule 49 of the

and Rules of

States Parties and elects members to the World Heritage Procedure of the World

Heritage Committee.

Committee. Both the General Assembly and General

Conference of UNESCO receive a report from the World

Heritage Committee on its activities.

I.E The World Heritage Committee The World Heritage Committee

The World Heritage Committee is composed of 21 members

19. can be contacted through its

and meets at least once a year (June/July). It establishes its Secretariat, the World Heritage

Bureau, which meets during the sessions of the Committee as Centre.

frequently as deemed necessary. The composition of the

Committee and its Bureau is available at the following Web

address: http://whc.unesco.org/en/committeemembers

The Committee manages its meetings according to its

20. Rules of

available at the following Web address:

Procedure,

http://whc.unesco.org/committeerules Article 9(1) of the

The term of office of Committee members is six years but, in World

21. Heritage Convention.

order to ensure equitable representation and rotation, States

Parties are invited by the General Assembly to consider Article 8(2) of the World

and the

voluntarily reducing their term of office from six to four years Heritage Convention

Resolutions of the 7th (1989),

and are discouraged from seeking consecutive terms of office. 12th (1999) and 13th (2001)

General Assembly of States

Parties to the World Heritage

Convention.

Rule 14.1 of the

A certain number of seats may be reserved for States Parties Rules of

22. Procedure of the General

who do not have a property on the World Heritage List, Assembly of States Parties.

upon decision of the Committee at the session that precedes

the General Assembly. 5

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Committee decisions are based on objective and scientific

23. considerations, and any appraisal made on its behalf must be

thoroughly and responsibly carried out. The Committee

recognizes that such decisions depend upon:

a) carefully prepared documentation;

b) thorough and consistent procedures;

c) evaluation by qualified experts; and

d) if necessary, the use of expert referees.

The main functions of the Committee are, in co-operation with

24. States Parties, to: Article 11(2) of the

a) identify, on the basis of Tentative Lists and World

Heritage Convention.

nominations submitted by States Parties, cultural and

natural properties of outstanding universal value which

are to be protected under the and to

Convention

inscribe those properties on the World Heritage List; Articles 11(7) and 29 of the

b) examine the state of conservation of properties World Heritage Convention.

inscribed on the World Heritage List through

processes of Reactive Monitoring (see Chapter IV)

and Periodic Reporting (see Chapter V); Article 11(4) and 11(5) of the

c) decide which properties inscribed on the World World Heritage Convention.

Heritage List are to be inscribed on, or removed from

the List of World Heritage in Danger;

d) decide whether a property should be deleted from the

World Heritage List (see Chapter IV); Article 21(1) and 21(3) of the

e) define the procedure by which requests for World Heritage Convention.

International Assistance are to be considered and carry

out studies and consultations as necessary before

coming to a decision (see Chapter VII); Article 13(6) of the

f) determine how the resources of the World Heritage World

Heritage Convention.

Fund can be used most advantageously to assist States

Parties in the protection of their properties of

outstanding universal value;

g) seek ways to increase the World Heritage Fund; Article 29(3) of the

h) submit a report on its activities every two years to the World

and Rule

Heritage Convention

General Assembly of States Parties and to the 49 of the Rules of procedure of

UNESCO General Conference; the World Heritage Committee.

6 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

i) review and evaluate periodically the implementation

of the Convention;

j) revise and adopt the Operational Guidelines. The first ‘Strategic

In order to facilitate the implementation of the

25. Convention, Orientations’ adopted by the

the Committee develops Strategic Objectives; they are Committee in 1992 are

periodically reviewed and revised to define the goals and contained in Annex II of

document WHC-

objectives of the Committee to ensure that new threats 92/CONF.002/12

placed on World Heritage are addressed effectively. In 2002 the World Heritage

The current Strategic Objectives (also referred to as “the 5

26. Committee revised its Strategic

Cs”) are the following: Objectives. The Budapest

Declaration on World Heritage

(2002) is available at the

1. Strengthen the of the World Heritage List;

Credibility following Web address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/budap

2. Ensure the effective of World Heritage

Conservation estdeclaration

Properties;

3. Promote the development of effective Capacity-

in States Parties;

building

4. Increase public awareness, involvement and support for

World Heritage through Communication.

5. Enhance the role of in the implementation

Communities Decision 31 COM 13B

of the World Heritage Convention. UNESCO World Heritage

I.F The Secretariat to the World Heritage Committee Centre

(World Heritage Centre) 7, place de Fontenoy

75352 Paris 07 SP

France

Tel: +33 (0) 1 4568 1571

Fax: +33 (0) 1 4568 5570

E-mail: wh-info@unesco.org

www: http://whc.unesco.org/

Article 14 of the

The World Heritage Committee is assisted by a Secretariat World

27. Heritage Convention.

appointed by the Director-General of UNESCO. The

function of the Secretariat is currently assumed by the Rule 43 of Rules of Procedure

World Heritage Centre, established in 1992 specifically for of the World Heritage

Committee.

this purpose. The Director-General designated the Director

of the World Heritage Centre as Secretary to the Committee. Circular Letter 16 of 21

October 2003

The Secretariat assists and collaborates with the States http://whc.unesco.org/circs/circ

Parties and the Advisory Bodies. The Secretariat works in 03-16e.pdf

close co-operation with other sectors and field offices of

UNESCO.

The Secretariat's main tasks are:

28. Article 14.2 of the

a) the organization of the meetings of the General World

Heritage Convention.

Assembly and the Committee; 7

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Article 14.2 of the

b) the implementation of decisions of the World World

and the

Heritage Convention

Heritage Committee and resolutions of the General Budapest Declaration on

Assembly and reporting to them on their execution; (2002)

World Heritage

c) the receipt, registration, checking the completeness,

archiving and transmission to the relevant Advisory

Bodies of nominations to the World Heritage List;

d) the co-ordination of studies and activities as part of

the Global Strategy for a Representative, Balanced

and Credible World Heritage List;

e) the organization of Periodic Reporting and co-

ordination of Reactive Monitoring;

f) the co-ordination of International Assistance;

g) the mobilisation of extra-budgetary resources for the

conservation and management of World Heritage

properties;

h) the assistance to States Parties in the implementation

of the Committee's programmes and projects; and

i) the promotion of World Heritage and the Convention

through the dissemination of information to States

Parties, the Advisory Bodies and the general public.

These activities follow the decisions and Strategic

29. Objectives of the Committee and the resolutions of the

General Assembly of the States Parties and are conducted in

close co-operation with the Advisory Bodies.

I.G Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage Committee Article 8.3 of the

The Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage Committee are World

30. Heritage Convention

ICCROM (the International Centre for the Study of the

Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property),

ICOMOS (the International Council on Monuments and

Sites), and IUCN - the World Conservation Union.

The roles of the Advisory Bodies are to:

31. Article 13.7 of the

a) advise on the implementation of the World

World Heritage Heritage Convention.

in the field of their expertise;

Convention

b) assist the Secretariat, in the preparation of the

Committee's documentation, the agenda of its

meetings and the implementation of the Committee’s

decisions;

8 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

c) assist with the development and implementation of

the Global Strategy for a Representative, Balanced

and Credible World Heritage List, the Global

Training Strategy, Periodic Reporting, and the

strengthening of the effective use of the World

Heritage Fund; Article 14.2 of the

d) monitor the state of conservation of World Heritage World

Heritage Convention.

properties and review requests for International

Assistance;

e) in the case of ICOMOS and IUCN evaluate

properties nominated for inscription on the World

Heritage List and present evaluation reports to the

Committee; and Article 8.3 of the

f) attend meetings of the World Heritage Committee World

Heritage Convention.

and the Bureau in an advisory capacity.

ICCROM

ICCROM (the International Centre for the Study of the

32. ICCROM

Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property) is an Via di S. Michele, 13

international intergovernmental organization with I-00153 Rome, Italy

headquarters in Rome, Italy. Established by UNESCO in Tel : +39 06 585531

Fax: +39 06 5855 3349

1956, ICCROM's statutory functions are to carry out Email: iccrom@iccrom.org

research, documentation, technical assistance, training and http://www.iccrom.org/

public awareness programmes to strengthen conservation of

immovable and moveable cultural heritage.

The specific role of ICCROM in relation to the

33. Convention

includes: being the priority partner in training for cultural

heritage, monitoring the state of conservation of World

Heritage cultural properties, reviewing requests for

International Assistance submitted by States Parties, and

providing input and support for capacity-building activities.

ICOMOS

ICOMOS (the International Council on Monuments and

34. ICOMOS

Sites) is a non-governmental organization with headquarters 49-51, rue de la Fédération

in Paris, France. Founded in 1965, its role is to promote the 75015 Paris, France

application of theory, methodology and scientific techniques Tel : +33 (0)1 45 67 67 70

Fax : +33 (0)1 45 66 06 22

to the conservation of the architectural and archaeological E-mail: secretariat@icomos.org

heritage. Its work is based on the principles of the 1964 http://www.icomos.org/

International Charter on the Conservation and Restoration of

Monuments and Sites (the Venice Charter).

The specific role of ICOMOS in relation to the

35. Convention 9

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

includes: evaluation of properties nominated for inscription

on the World Heritage List, monitoring the state of

conservation of World Heritage cultural properties,

reviewing requests for International Assistance submitted by

States Parties, and providing input and support for capacity-

building activities.

IUCN

IUCN – The World Conservation Union (formely the

36. IUCN - The World

International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Conservation Union

Natural Resources) was founded in 1948 and brings together rue Mauverney 28

national governments, NGOs, and scientists in a worldwide CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland

Tel: + 41 22 999 0001

partnership. Its mission is to influence, encourage and assist Fax: +41 22 999 0010

societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and E-Mail: mail@hq.iucn.org

diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural http://www.iucn.org

resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. IUCN

has its headquarters in Gland, Switzerland.

The specific role of IUCN in relation to the

37. Convention

includes: evaluation of properties nominated for inscription

on the World Heritage List, monitoring the state of

conservation of World Heritage natural properties,

reviewing requests for International Assistance submitted by

States Parties, and providing input and support for capacity-

building activities.

I.H Other organizations

The Committee may call on other international and non-

38. governmental organizations with appropriate competence

and expertise to assist in the implementation of the

programmes and projects.

I.I Partners in the protection of World Heritage

A partnership approach to nomination, management and

39. monitoring provides a significant contribution to the

protection of World Heritage properties and the

implementation of the Convention.

Partners in the protection and conservation of World

40. Heritage can be those individuals and other stakeholders,

especially local communities, governmental, non-

governmental and private organizations and owners who

have an interest and involvement in the conservation and

management of a World Heritage property.

I.J Other Conventions, Recommendations and Programmes

The World Heritage Committee recognizes the benefits of

41. closer co-ordination of its work with other UNESCO

10 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

The World Heritage Committee with the support of the

42. Secretariat will ensure appropriate co-ordination and

information-sharing between the World Heritage Convention

and other Conventions, programmes and international

organizations related to the conservation of cultural and

natural heritage.

The Committee may invite representatives of the

43. intergovernmental bodies under related Conventions to attend

its meetings as observers. It may appoint a representative to

observe meetings of the other intergovernmental bodies upon

receipt of an invitation.

44. Selected global Conventions and programmes relating to

the protection of cultural and natural heritage

UNESCO Conventions and Programmes

Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the

Event of Armed Conflict (1954)

Protocol I (1954)

Protocol II (1999)

http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/hague/html_eng/page1.shtml

Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the

Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural

Property (1970)

http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/1970/html_eng/page1.shtml

Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural

and Natural Heritage (1972)

http://www.unesco.org/whc/world_he.htm

Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural

Heritage (2001)

http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/underwater/html_eng/convention.shtml

Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural

Heritage (2003)

http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001325/132540e.pdf

Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme

http://www.unesco.org/mab/

Other Conventions

Convention on Wetlands of International Importance

especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar) (1971)

http://www.ramsar.org/key_conv_e.htm 11

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of

Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (1973)

http://www.cites.org/eng/disc/text.shtml

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of

Wild Animals (CMS) (1979)

http://www.unep-wcmc.org/cms/cms_conv.htm

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

(1982)

http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/closindx.htm

Convention on Biological Diversity (1992)

http://www.biodiv.org/convention/articles.asp

UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported

Cultural Objects (Rome, 1995)

http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/culturalproperty/c-cult.htm

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

(New York, 1992)

http://unfccc.int/essential_background/convention/background/items/1350.php

12 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

II. THE WORLD HERITAGE LIST

II.A Definition of World Heritage

Cultural and Natural Heritage

Cultural and natural heritage are defined in Articles 1 and 2

45. of the World Heritage Convention.

Article 1

For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be

considered as "cultural heritage";

- monuments: architectural works, works of monumental

sculpture and painting, elements or structures of an

archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings and

combinations of features, which are of outstanding universal

value from the point of view of history, art or science;

- groups of buildings: groups of separate or connected

buildings which, because of their architecture, their

homogeneity or their place in the landscape, are of

outstanding universal value from the point of view of history,

art or science;

- sites: works of man or the combined works of nature and of

man, and areas including archaeological sites which are of

outstanding universal value from the historical, aesthetic,

ethnological or anthropological points of view.

Article 2

For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be

considered as "natural heritage":

- natural features consisting of physical and biological

formations or groups of such formations, which are of

outstanding universal value from the aesthetic or scientific

point of view;

geological and physiographical formations and precisely

delineated areas which constitute the habitat of threatened

species of animals and plants of outstanding universal value

from the point of view of science or conservation;

- natural sites or precisely delineated natural areas of

outstanding universal value from the point of view of science,

conservation or natural beauty.

Mixed Cultural and Natural Heritage

Properties shall be considered as "mixed cultural and natural

46. heritage" if they satisfy a part or the whole of the definitions 13

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

of both cultural and natural heritage laid out in Articles 1

and 2 of the Convention.

Cultural landscapes Annex 3

Cultural landscapes are cultural properties and represent the

47. "combined works of nature and of man" designated in Article

1 of the They are illustrative of the evolution of

Convention.

human society and settlement over time, under the influence

of the physical constraints and/or opportunities presented by

their natural environment and of successive social, economic

and cultural forces, both external and internal.

Movable Heritage

Nominations of immovable heritage which are likely to

48. become movable will not be considered.

Outstanding universal value

Outstanding universal value means cultural and/or natural

49. significance which is so exceptional as to transcend national

boundaries and to be of common importance for present and

future generations of all humanity. As such, the permanent

protection of this heritage is of the highest importance to the

international community as a whole. The Committee defines

the criteria for the inscription of properties on the World

Heritage List.

States Parties are invited to submit nominations of properties

50. of cultural and/or natural value considered to be of

"outstanding universal value" for inscription on the World

Heritage List.

At the time of inscription of a property on the World Heritage

51. List, the Committee adopts a Statement of Outstanding

Universal Value (see paragraph 154) which will be the key

reference for the future effective protection and management of

the property.

The is not intended to ensure the protection of all

52. Convention

properties of great interest, importance or value, but only for a

select list of the most outstanding of these from an

international viewpoint. It is not to be assumed that a property

of national and/or regional importance will automatically be

inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Nominations presented to the Committee shall demonstrate

53. the full commitment of the State Party to preserve the heritage

concerned, within its means. Such commitment shall take the

14 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

form of appropriate policy, legal, scientific, technical,

administrative and financial measures adopted and proposed

to protect the property and its outstanding universal value.

II.B A Representative, Balanced and Credible World Heritage

List

The Committee seeks to establish a representative, balanced Budapest Declaration on World

54. (2002) at

Heritage

and credible World Heritage List in conformity with the four http://whc.unesco.org/en/budapest

Strategic Objectives adopted by the Committee at its 26th declaration

session (Budapest, 2002).

The Global Strategy for a Representative, Balanced and

Credible World Heritage List The report of the Expert Meeting

The Global Strategy for a Representative, Balanced and

55. on the "Global Strategy" and

Credible World Heritage List is designed to identify and fill the thematic studies for a

major gaps in the World Heritage List. It does this by representative World Heritage List

(20-22 June 1994) was adopted by

encouraging more countries to become States Parties to the the World Heritage Committee at

and to develop Tentative Lists as defined in

Convention its 18th session (Phuket, 1994).

paragraph 62 and nominations of properties for inscription on The Global Strategy was initially

the World Heritage List (see developed with reference to

http://whc.unesco.org/en/globalstrategy) cultural heritage. At the request of

the World Heritage Committee,

the Global Strategy was

subsequently expanded to also

include reference to natural

heritage and combined cultural

and natural heritage.

States Parties and the Advisory Bodies are encouraged to

56. participate in the implementation of the Global Strategy in co-

operation with the Secretariat and other partners. Regional and

thematic Global Strategy meetings and comparative and

thematic studies are organized for this purpose. The results of

these meetings and studies are available to assist States

Parties in preparing Tentative Lists and nominations. The

reports of the expert meetings and studies presented to the

World Heritage Committee are available at the following

Web address: http://whc.unesco.org/en/globalstrategy

All efforts should be made to maintain a reasonable balance

57. between cultural and natural heritage on the World Heritage

List.

No formal limit is imposed on the total number of properties

58. to be inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Other measures Resolution adopted by the 12th

To promote the establishment of a representative, balanced

59. 15

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

General Assembly of States

and credible World Heritage List, States Parties are requested Parties (1999).

to consider whether their heritage is already well represented

on the List and if so to slow down their rate of submission of

further nominations by:

a) spacing voluntarily their nominations according to

conditions that they will define, and/or;

b) proposing only properties falling into categories still

under-represented, and/or;

c) linking each of their nominations with a nomination

presented by a State Party whose heritage is under-

represented; or

d) deciding, on a voluntary basis, to suspend the

presentation of new nominations. Resolution adopted by the 12th

States Parties whose heritage of outstanding universal value is

60. General Assembly of States

under-represented on the World Heritage List are requested to: Parties (1999).

a) give priority to the preparation of their Tentative Lists

and nominations;

b) initiate and consolidate partnerships at the regional

level based on the exchange of technical expertise;

c) encourage bilateral and multilateral co-operation so as

to increase their expertise and the technical capacities

of institutions in charge of the protection, safeguarding

and management of their heritage; and,

d) participate, as much as possible, in the sessions of the

World Heritage Committee. Decisions 24 COM VI.2.3.3,

The Committee has decided to apply the following

61. 28 COM 13.1 and

mechanism: 7 EXT.COM 4B.1

29 COM 18A

31 COM 10

a) examine up to two complete nominations per State

Party, provided that at least one of such nominations

concerns a natural property, nevertheless, on an

experimental basis of 4 years, leaving to the State

Party the decision on the nature of the nomination,

whether natural or cultural, as per its national

priorities, its history and geography and,

b) set at 45 the annual limit on the number of

nominations it will review, inclusive of nominations

deferred and referred by previous sessions of the

Committee, extensions (except minor modifications

of limits of the property), transboundary and serial

16 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

nominations,

c) the following order of priorities will be applied in

case the overall annual limit of 45 nominations is

exceeded:

i) nominations of properties submitted by States

Parties with no properties inscribed on the List;

ii) nominations of properties submitted by States

Parties having up to 3 properties inscribed on

the List,

iii) nominations of properties that have been

previously excluded due to the annual limit of

45 nominations and the application of these

priorities,

iv) nominations of properties for natural heritage,

v) nominations of properties for mixed heritage,

vi) nominations of transboundary/transnational

properties,

vii) nominations from States Parties in Africa, the

Pacific and the Caribbean,

viii) nominations of properties submitted by States

Parties having ratified the World Heritage

during the last ten years,

Convention

ix) nominations of properties submitted by States

Parties that have not submitted nominations for

ten years or more,

x) when applying this priority system, date of

receipt of full and complete nominations by the

World Heritage Centre shall be used as a

secondary factor to determine the priority

between those nominations that would not be

designated by the previous points.

d) the States Parties co-authors of a transboundary or

transnational serial nomination can choose, amongst

themselves and with a common understanding, the

State Party which will be bearing this nomination;

and this nomination can be registered exclusively

within the ceiling of the bearing State Party. 17

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

The impact of this decision will be evaluated at the

Committee's 35th session (2011).

II.C Tentative Lists

Procedure and Format Articles 1, 2 and 11(1) of the

A Tentative List is an inventory of those properties situated

62. World Heritage Convention.

on its territory which each State Party considers suitable for

inscription on the World Heritage List. States Parties should

therefore include, in their Tentative Lists, the names of those

properties which they consider to be cultural and/or natural

heritage of outstanding universal value and which they intend

to nominate during the following years. Decision 24COM para.VI.2.3.2

Nominations to the World Heritage List are not considered

63. unless the nominated property has already been included on the

State Party's Tentative List.

States Parties are encouraged to prepare their Tentative Lists

64. with the participation of a wide variety of stakeholders,

including site managers, local and regional governments,

local communities, NGOs and other interested parties and

partners.

States Parties shall submit Tentative Lists to the Secretariat,

65. preferably at least one year prior to the submission of any

nomination. States Parties are encouraged to re-examine and

re-submit their Tentative List at least every ten years.

States Parties are requested to submit their Tentative Lists in

66. English or French using the standard format in Annex 2,

containing the name of the properties, their geographical

location, a brief description of the properties, and justification

of their outstanding universal value.

The original duly signed version of the completed Tentative

67. List shall be submitted by the State Party, to:

UNESCO World Heritage Centre

7, place de Fontenoy

75352 Paris 07 SP

France

Tel: +33 (0) 1 4568 1136

E-mail: wh-tentativelists@unesco.org Decision 7 EXT.COM 4A

If all information has been provided, the Tentative List will be

68. registered by the Secretariat and transmitted to the relevant

Advisory Bodies for information. A summary of all Tentative

Lists is presented annually to the Committee. The Secretariat,

in consultation with the States Parties concerned, updates its

18 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

records, in particular by removing from the Tentative Lists the

inscribed properties and nominated properties which were not

inscribed. Decision 27 COM 8A

The Tentative Lists of States Parties are available at the

69. following Web address: http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists

Tentative Lists as a planning and evaluation tool

Tentative Lists are a useful and important planning tool for

70. States Parties, the World Heritage Committee, the Secretariat,

and the Advisory Bodies, as they provide an indication of

future nominations. Decision 24 COM para.

States Parties are encouraged to consult the analyses of both

71. VI.2.3.2(ii)

the World Heritage List and Tentative Lists prepared at the Documents WHC-

request of the Committee by ICOMOS and IUCN to identify 04/28.COM/13.B I and II

the gaps in the World Heritage List. These analyses could http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2

enable States Parties to compare themes, regions, geo-cultural 004/whc04-28com-13b1e.pdf

groupings and bio-geographic provinces for prospective World and

http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2

Heritage properties. 004/whc04-28com-13b2e.pdf

Thematic studies are different

In addition, States Parties are encouraged to consult the

72. than the comparative analysis to

specific thematic studies carried out by the Advisory Bodies be prepared by States Parties

(see paragraph 147). These studies are informed by a review of when nominating properties for

inscription in the World Heritage

the Tentative Lists submitted by States Parties and by reports 132).

List (see paragraph

of meetings on the harmonization of Tentative Lists, as well as

by other technical studies performed by the Advisory Bodies

and qualified organizations and individuals. A list of those

studies already completed is available at the following Web

address: http://whc.unesco.org/en/globalstrategy

States Parties are encouraged to harmonize their Tentative

73. Lists at regional and thematic levels. Harmonization of

Tentative Lists is the process whereby States Parties, with the

assistance of the Advisory Bodies, collectively assess their

respective Tentative List to review gaps and identify common

themes. The outcome of harmonization can result in improved

Tentative Lists, new nominations from States Parties and co-

operation amongst groups of States Parties in the preparation of

nominations.

Assistance and Capacity-Building for States Parties in the

preparation of Tentative Lists

To implement the Global Strategy, cooperative efforts in

74. capacity-building and training may be necessary to assist

States Parties to acquire and/or consolidate their expertise in

the preparation, updating and harmonisation of their

Tentative List and the preparation of nominations. 19

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

International Assistance may be requested by States Parties for

75. the purpose of preparing, updating and harmonizing Tentative

Lists (see Chapter VII). Decision 24COM VI.2.3.5(ii)

The Advisory Bodies and the Secretariat will use the

76. opportunity of evaluation missions to hold regional training

workshops to assist under-represented States in the methods

of preparation of their Tentative List and nominations. These criteria were formerly

II.D Criteria for the assessment of outstanding universal value presented as two separate sets

of criteria - criteria (i) - (vi) for

cultural heritage and (i) - (iv)

for natural heritage.

The 6th extraordinary session

of the World Heritage

Committee decided to merge

the ten criteria (Decision 6

EXT.COM 5.1)

The Committee considers a property as having outstanding

77. universal value (see paragraphs 49-

53) if the property meets

one or more of the following criteria. Nominated properties

shall therefore :

(i) represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;

(ii) exhibit an important interchange of human values,

over a span of time or within a cultural area of the

world, on developments in architecture or technology,

monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;

(iii) bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a

cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or

which has disappeared;

(iv) be an outstanding example of a type of building,

architectural or technological ensemble or landscape

which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human

history;

(v) be an outstanding example of a traditional human

settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is

representative of a culture (or cultures), or human

interaction with the environment especially when it

has become vulnerable under the impact of

irreversible change;

(vi) be directly or tangibly associated with events or living

traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and

literary works of outstanding universal significance.

(The Committee considers that this criterion should

preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria) ;

(vii) contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of

exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;

20 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

(viii) be outstanding examples representing major stages of

earth's history, including the record of life, significant

on-going geological processes in the development of

landforms, or significant geomorphic or

physiographic features;

(ix) be outstanding examples representing significant on-

going ecological and biological processes in the

evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water,

coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of

plants and animals;

(x) contain the most important and significant natural

habitats for in-situ conservation of biological

diversity, including those containing threatened

species of outstanding universal value from the point

of view of science or conservation.

To be deemed of outstanding universal value, a property

78. must also meet the conditions of integrity and/or authenticity

and must have an adequate protection and management

system to ensure its safeguarding.

II.E Integrity and/or authenticity

Authenticity

Properties nominated under criteria (i) to (vi) must meet the

79. conditions of authenticity. Annex 4 which includes the Nara

Document on Authenticity, provides a practical basis for

examining the authenticity of such properties and is

summarized below.

The ability to understand the value attributed to the heritage

80. depends on the degree to which information sources about

this value may be understood as credible or truthful.

Knowledge and understanding of these sources of

information, in relation to original and subsequent

characteristics of the cultural heritage, and their meaning, are

the requisite bases for assessing all aspects of authenticity.

Judgments about value attributed to cultural heritage, as well

81. as the credibility of related information sources, may differ

from culture to culture, and even within the same culture.

The respect due to all cultures requires that cultural heritage

must be considered and judged primarily within the cultural

contexts to which it belongs.

Depending on the type of cultural heritage, and its cultural

82. context, properties may be understood to meet the conditions

of authenticity if their cultural values (as recognized in the 21

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

nomination criteria proposed) are truthfully and credibly

expressed through a variety of attributes including:

• form and design;

• materials and substance;

• use and function;

• traditions, techniques and management systems;

• location and setting;

• language, and other forms of intangible heritage;

• spirit and feeling; and

• other internal and external factors.

Attributes such as spirit and feeling do not lend themselves

83. easily to practical applications of the conditions of

authenticity, but nevertheless are important indicators of

character and sense of place, for example, in communities

maintaining tradition and cultural continuity.

The use of all these sources permits elaboration of the

84. specific artistic, historic, social, and scientific dimensions of

the cultural heritage being examined. "Information sources"

are defined as all physical, written, oral, and figurative

sources, which make it possible to know the nature,

specificities, meaning, and history of the cultural heritage.

When the conditions of authenticity are considered in

85. preparing a nomination for a property, the State Party should

first identify all of the applicable significant attributes of

authenticity. The statement of authenticity should assess the

degree to which authenticity is present in, or expressed by,

each of these significant attributes.

In relation to authenticity, the reconstruction of

86. archaeological remains or historic buildings or districts is

justifiable only in exceptional circumstances. Reconstruction

is acceptable only on the basis of complete and detailed

documentation and to no extent on conjecture.

Integrity Decision 20 COM IX.13

All properties nominated for inscription on the World

87. Heritage List shall satisfy the conditions of integrity.

22 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Integrity is a measure of the wholeness and intactness of the

88. natural and/or cultural heritage and its attributes. Examining

the conditions of integrity, therefore requires assessing the

extent to which the property:

a) includes all elements necessary to express its

outstanding universal value;

b) is of adequate size to ensure the complete

representation of the features and processes which

convey the property’s significance;

c) suffers from adverse effects of development and/or

neglect.

This should be presented in a statement of integrity. Examples of the application of

For properties nominated under criteria (i) to (vi), the

89. the conditions of integrity to

physical fabric of the property and/or its significant features properties nominated under

should be in good condition, and the impact of deterioration criteria (i) - (vi) are under

development.

processes controlled. A significant proportion of the elements

necessary to convey the totality of the value conveyed by the

property should be included. Relationships and dynamic

functions present in cultural landscapes, historic towns or

other living properties essential to their distinctive character

should also be maintained.

For all properties nominated under criteria (vii) - (x), bio-

90. physical processes and landform features should be relatively

intact. However, it is recognized that no area is totally

pristine and that all natural areas are in a dynamic state, and

to some extent involve contact with people. Human

activities, including those of traditional societies and local

communities, often occur in natural areas. These activities

may be consistent with the outstanding universal value of the

area where they are ecologically sustainable.

In addition, for properties nominated under criteria (vii) to

91. (x), a corresponding condition of integrity has been defined

for each criterion.

Properties proposed under criterion (vii) should be of

92. outstanding universal value and include areas that are

essential for maintaining the beauty of the property. For

example, a property whose scenic value depends on a

waterfall, would meet the conditions of integrity if it includes

adjacent catchment and downstream areas that are integrally

linked to the maintenance of the aesthetic qualities of the

property. 23

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Properties proposed under criterion (viii) should contain all

93. or most of the key interrelated and interdependent elements

in their natural relationships. For example, an "ice age" area

would meet the conditions of integrity if it includes the snow

field, the glacier itself and samples of cutting patterns,

deposition and colonization (e.g. striations, moraines, pioneer

stages of plant succession, etc.); in the case of volcanoes, the

magmatic series should be complete and all or most of the

varieties of effusive rocks and types of eruptions be

represented.

Properties proposed under criterion (ix) should have

94. sufficient size and contain the necessary elements to

demonstrate the key aspects of processes that are essential

for the long term conservation of the ecosystems and the

biological diversity they contain. For example, an area of

tropical rain forest would meet the conditions of integrity if it

includes a certain amount of variation in elevation above sea

level, changes in topography and soil types, patch systems

and naturally regenerating patches; similarly a coral reef

should include, for example, seagrass, mangrove or other

adjacent ecosystems that regulate nutrient and sediment

inputs into the reef.

24 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Properties proposed under criterion (x) should be the most

95. important properties for the conservation of biological

diversity. Only those properties which are the most

biologically diverse and/or representative are likely to meet

this criterion. The properties should contain habitats for

maintaining the most diverse fauna and flora characteristic of

the bio-geographic province and ecosystems under

consideration. For example, a tropical savannah would meet

the conditions of integrity if it includes a complete

assemblage of co-evolved herbivores and plants; an island

ecosystem should include habitats for maintaining endemic

biota; a property containing wide ranging species should be

large enough to include the most critical habitats essential to

ensure the survival of viable populations of those species; for

an area containing migratory species, seasonal breeding and

nesting sites, and migratory routes, wherever they are

located, should be adequately protected.

II.F Protection and management

Protection and management of World Heritage properties

96. should ensure that the outstanding universal value, the

conditions of integrity and/or authenticity at the time of

inscription are maintained or enhanced in the future.

All properties inscribed on the World Heritage List must

97. have adequate long-term legislative, regulatory, institutional

and/or traditional protection and management to ensure their

safeguarding. This protection should include adequately

delineated boundaries. Similarly States Parties should

demonstrate adequate protection at the national, regional,

municipal, and/or traditional level for the nominated

property. They should append appropriate texts to the

nomination with a clear explanation of the way this

protection operates to protect the property.

Legislative, regulatory and contractual measures for

protection

Legislative and regulatory measures at national and local

98. levels should assure the survival of the property and its

protection against development and change that might

negatively impact the outstanding universal value, or the

integrity and/or authenticity of the property. States Parties

should also assure the full and effective implementation of

such measures.

Boundaries for effective protection

The delineation of boundaries is an essential requirement in

99. 25

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

the establishment of effective protection of nominated

properties. Boundaries should be drawn to ensure the full

expression of the outstanding universal value and the

integrity and/or authenticity of the property.

For properties nominated under criteria (i) - (vi), boundaries

100. should be drawn to include all those areas and attributes

which are a direct tangible expression of the outstanding

universal value of the property, as well as those areas which

in the light of future research possibilities offer potential to

contribute to and enhance such understanding.

For properties nominated under criteria (vii) - (x), boundaries

101. should reflect the spatial requirements of habitats, species,

processes or phenomena that provide the basis for their

inscription on the World Heritage List. The boundaries

should include sufficient areas immediately adjacent to the

area of outstanding universal value in order to protect the

property's heritage values from direct effect of human

encroachments and impacts of resource use outside of the

nominated area.

The boundaries of the nominated property may coincide with

102. one or more existing or proposed protected areas, such as

national parks or nature reserves, biosphere reserves or

protected historic districts. While such established areas for

protection may contain several management zones, only some

of those zones may satisfy criteria for inscription.

Buffer zones

Wherever necessary for the proper conservation of the

103. property, an adequate buffer zone should be provided.

For the purposes of effective protection of the nominated

104. property, a buffer zone is an area surrounding the nominated

property which has complementary legal and/or customary

restrictions placed on its use and development to give an

added layer of protection to the property. This should include

the immediate setting of the nominated property, important

views and other areas or attributes that are functionally

important as a support to the property and its protection. The

area constituting the buffer zone should be determined in each

case through appropriate mechanisms. Details on the size,

characteristics and authorized uses of a buffer zone, as well as

a map indicating the precise boundaries of the property and its

buffer zone, should be provided in the nomination.

A clear explanation of how the buffer zone protects the

105. property should also be provided.

Where no buffer zone is proposed, the nomination should

106.

26 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

include a statement as to why a buffer zone is not required.

Although buffer zones are not normally part of the

107. nominated property, any modifications to the buffer zone

subsequent to inscription of a property on the World Heritage

List should be approved by the World Heritage Committee.

Management systems

Each nominated property should have an appropriate

108. management plan or other documented management system

which should specify how the outstanding universal value of

a property should be preserved, preferably through

participatory means.

The purpose of a management system is to ensure the

109. effective protection of the nominated property for present

and future generations.

An effective management system depends on the type,

110. characteristics and needs of the nominated property and its

cultural and natural context. Management systems may vary

according to different cultural perspectives, the resources

available and other factors. They may incorporate traditional

practices, existing urban or regional planning instruments,

and other planning control mechanisms, both formal and

informal.

In recognizing the diversity mentioned above, common

111. elements of an effective management system could include:

a) a thorough shared understanding of the property by all

stakeholders;

b) a cycle of planning, implementation, monitoring,

evaluation and feedback;

c) the involvement of partners and stakeholders;

d) the allocation of necessary resources;

e) capacity-building; and

f) an accountable, transparent description of how the

management system functions.

Effective management involves a cycle of long-term and

112. day-to-day actions to protect, conserve and present the

nominated property.

Moreover, in the context of the implementation of the

113. 27

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

the World Heritage Committee has established

Convention,

a process of Reactive Monitoring (see Chapter IV) and a

process of Periodic Reporting (see Chapter V).

In the case of serial properties, a management system or

114. mechanisms for ensuring the co-ordinated management of

the separate components are essential and should be

documented in the nomination (see paragraphs 137- 139).

In some circumstances, a management plan or other

115. management system may not be in place at the time when a

property is nominated for the consideration of the World

Heritage Committee. The State Party concerned should then

indicate when such a management plan or system would be

put in place, and how it proposes to mobilize the resources

required for the preparation and implementation of the new

management plan or system. The State Party should also

provide other document(s) (e.g. operational plans) which

will guide the management of the site until such time when a

management plan is finalized.

Where the intrinsic qualities of a property nominated are

116. threatened by action of man and yet meet the criteria and the

conditions of authenticity or integrity set out in paragraphs

78- 95, an action plan outlining the corrective measures

required should be submitted with the nomination file.

Should the corrective measures submitted by the nominating

State Party not be taken within the time proposed by the

State Party, the property will be considered by the

Committee for delisting in accordance with the procedure

adopted by the Committee (see Chapter IV.C).

States Parties are responsible for implementing effective

117. management activities for a World Heritage property. State

Parties should do so in close collaboration with property

managers, the agency with management authority and other

partners, and stakeholders in property management. Decision 28 COM 10B.4

The Committee recommends that States Parties include risk

118. preparedness as an element in their World Heritage site

management plans and training strategies.

28 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Sustainable use

World Heritage properties may support a variety of ongoing

119. and proposed uses that are ecologically and culturally

sustainable. The State Party and partners must ensure that

such sustainable use does not adversely impact the

outstanding universal value, integrity and/or authenticity of

the property. Furthermore, any uses should be ecologically

and culturally sustainable. For some properties, human use

would not be appropriate. 29

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

III. PROCESS FOR THE INSCRIPTION OF PROPERTIES

ON THE WORLD HERITAGE LIST

III.A Preparation of Nominations

The nomination document is the primary basis on which the

120. Committee considers the inscription of the properties on the

World Heritage List. All relevant information should be

included in the nomination document and it should be cross-

referenced to the source of information.

Annex 3 provides guidance to States Parties in preparing

121. nominations of specific types of properties.

Before States Parties begin to prepare a nomination of a

122. property for inscription on the World Heritage List, they

should become familiar with the nomination cycle, described

in Paragraph 168.

Participation of local people in the nomination process is

123. essential to enable them to have a shared responsibility with

the State Party in the maintenance of the property. States

Parties are encouraged to prepare nominations with the

participation of a wide variety of stakeholders, including site

managers, local and regional governments, local

communities, NGOs and other interested parties.

Preparatory Assistance, as described in Chapter VII.E, may

124. be requested by States Parties for the preparation of

nominations.

States Parties are encouraged to contact the Secretariat, which

125. can provide assistance throughout the nomination process.

The Secretariat can also provide:

126. a) assistance in identifying appropriate maps and

photographs and the national agencies from which

these may be obtained;

b) examples of successful nominations, of management

and legislative provisions;

c) guidance for nominating different types of

properties, such as Cultural Landscapes, Towns,

Canals, and Heritage Routes (see Annex 3)

d) guidance for nominating serial and transboundary

properties (see paragraphs 134-

139).

States Parties may submit draft nominations to the Secretariat

127.

30 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

for comment and review by of each year (see

30 September

paragraph 168). This submission of a draft nomination is

voluntary.

Nominations may be submitted

128. at any time during the year,

but only those nominations that are "complete" (see

paragraph 132) and received by the Secretariat on or before 1

will be considered for inscription on the World

February

Heritage List by the World Heritage Committee during the

following year. Only nominations of properties included in

the State Party's Tentative List will be examined by the

Committee (see paragraph 63).

III.B Format and content of nominations

Nominations of properties for inscription on the World

129. Heritage List should be prepared in accordance with the

format set out in Annex 5.

The format includes the following sections:

130. 1. Identification of the Property

2. Description of the Property

3. Justification for Inscription

4. State of conservation and factors affecting the property

5. Protection and Management

6. Monitoring

7. Documentation

8. Contact Information of responsible authorities

9. Signature on behalf of the State Party(ies)

Nominations to the World Heritage List are evaluated on

131. content rather than on appearance.

For a nomination to be considered as "complete", the

132. following requirements are to be met:

1. Identification of the Property

The boundaries of the property being proposed shall be clearly

defined, unambiguously distinguishing between the nominated

property and any buffer zone (when present) (see paragraphs

103-

107). Maps shall be sufficiently detailed to determine

precisely which area of land and/or water is nominated.

Officially up-to-date published topographic maps of the State

Party annotated to show the property boundaries shall be

provided if available. A nomination shall be considered

"incomplete" if it does not include clearly defined boundaries.

2. Description of the Property

The Description of the property shall include the identification 31

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

of the property, and an overview of its history and

development. All component parts that are mapped shall be

identified and described. In particular, where serial

nominations are proposed, each of the component parts shall be

clearly described. of the property shall describe

The History and Development

how the property has reached its present form and the

significant changes that it has undergone. This information

shall provide the important facts needed to support and give

substance to the argument that the property meets the criteria

of outstanding universal value and conditions of integrity

and/or authenticity.

3. Justification for Inscription

This section shall indicate the World Heritage criteria (see The comparative analyses

prepared by States Parties when

Paragraph 77) under which the property is proposed, together nominating properties for

with a clearly stated argument for the use of each criterion. inscription in the World Heritage

Based on the criteria, a proposed Statement of Outstanding List should not be confused with

the thematic studies prepared by

Universal Value (see paragraphs 49-

53and 155) of the property the Advisory Bodies at the

prepared by the State Party shall make clear why the property request of the Committee

is considered to merit inscription on the World Heritage List. A (paragraph 148 below)

comparative analysis of the property in relation to similar

properties, whether or not on the World Heritage List, both at Decision 7 EXT.COM 4A

the national and international levels, shall also be provided.

The comparative analysis shall explain the importance of the

nominated property in its national and international context.

Statements of integrity and/or authenticity shall be included

and shall demonstrate how the property satisfies the conditions

outlined in paragraphs 78-

95.

4. State of conservation and factors affecting the property

This section shall include accurate information on the present

state of conservation of the property (including information on

its physical condition of the property and conservation

measures in place). It shall also include a description of the

factors affecting the property (including threats). Information

provided in this section constitutes the baseline data which are

necessary to monitor the state of conservation of the nominated

property in the future.

5. Protection and management

Protection: Section 5 shall include the list of the legislative,

regulatory, contractual, planning, institutional and/ or

traditional measures most relevant to the protection of the

property and provide a detailed analysis of the way in which

this protection actually operates. Legislative, regulatory,

32 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

contractual planning and/or institutional texts, or an abstract

of the texts, shall also be attached in English or French.

Management: An appropriate management plan or other

management system is essential and shall be provided in the

nomination. Assurances of the effective implementation of the

management plan or other management system are also

expected.

A copy of the management plan or documentation of the

management system shall be annexed to the nomination. If the

management plan exists only in a language other than English

or French, an English or French detailed description of its

provisions shall be annexed.

A detailed analysis or explanation of the management plan or

a documented management system shall be provided.

A nomination which does not include the above-mentioned

documents is considered incomplete unless other documents

guiding the management of the property until the finalization

of the management plan are provided as outlined in paragraph

115.

6. Monitoring

States Parties shall include the key indicators proposed to

measure and assess the state of conservation of the property,

the factors affecting it, conservation measures at the property,

the periodicity of their examination, and the identity of the

responsible authorities.

7. Documentation

All necessary documentation to substantiate the nomination

shall be provided. In addition to what is indicated above, this

shall include photographs, 35 mm slides, image inventory and

photograph authorization form. The text of the nomination

shall be transmitted in printed form as well as in electronic

format (Diskette or CD-Rom).

8. Contact Information of responsible authorities

Detailed contact information of responsible authorities shall be

provided.

9. Signature on behalf of the State Party

The nomination shall conclude with the original signature of

the official empowered to sign it on behalf of the State Party. 33

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

10. Number of printed copies required

Nominations of cultural properties (excluding cultural

landscapes): 2 copies

Nominations of natural properties: 3 copies

Nominations of mixed properties and cultural landscapes: 4

copies

11. Paper and electronic format

Nominations shall be presented on A4-size paper (or "letter");

and in electronic format (diskette or CD-ROM). At least one

paper copy shall be presented in a loose-leaf format to

facilitate photocopying, rather than in a bound volume.

12. Sending

States Parties shall submit the nomination in English or French

duly signed, to:

UNESCO World Heritage Centre

7, place de Fontenoy

75352 Paris 07 SP

France

Tel: +33 (0) 1 4568 1136

Fax: +33 (0) 1 4568 5570

E-mail: wh-nominations@unesco.org

The Secretariat will retain all supporting documentation (maps,

133. plans, photographic material, etc.) submitted with the

nomination.

III.C Requirements for the nomination of different types of

properties

Transboundary properties Decision 7 EXT.COM 4A

A nominated property may occur:

134. a) on the territory of a single State Party, or

b) on the territory of all concerned States Parties having

adjacent borders (transboundary property).

Wherever possible, transboundary nominations should be

135. prepared and submitted by States Parties jointly in conformity

with Article 11.3 of the It is highly recommended

Convention.

that the States Parties concerned establish a joint management

committee or similar body to oversee the management of the

34 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

whole of a transboundary property.

Extensions to an existing World Heritage property located in

136. one State Party may be proposed to become transboundary

properties.

Serial properties

Serial properties will include component parts related because

137. they belong to:

a) the same historico – cultural group;

b) the same type of property which is characteristic of the

geographical zone;

c) the same geological, geomorphological formation, the

same biogeographic province, or the same ecosystem

type;

and provided it is the series as a whole – and not necessarily the

individual parts of it – which are of outstanding universal value. Decision 7 EXT.COM 4A

A serial nominated property may occur :

138. a) on the territory of a single State Party (serial national

property); or

b) within the territory of different States Parties, which

need not be contiguous and is nominated with the

consent of all States Parties concerned (serial

transnational property)

Serial nominations, whether from one State Party or multiple

139. States, may be submitted for evaluation over several

nomination cycles, provided that the first property nominated

is of outstanding universal value in its own right. States

Parties planning serial nominations phased over several

nomination cycles are encouraged to inform the Committee of

their intention in order to ensure better planning.

III.D Registration of nominations

On receipt of nominations from States Parties, the Secretariat

140. will acknowledge receipt, check for completeness and register

nominations. The Secretariat will forward complete

nominations to the relevant Advisory Bodies for evaluation. The

Secretariat will request any additional information from the

State Party and when required by Advisory Bodies. The

timetable for registration and processing of nominations is

detailed in paragraph 168. 35

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Decisions 26 COM 14 and

The Secretariat establishes and submits at each Committee

141. 28 COM 14B.57

session a list of all nominations received, including the date of

reception, an indication of their status "complete" or

"incomplete", as well as the date at which they are considered

as "complete" in conformity with paragraph 132.

A nomination passes through a cycle between the time of its

142. submission and the decision by the World Heritage Committee.

This cycle normally lasts one and a half years between

submission in February of Year 1 and the decision of the

Committee in June of Year 2.

III.E. Evaluation of nominations by the Advisory Bodies

The Advisory Bodies will evaluate whether or not properties

143. nominated by States Parties have outstanding universal value,

meet the conditions of integrity and/or authenticity and meet the

requirements of protection and management. The procedures

and format of ICOMOS and IUCN evaluations are described in

Annex 6.

Evaluations of cultural heritage nominations will be carried out

144. by ICOMOS.

Evaluations of natural heritage nominations will be carried out

145. by IUCN.

In the case of nominations of cultural properties in the category

146. of 'cultural landscapes', as appropriate, the evaluation will be

carried out by ICOMOS in consultation with IUCN. For mixed

properties, the evaluation will be carried out jointly by

ICOMOS and IUCN.

As requested by the World Heritage Committee or as necessary,

147. ICOMOS:

ICOMOS and IUCN will carry out to evaluate

thematic studies

proposed World Heritage properties in their regional, global or http://www.icomos.org/studi

es/

thematic context. These studies should be informed by a review

of the Tentative Lists submitted by States Parties and by reports IUCN:

of meetings on the harmonization of Tentative Lists, as well as http://www.iucn.org/themes/

by other technical studies performed by the Advisory Bodies wcpa/pubs/Worldheritage.ht

and qualified organizations and individuals. A list of those m

studies already completed may be found in section III of Annex

3, and on the Web addresses of the Advisory Bodies. These

studies should not be confused with the comparative analysis

to be prepared by States Parties in nominating properties for

inscription on the World Heritage List (see paragraph 132). Decision 28 COM

The following principles must guide the evaluations and

148. 14B.57.3

presentations of ICOMOS and IUCN. The evaluations and

presentations should:

36 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

a) adhere to the and the

World Heritage Convention

relevant and any additional

Operational Guidelines

policies set out by the Committee in its decisions;

b) be objective, rigorous and scientific in their evaluations;

c) be conducted to a consistent standard of

professionalism;

d) comply to standard format, both for evaluations and

presentations, to be agreed with the Secretariat and

include the name of the evaluator(s) who conducted

the site visit;

d) indicate clearly and separately whether the property

has outstanding universal value, meets the conditions

of integrity and/or authenticity, a management

plan/system and legislative protection;

f) evaluate each property systematically according to all

relevant criteria, including its state of conservation,

that is, by comparison with that of other

relatively,

properties of the same type, both inside and outside

the State Party's territory;

g) include references to Committee decisions and

requests concerning the nomination under

consideration; Decision 30 COM 13.13

h) not take into account or include any information

submitted by the State Party after as

28 February,

evidenced by the postmark, in the year in which the

nomination is considered. The State Party should be

informed when information has arrived after the

deadline and is not being taken into account in the

evaluation. This deadline should be rigorously

enforced; and

i) provide a justification for their views through a list of

references (literature) consulted, as appropriate. Decision 7 EXT.COM 4B.1

The Advisory Bodies are requested to forward to States Parties

149. by of each year any final question or request for

31 January

information that they may have after the examination of their

evaluation. 37

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Decision 7 EXT.COM 4B.1

The concerned States Parties are invited to send, at least two

150. working days before the opening of the session of the

Committee, a letter to the Chairperson, with copies to the

Advisory Bodies, detailing the factual errors they might have

identified in the evaluation of their nomination made by the

Advisory Bodies. This letter will be distributed in the working

languages to the members of the Committee and may be read by

the Chairperson following the presentation of the evaluation.

ICOMOS and IUCN make their recommendations under three

151. categories:

a) properties which are recommended for inscription

without reservation;

b) properties which are for inscription;

not recommended

c) nominations which are recommended for or

referral

deferral.

III.F Withdrawal of nominations

A State Party may a nomination it has submitted at

152. withdraw

any time prior to the Committee session at which it is scheduled

to be examined. The State Party should inform the Secretariat in

writing of its intention to withdraw the nomination. If the State

Party so wishes it can resubmit a nomination for the property,

which will be considered as a new nomination according to the

procedures and timetable outlined in paragraph 168.

III.G Decision of the World Heritage Committee

The World Heritage Committee decides whether a property

153. should or should not be inscribed on the World Heritage List,

referred or deferred.

Inscription

When deciding to inscribe a property on the World Heritage

154. List, the Committee, guided by the Advisory Bodies, adopts a

Statement of Outstanding Universal Value for the property.

The Statement of Outstanding Universal Value should include a

155. summary of the Committee's determination that the property has

outstanding universal value, identifying the criteria under which

the property was inscribed, including the assessments of the

conditions of integrity or authenticity, and of the requirements

for protection and management in force. The Statement of

Outstanding Universal Value shall be the basis for the future

protection and management of the property.

38 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

At the time of inscription, the Committee may also make other

156. recommendations concerning the protection and management of

the World Heritage property.

The Statement of Outstanding Universal Value (including the

157. criteria for which a specific property is inscribed on the World

Heritage List) will be set out by the Committee in its reports and

publications.

Decision not to inscribe

If the Committee decides that a property should

158. not be

on the World Heritage List, the nomination may not

inscribed

again be presented to the Committee except in exceptional

circumstances. These exceptional circumstances may include

new discoveries, new scientific information about the property,

or different criteria not presented in the original nomination. In

these cases, a new nomination shall be submitted.

Referral of Nominations

Nominations which the Committee decides back to the

159. to refer

State Party for additional information may be resubmitted to the

following Committee session for examination. The additional

information shall be submitted to the Secretariat by 1 February

of the year in which examination by the Committee is desired.

The Secretariat will immediately transmit it to the relevant

Advisory Bodies for evaluation. A referred nomination which

is not presented to the Committee within three years of the

original Committee decision will be considered as a new

nomination when it is resubmitted for examination, following

the procedures and timetable outlined in paragraph 168.

Deferral of Nominations

The Committee may decide a nomination for more in-

160. to defer

depth assessment or study, or a substantial revision by the State

Party. Should the State Party decide to resubmit the deferred

nomination, it shall be resubmitted to the Secretariat by 1

These nominations will then be revaluated by the

February.

relevant Advisory Bodies during the course of the full year and

a half evaluation cycle according to the procedures and

timetable outlined in paragraph 168.

III.H Nominations to be processed on an emergency basis

The normal timetable and definition of completeness for the

161. submission and processing of nominations will not apply in the

case of properties which, in the opinion of the relevant Advisory

Bodies, would meet the criteria for inscription

unquestionably

on the World Heritage List and which have suffered damage or 39

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

face serious and specific dangers from natural events or human

activities. Such nominations will be processed on an emergency

basis and may be inscribed simultaneously on the World

Heritage List and on the List of World Heritage in Danger (see

paragraphs 177-191).

162. The procedure for nominations to be processed on an

emergency basis is as follows:

a) A State Party presents a nomination with the request for

processing on an emergency basis. The State Party shall

have already included, or immediately include, the

property on its Tentative List.

b) The nomination shall:

i) describe and identify the property;

ii) justify its outstanding universal value according

to the criteria;

iii) justify its integrity and/or authenticity;

iv) describe its protection and management system;

v) describe the nature of the emergency, including

the nature and extent of the damage or danger

and showing that immediate action by the

Committee is necessary for the survival of the

property.

c) The Secretariat immediately transmits the nomination to

the relevant Advisory Bodies, requesting an assessment

of its outstanding universal value, and of the nature of

the emergency, damage and/or danger. A field visit may

be necessary if the relevant Advisory Bodies consider it

appropriate;

d) If the relevant Advisory Bodies determine that the

property unquestionably meets the criteria for

inscription, and that the requirements (see a) above) are

satisfied, the examination of the nomination will be

added to the agenda of the next session of the

Committee.

e) When reviewing the nomination the Committee will

also consider:

i) inscription on the List of World Heritage in

Danger;

ii) allocation of International Assistance to

complete the nomination; and

iii) follow-up missions as necessary by the

Secretariat and the relevant Advisory Bodies as

soon as possible after inscription.

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

40

III.I Modifications to the boundaries, to the criteria used to

justify inscription or to the name of a World Heritage

property

Minor modifications to the boundaries

A minor modification is one which has not a significant impact

163. on the extent of the property nor affects its outstanding universal

value.

If a State Party wishes to request a minor modification to the

164. boundaries of a property already on the World Heritage List, it

shall submit this by to the Committee through the

1 February

Secretariat, which will seek the advice of the relevant Advisory

Bodies. The Committee can approve such modification, or it

may consider that the modification to the boundary is

sufficiently important to constitute an extension of the property,

in which case the procedure for new nominations will apply.

Significant modifications to the boundaries

If a State Party wishes to significantly modify the boundary of a

165. property already on the World Heritage List, the State Party

shall submit this proposal as if it were a new nomination. This

re-nomination shall be presented by and will be

1 February

evaluated in the full year and a half cycle of evaluation

according to the procedures and timetable outlined in paragraph

168. This provision applies to extensions, as well as reductions.

Modifications to the criteria used to justify inscription on the

World Heritage List

Where a State Party wishes to have the property inscribed under

166. additional or different criteria other than those used for the

original inscription, it shall submit this request as if it were a

new nomination. This re-nomination shall be presented by 1

and will be evaluated in the full year and a half cycle

February

of evaluation according to the procedures and timetable outlined

in paragraph 168. Properties recommended will only be

evaluated under the new criteria and will remain on the World

Heritage List even if unsuccessful in having additional criteria

recognized.

Modification to the name of a World Heritage property

A State Party may request that the Committee authorize a

167. modification to the name of a property already inscribed on the

World Heritage List. A request for a modification to the name

shall be received by the Secretariat at least 3 months prior to 41

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

the meeting of the Committee.

III.J Timetable – overview

168. TIMETABLE PROCEDURES

Voluntary deadline for receipt of draft nominations

30 September (before Year 1) from States Parties by the Secretariat.

Secretariat to respond to the nominating State Party

15 November (before Year 1) concerning the completeness of the draft

nomination, and, if incomplete, to indicate the

missing information required to make the

nomination complete.

Deadline by which complete nominations must be

1 February Year 1 received by the Secretariat to be transmitted to the

relevant Advisory Bodies for evaluation.

Nominations shall be received by 17h00 GMT, or, if

the date falls on a weekend by 17h00 GMT the

preceeding Friday.

Nominations received after this date will be

examined in a future cycle.

Registration, assessment of completeness and

1 February – 1 March Year 1 transmission to the relevant Advisory Bodies.

The Secretariat registers each nomination,

acknowledges receipt to the nominating State Party

and inventories its contents. The Secretariat will

inform the nominating State Party whether or not the

nomination is complete.

Nominations that are not complete (see paragraph

132) will not be transmitted to the relevant Advisory

Bodies for evaluation. If a nomination is incomplete,

the State Party concerned will be advised of

information required to complete the nomination by

the deadline of 1 February of the following year in

order for the nomination to be examined in a future

cycle.

Nominations that are complete are transmitted to the

relevant Advisory Bodies for evaluation.

Deadline by which the Secretariat informs the State

1 March Year 1 Party of the receipt of a Nomination, whether it is

considered complete and whether it has been

received by 1 February.

Evaluation by the Advisory Bodies

March Year 1 – May Year 2

42 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

If necessary, the relevant Advisory Bodies may

31 January Year 2 request States Parties to submit additional

information during the evaluation and no later than

31 January Year 2.

Deadline by which additional information

28 February Year 2 requested by the relevant Advisory Bodies shall be

submitted by the State Party to them via the

Secretariat.

Additional information shall be submitted in the

same number of copies and electronic formats as

specified in Paragraph 132 to the Secretariat. To

avoid confusing new and old texts, if the additional

information submitted concerns changes to the main

text of the nomination, the State Party shall submit

these changes in an amended version of the original

text. The changes shall be clearly identified. An

electronic version (CD-ROM or diskette) of this new

text shall accompany the paper version.

The relevant Advisory Bodies deliver their

Six weeks prior to the annual World Heritage evaluations and recommendations to the Secretariat

Committee session Year 2 for transmission to the World Heritage Committee as

well as to States Parties.

Correction of factual errors by States Parties

At least two working days before the opening of

the annual World Heritage Committee session The concerned States Parties can send, at least two

Year 2 working days before the opening of the session of the

Committee, a letter to the Chairperson, with copies to

the Advisory Bodies, detailing the factual errors they

might have identified in the evaluation of their

nomination made by the Advisory Bodies.

The Committee examines the nominations and

Annual session of the World Heritage makes its decisions.

Committee (June/July) Year 2 Notification to the States Parties

Immediately following the annual session of the

World Heritage Committee The Secretariat notifies all States Parties whose

nominations have been examined by the Committee

of the relevant decisions of the Committee.

Following the decision of the World Heritage

Committee to inscribe a property on the World

Heritage List, the Secretariat writes to the State

Party and site managers providing a map of the

area inscribed and the Statement of Outstanding

Universal Value (to include reference to the criteria

met).

The Secretariat publishes the updated World Heritage

Immediately following the annual session of the List every year following the annual session of the

World Heritage Committee 43

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Committee.

The name of the States Parties having nominated the

properties inscribed on the World Heritage List are

presented in the published form of the List under the

following heading: “Contracting State having

submitted the nomination of the property in

accordance with the Convention".

The Secretariat forwards the published report of all

In the month following the closure of the annual the decisions of the World Heritage Committee to all

session of the World Heritage Committee States Parties.

44 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

IV. PROCESS FOR MONITORING THE STATE OF

CONSERVATION OF WORLD HERITAGE

PROPERTIES

IV.A Reactive Monitoring

Definition of Reactive Monitoring

Reactive Monitoring is the reporting by the Secretariat, other

169. sectors of UNESCO and the Advisory Bodies to the

Committee on the state of conservation of specific World

Heritage properties that are under threat. To this end, the

States Parties shall submit by to the Committee

1 February

through the Secretariat, specific reports and impact studies

each time exceptional circumstances occur or work is

undertaken which may have an effect on the state of

conservation of the property. Reactive Monitoring is also

foreseen in reference to properties inscribed, or to be

inscribed, on the List of World Heritage in Danger as set out

in paragraphs 177-

191.Reactive Monitoring is foreseen in

the procedures for the eventual deletion of properties from

the World Heritage List as set out in paragraphs 192- 198.

Objective of Reactive Monitoring Article 4 of the

When adopting the process of Reactive Monitoring, the Convention:

170. Committee was particularly concerned that all possible "Each State Party to this

measures should be taken to prevent the deletion of any Convention recognizes that the

property from the List and was ready to offer technical co- duty of ensuring the

identification, protection,

operation as far as possible to States Parties in this conservation, presentation and

connection. transmission to future

generations of the cultural and

natural heritage referred to in

Articles 1 and 2 and situated

on its territory, belongs

primarily to that State...".

The Committee recommends that States Parties co-operate

171. with the Advisory Bodies which have been asked by the

Committee to carry out monitoring and reporting on its behalf

on the progress of work undertaken for the preservation of

properties inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Information received from States Parties and/or other sources

The World Heritage Committee invites the States Parties to

172. the to inform the Committee, through the

Convention

Secretariat, of their intention to undertake or to authorize in

an area protected under the major restorations or

Convention

new constructions which may affect the outstanding

universal value of the property. Notice should be given as

soon as possible (for instance, before drafting basic 45

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

documents for specific projects) and before making any

decisions that would be difficult to reverse, so that the

Committee may assist in seeking appropriate solutions to

ensure that the outstanding universal value of the property is

fully preserved. Decision 27 COM 7B.106.2

The World Heritage Committee requests that reports of

173. missions to review the state of conservation of the World

Heritage properties include:

a) an indication of threats or significant improvement in

the conservation of the property since the last report

to the World Heritage Committee;

b) any follow-up to previous decisions of the World

Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of

the property;

c) information on any threat or damage to or loss of

outstanding universal value, integrity and/or

authenticity for which the property was inscribed on

the World Heritage List.

When the Secretariat receives information that a property

174. inscribed has seriously deteriorated, or that the necessary

corrective measures have not been taken within the time

proposed, from a source other than the State Party concerned,

it will, as far as possible, verify the source and the contents of

the information in consultation with the State Party concerned

and request its comments.

Decision by the World Heritage Committee

The Secretariat will request the relevant Advisory Bodies to

175. forward comments on the information received.

The information received, together with the comments of the

176. State Party and the Advisory Bodies, will be brought to the

attention of the Committee in the form of a state of

conservation report for each property, which may take one or

more of the following steps:

a) it may decide that the property has not seriously

deteriorated and that no further action should be taken;

b) when the Committee considers that the property has

seriously deteriorated, but not to the extent that its

restoration is impossible, it may decide that the

property be maintained on the List, provided that the

State Party takes the necessary measures to restore the

property within a reasonable period of time. The

46 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Committee may also decide that technical co-

operation be provided under the World Heritage

Fund for work connected with the restoration of the

property, proposing to the State Party to request such

assistance, if it has not already been done;

c) when the requirements and criteria set out in

paragraphs 177-

182 are met, the Committee may

decide to inscribe the property on the List of World

Heritage in Danger according to the procedures set out

in paragraphs 183-

189;

d) when there is evidence that the property has

deteriorated to the point where it has irretrievably lost

those characteristics which determined its inscription

on the List, the Committee may decide to delete the

property from the List. Before any such action is taken,

the Secretariat will inform the State Party concerned.

Any comments which the State Party may make will

be brought to the attention of the Committee;

e) when the information available is not sufficient to

enable the Committee to take one of the measures

described in a), b), c) or d) above, the Committee may

decide that the Secretariat be authorized to take the

necessary action to ascertain, in consultation with the

State Party concerned, the present condition of the

property, the dangers to the property and the feasibility

of adequately restoring the property, and to report to

the Committee on the results of its action; such

measures may include the sending of a fact-finding or

the consultation of specialists. In cases where

emergency action is required, the Committee may

authorize the financing from the World Heritage Fund

of the Emergency Assistance that is required.

IV.B The List of World Heritage in Danger

Guidelines for the inscription of properties on the List of

World Heritage in Danger

In accordance with Article 11, paragraph 4, of the

177. Convention,

the Committee may inscribe a property on the List of World

Heritage in Danger when the following requirements are met:

a) the property under consideration is on the World

Heritage List;

b) the property is threatened by serious and specific danger;

c) major operations are necessary for the conservation of 47

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

the property;

d) assistance under the has been requested for

Convention

the property; the Committee is of the view that its

assistance in certain cases may most effectively be

limited to messages of its concern, including the message

sent by inscription of a property on the List of World

Heritage in Danger and that such assistance may be

requested by any Committee member or the Secretariat.

Criteria for the inscription of properties on the List of World

Heritage in Danger

A World Heritage property - as defined in Articles 1 and 2 of

178. the - can be inscribed on the List of World

Convention

Heritage in Danger by the Committee when it finds that the

condition of the property corresponds to at least one of the

criteria in either of the two cases described below.

In the case of

179. cultural properties:

- The property is faced with

a) ASCERTAINED DANGER

specific and proven imminent danger, such as:

i) serious deterioration of materials;

ii) serious deterioration of structure and/or

ornamental features;

iii) serious deterioration of architectural or town-

planning coherence;

iv) serious deterioration of urban or rural space,

or the natural environment;

v) significant loss of historical authenticity;

vi) important loss of cultural significance.

48 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

b) POTENTIAL DANGER - The property is faced with

threats which could have deleterious effects on its

inherent characteristics. Such threats are, for example:

i) modification of juridical status of the property

diminishing the degree of its protection;

ii) lack of conservation policy;

iii) threatening effects of regional planning

projects;

iv) threatening effects of town planning;

v) outbreak or threat of armed conflict;

vi) gradual changes due to geological, climatic or

other environmental factors.

In the case of

180. natural properties:

- The property is faced with

a) ASCERTAINED DANGER

specific and proven imminent danger, such as:

i) A serious decline in the population of the

endangered species or the other species of

outstanding universal value for which the

property was legally established to protect,

either by natural factors such as disease or by

man-made factors such as poaching.

ii) Severe deterioration of the natural beauty or

scientific value of the property, as by human

settlement, construction of reservoirs which

flood important parts of the property, industrial

and agricultural development including use of

pesticides and fertilizers, major public works,

mining, pollution, logging, firewood collection,

etc.

iii) Human encroachment on boundaries or in

upstream areas which threaten the integrity of

the property.

b) POTENTIAL DANGER - The property is faced with

major threats which could have deleterious effects on its

inherent characteristics. Such threats are, for example:

i) a modification of the legal protective status of

the area;

ii) planned resettlement or development projects 49

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

within the property or so situated that the

impacts threaten the property;

iii) outbreak or threat of armed conflict;

iv) the management plan or management system is

lacking or inadequate, or not fully

implemented.

In addition, the factor or factors which are threatening the

181. integrity of the property must be those which are amenable to

correction by human action. In the case of cultural properties,

both natural factors and man-made factors may be threatening,

while in the case of natural properties, most threats will be

man-made and only very rarely a natural factor (such as an

epidemic disease) will threaten the integrity of the property. In

some cases, the factors threatening the integrity of a property

may be corrected by administrative or legislative action, such

as the cancelling of a major public works project or the

improvement of legal status.

The Committee may wish to bear in mind the following

182. supplementary factors when considering the inclusion of a

cultural or natural property in the List of World Heritage in

Danger:

a) Decisions which affect World Heritage properties are

taken by Governments after balancing all factors. The

advice of the World Heritage Committee can often be

decisive if it can be given before the property becomes

threatened.

b) Particularly in the case of ascertained danger, the

physical or cultural deteriorations to which a property

has been subjected should be judged according to the

intensity of its effects and analyzed case by case.

c) Above all in the case of potential danger to a property,

one should consider that:

i) the threat should be appraised according to the

normal evolution of the social and economic

framework in which the property is situated;

ii) it is often impossible to assess certain

threats - such as the threat of armed conflict - as

to their effect on cultural or natural properties;

iii) some threats are not imminent in nature, but

can only be anticipated, such as demographic

growth.

d) Finally, in its appraisal the Committee should take into

50 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

account any cause of unknown or unexpected origin

which endangers a cultural or natural property.

Procedure for the inscription of properties on the List of World

Heritage in Danger

When considering the inscription of a property on the List of

183. World Heritage in Danger, the Committee shall develop, and

adopt, as far as possible, in consultation with the State Party

concerned, a programme for corrective measures.

In order to develop the programme of corrective measures

184. referred to in the previous paragraph, the Committee shall

request the Secretariat to ascertain, as far as possible in co-

operation with the State Party concerned, the present condition

of the property, the dangers to the property and the feasibility

of undertaking corrective measures. The Committee may

further decide to send a mission of qualified observers from the

relevant Advisory Bodies or other organizations to visit the

property, evaluate the nature and extent of the threats and

propose the measures to be taken.

The information received, together with the comments as

185. appropriate of the State Party and the relevant Advisory Bodies

or other organizations, will be brought to the attention of the

Committee by the Secretariat.

The Committee shall examine the information available and

186. take a decision concerning the inscription of the property on

the List of World Heritage in Danger. Any such decision

shall be taken by a majority of two-thirds of the Committee

members present and voting. The Committee will then define

the programme of corrective action to be taken. This

programme will be proposed to the State Party concerned for

immediate implementation.

The State Party concerned shall be informed of the

187. Committee's decision and public notice of the decision shall

immediately be issued by the Committee, in accordance with

Article 11.4 of the Convention.

The Secretariat publishes the updated List of World Heritage in

188. Danger in printed form and is also available at the following

Web address: http://whc.unesco.org/en/danger

The Committee shall allocate a specific, significant portion

189. of the World Heritage Fund to financing of possible

assistance to World Heritage properties inscribed on the List

of World Heritage in Danger.

Regular review of the state of conservation of properties on the

List of World Heritage in Danger 51

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

The Committee shall review annually the state of conservation

190. of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger. This

review shall include such monitoring procedures and expert

missions as might be determined necessary by the Committee.

On the basis of these regular reviews, the Committee shall

191. decide, in consultation with the State Party concerned,

whether:

a) additional measures are required to conserve the

property;

b) to delete the property from the List of World Heritage

in Danger if the property is no longer under threat;

c) to consider the deletion of the property from both the

List of World Heritage in Danger and the World

Heritage List if the property has deteriorated to the

extent that it has lost those characteristics which

determined its inscription on the World Heritage List,

in accordance with the procedure set out in

paragraphs 192- 198.

IV.C Procedure for the eventual deletion of properties from the

World Heritage List

The Committee adopted the following procedure for the

192. deletion of properties from the World Heritage List in cases:

a) where the property has deteriorated to the extent that

it has lost those characteristics which determined its

inclusion in the World Heritage List; and

b) where the intrinsic qualities of a World Heritage site

were already threatened at the time of its nomination

by action of man and where the necessary corrective

measures as outlined by the State Party at the time,

have not been taken within the time proposed (see

paragraph 116).

When a property inscribed on the World Heritage List has

193. seriously deteriorated, or when the necessary corrective

measures have not been taken within the time proposed, the

State Party on whose territory the property is situated should so

inform the Secretariat.

When the Secretariat receives such information from a

194. source other than the State Party concerned, it will, as far as

possible, verify the source and the contents of the

information in consultation with the State Party concerned

and request its comments.

52 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

The Secretariat will request the relevant Advisory Bodies to

195. forward comments on the information received.

The Committee will examine all the information available

196. and will take a decision. Any such decision shall, in

accordance with Article 13 (8) of the be taken

Convention,

by a majority of two-thirds of its members present and

voting. The Committee shall not decide to delete any

property unless the State Party has been consulted on the

question.

The State Party shall be informed of the Committee's

197. decision and public notice of this decision shall be

immediately given by the Committee.

If the Committee's decision entails any modification to the

198. World Heritage List, this modification will be reflected in the

next updated List that is published. 53

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

V. PERIODIC REPORTING ON THE

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE WORLD HERITAGE

CONVENTION

V.A Objectives Article 29 of the

States Parties are requested to submit reports to the World

199. and

Heritage Convention

UNESCO General Conference through the World Heritage Resolutions of the 11th

Committee on the legislative and administrative provisions session of the General

Assembly of States Parties

they have adopted and other actions which they have taken th session of

(1997) and the 29

for the application of the including the state of

Convention, the UNESCO General

conservation of the World Heritage properties located on Conference.

their territories.

States Parties may request expert advice from the Advisory

200. Bodies and the Secretariat, which may also (with agreement

of the States Parties concerned) commission further expert

advice.

Periodic Reporting serves four main purposes:

201. a) to provide an assessment of the application of the

by the State Party;

World Heritage Convention

b) to provide an assessment as to whether the outstanding

universal value of the properties inscribed on the World

Heritage List is being maintained over time;

c) to provide up-dated information about the World

Heritage properties to record the changing

circumstances and state of conservation of the

properties;

d) to provide a mechanism for regional co-operation and

exchange of information and experiences between

States Parties concerning the implementation of the

and World Heritage conservation.

Convention

Periodic Reporting is important for more effective long term

202. conservation of the properties inscribed, as well as to

strengthen the credibility of the implementation of the

Convention.

V.B. Procedure and Format Decision 22 COM VI.7

World Heritage Committee:

203. a) adopted the Format and Explanatory Notes set out in

Annex 7;

b) invited States Parties to submit periodic reports every

54 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

six years;

c) decided to examine the States Parties’ periodic

reports region by region according to the following

table: Examination of Year of Examination

Region properties inscribed up by Committee

to and including

Arab States 1992 December 2000

Africa 1993 December 2001/July

2002

Asia and the Pacific 1994 June-July 2003

Latin America and the 1995 June-July2004

Caribbean

Europe and North 1996/1997 June-July 2005/2006

America

d) requested the Secretariat, jointly with the Advisory

Bodies, and making use of States Parties, competent

institutions and expertise available within the region,

to develop regional strategies for the periodic

reporting process as per the timetable established

under c) above.

The above-mentioned regional strategies should respond to

204. specific characteristics of the regions and should promote co-

ordination and synchronization between States Parties,

particularly in the case of transboundary properties. The

Secretariat will consult States Parties with regard to the

development and implementation of those regional strategies.

After the first six-year cycle of periodic reports, each region

205. will be assessed again in the same order as indicated in the

table above. Following the first six-year cycle, there may be

a pause for evaluation to assess and revise the periodic

reporting mechanism before a new cycle is initiated. This Format was adopted by the

The Format for the periodic reports by the States Parties

206. Committee at its 22nd session

consists of two sections: (Kyoto 1998) and may be

revised following the

completion of the first cycle of

a) refers to the legislative and administrative

Section I Periodic Reporting in 2006. For

provisions which the State Party has adopted and other this reason, the Format has not

actions which it has taken for the application of the been revised.

together with details of the experience

Convention,

acquired in this field. This particularly concerns the

general obligations defined in specific articles of the

Convention. 55

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

b) refers to the state of conservation of specific

Section II

World Heritage properties located on the territory of the

State Party concerned. This Section should be

completed for each World Heritage property.

Explanatory Notes are provided with the Format in Annex 7.

In order to facilitate management of information, States

207. Parties are requested to submit reports, in English or French,

in electronic as well as in printed form to :

UNESCO World Heritage Centre

7, place de Fontenoy

75352 Paris 07 SP

France

Tél: +33 (0)1 45 68 15 71

Fax: +33 (0)1 45 68 55 70

Email: wh-info@unesco.org

V.C Evaluation and Follow Up

The Secretariat consolidates national reports into Regional

208. State of the World Heritage reports, which are available in

electronic format at the following Web address

http://whc.unesco.org/en/publications and in paper version

(series World Heritage Papers).

The World Heritage Committee carefully reviews issues

209. raised in Periodic Reports and advises the States Parties of

the regions concerned on matters arising from them.

The Committee requested the Secretariat with the Advisory

210. Bodies, in consultation with the relevant States Parties, to

develop long-term follow-up Regional Programmes

structured according to its Strategic Objectives and to submit

them for its consideration. These should accurately reflect the

needs of World Heritage in the Region and facilitate the

granting of International Assistance. The Committee also

expressed its support to ensure direct links between the

Strategic Objectives and the International Assistance.

56 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

VI. ENCOURAGING SUPPORT FOR THE WORLD

HERITAGE CONVENTION Article 27 of the World

VI.A Objectives Heritage Convention

The objectives are:

211. a) to enhance capacity-building and research;

b) to raise the general public’s awareness, understanding

and appreciation of the need to preserve cultural and

natural heritage;

c) to enhance the function of World Heritage in the life Article 5(a) of the World

of the community; and Heritage Convention

d) to increase the participation of local and national

populations in the protection and presentation of

heritage.

VI.B Capacity-building and research Budapest Declaration on World

The Committee seeks to develop capacity-building within the

212. Heritage (2002)

States Parties in conformity with its Strategic Objectives.

The Global Training Strategy Global Training Strategy for

Recognizing the high level of skills and multidisciplinary

213. World Cultural and Natural

approach necessary for the protection, conservation, and Heritage adopted by the World

presentation of the World Heritage, the Committee has Heritage Committee at its 25th

session (Helsinki, Finland,

adopted a Global Training Strategy for World Cultural and 2001) (see ANNEX X of

Natural Heritage. The primary goal of the Global Training document WHC-

Strategy is to ensure that necessary skills are developed by a 01/CONF.208/24).

wide range of actors for better implementation of the

In order to avoid overlap and effectively

Convention.

implement the Strategy, the Committee will ensure links to

other initiatives such as the Global Strategy for a

Representative, Balanced and Credible World Heritage List

and Periodic Reporting. The Committee will annually review

relevant training issues, assess training needs, review annual

reports on training initiatives, and make recommendations

for future training initiatives.

National training strategies and regional co-operation

States Parties are encouraged to ensure that their

214. professionals and specialists at all levels are adequately

trained. To this end, States Parties are encouraged to develop

national training strategies and include regional co-operation

for training as part of their strategies. 57

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Research

The Committee develops and coordinates international co-

215. operation in the area of research needed for the effective

implementation of the States Parties are also

Convention.

encouraged to make resources available to undertake

research, since knowledge and understanding are

fundamental to the identification, management, and

monitoring of World Heritage properties.

International Assistance

Training and Research Assistance may be requested by

216. States Parties from the World Heritage Fund (see

Chapter VII).

VI.C Awareness-raising and education

Awareness-raising

States Parties are encouraged to raise awareness of the need

217. to preserve World Heritage. In particular, they should ensure

that World Heritage status is adequately marked and

promoted on-site.

The Secretariat provides assistance to States Parties in

218. developing activities aimed at raising public awareness of the

and informing the public of the dangers

Convention

threatening World Heritage. The Secretariat advises States

Parties regarding the preparation and implementation of on-

site promotional and educational projects to be funded

through International Assistance. The Advisory Bodies and

appropriate State agencies may also be solicited to provide

advice on such projects.

Education

The World Heritage Committee encourages and supports the

219. development of educational materials, activities and

programmes.

International Assistance Article 27.2 of the

States Parties are encouraged to develop educational World

220. Heritage Convention

activities related to World Heritage with, wherever possible,

the participation of schools, universities, museums and other

local and national educational authorities.

58 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

"World Heritage in Young

The Secretariat, in co-operation with the UNESCO

221. Hands" is available at the

Education Sector and other partners, produces and publishes following Web address

a World Heritage Educational Resource Kit, "World Heritage http://whc.unesco.org/educatio

n/index.htm

in Young Hands", for use in secondary schools around the

world. The Kit is adaptable for use at other educational

levels.

International Assistance may be requested by States Parties

222. from the World Heritage Fund for the purpose of developing

and implementing awareness-raising and educational

activities or programmes (see Chapter VII). 59

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

VII. THE WORLD HERITAGE FUND AND

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE

VII.A The World Heritage Fund Article 15 of the

The World Heritage Fund is a trust fund, established by the World

223. Heritage Convention.

in conformity with the provisions of the

Convention

Financial Regulations of UNESCO. The resources of the

Fund consist of compulsory and voluntary contributions

made by States Parties to the and any other

Convention,

resources authorized by the Fund’s regulations.

The financial regulations for the Fund are set out in document

224. WHC/7 available at the following Web address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/financialregulations

VII.B. Mobilization of other technical and financial resources

and partnerships in support of the World Heritage

Convention

To the extent possible, the World Heritage Fund should be

225. used to mobilize additional funds for International

Assistance from other sources.

The Committee decided that contributions offered to the

226. World Heritage Fund for international assistance campaigns

and other UNESCO projects for any property inscribed on

the World Heritage List shall be accepted and used as

international assistance pursuant to Section V of the

and in conformity with the modalities

Convention,

established for carrying out the campaign or project. Article 15(3) of the

States Parties are invited to provide support to the World

227. Heritage Convention

in addition to obligatory contributions paid to the

Convention

World Heritage Fund. This voluntary support can be

provided through additional contributions to the World

Heritage Fund or direct financial and technical contributions

to properties.

States Parties are encouraged to participate in international

228. fund-raising campaigns launched by UNESCO and aimed at

protecting World Heritage.

States Parties and others who anticipate making contributions

229. towards these campaigns or other UNESCO projects for World

Heritage properties are encouraged to make their contributions

through the World Heritage Fund. Article 17 of the

States Parties are encouraged to promote the establishment World

230. Heritage Convention

of national, public and private foundations or associations

60 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

aimed at raising funds to support World Heritage

conservation efforts.

The Secretariat provides support in mobilizing financial and

231. technical resources for World Heritage conservation. To this

end, the Secretariat develops partnerships with public and

private institutions in conformity with the Decisions and the

Guidelines issued by the World Heritage Committee and

UNESCO regulations. "Directives concerning

The Secretariat should refer to the “Directives concerning

232. UNESCO's co-operation with

UNESCO’s co-operation with private extra-budgetary private extra-budgetary

funding sources” and “Guidelines for mobilizing private funding sources" (Annex to

the Decision 149 EX/Dec. 7.5)

funds and criteria for selecting potential partners” to govern and "Guidelines for

external fund-raising in favour of the World Heritage Fund. mobilizing private funds and

These documents are available at the following Web address: criteria for selecting potential

partners" (Annex to the

http://whc.unesco.org/en/privatefunds Decision 156 EX/Dec. 9.4)

VII.C International Assistance See Articles 13 (1&2) and 19-

The provides International Assistance to States

233. Convention 26 of the World Heritage

Parties for the protection of the world cultural and natural Convention.

heritage located on their territories and inscribed, or

potentially suitable for inscription on the World Heritage

List. International Assistance should be seen as

supplementary to national efforts for the conservation and

management of World Heritage and Tentative List properties

when adequate resources cannot be secured at the national

level. Section IV of the

International Assistance is primarily financed from the World

234. Heritage Convention

World Heritage Fund, established under the World Heritage

Convention. The Committee determines the budget for

International Assistance on a biennial basis. Decision 30 COM 14A

The World Heritage Committee co-ordinates and allocates

235. types of International Assistance in response to State Party

requests. These types of International Assistance, described

in the summary table set out below, in order of priority are:

a) Emergency assistance

b) Preparatory assistance

c) Conservation and Management assistance

(incorporating assistance for training and research,

technical co-operation and promotion and education). 61

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

VII.D Principles and priorities for International Assistance Article 13(1) of the

Priority is given to International Assistance for properties World

236. Heritage Convention.

inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The

Committee created a specific budget line to ensure that a

significant portion of assistance from the World Heritage Fund

is allocated to properties inscribed on the List of World

Heritage in Danger. Decision 13 COM XII.34

States Parties in arrears of payment of their compulsory or

237. voluntary contributions to the World Heritage Fund are not

eligible for international assistance, it being understood that

this provision does not apply to requests for emergency

assistance. Decisions 26 COM 17.2,

To support its Strategic Objectives, the Committee also

238. 26 COM 20 and 26 COM 25.3

allocates International Assistance in conformity with the

priorities set out by Regional Programmes. These

Programmes are adopted as follow up to Periodic Reports

and regularly reviewed by the Committee based on the needs

of States Parties identified in Periodic Reports (see

chapter V).

In addition to the priorities outlined in paragraphs 236- 238

239. above, the following considerations govern the Committee's

decisions in granting International Assistance:

a) the likelihood that the assistance will have a catalytic

and multiplier effect (“seed money”) and promote

financial and technical contributions from other

sources; Decision 31 COM 18B

b) when funds available are limited and a selection has

to be made, preference is given to:

• a Least Developed Country or Low Income

Economy as defined by the United Nations

Economic and Social Council's Committee for

Development Policy, or

• a Lower Middle Income Country as defined by

the World Bank, or

• a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), or

• a State Party in a post-conflict situation;

c) the urgency of the protective measures to be taken at

World Heritage properties;

d) whether the legislative, administrative and, wherever

possible, financial commitment of the recipient State

Party is available to the activity; Paragraph 26 of

e) the impact of the activity on furthering the Strategic Operational

Guidelines

62 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Objectives decided by the Committee; Decision 20 COM XII

f) the degree to which the activity responds to needs

identified through the reactive monitoring process

and/or the analysis of regional Periodic Reports;

g) the exemplary value of the activity in respect to

scientific research and the development of cost

effective conservation techniques;

h) the cost of the activity and expected results; and

i) the educational value both for the training of experts

and for the general public. 65% of the total International

A balance will be maintained in the allocation of resources to

240. Assistance budget is set aside

activities for cultural and natural heritage. This balance is for cultural properties and 35%

reviewed and decided upon on a regular basis by the for natural properties

Committee. Decision 31 COM 18B

VII.E Summary Table

241. Deadline for Authority for

Type of Purpose Budget ceilings submission of approval

international request

assistance

Emergency This assistance may be requested to address ascertained or Up to US$ At any time Director of the

Assistance potential threats facing properties included on the List of World 5.000 World Heritage

Heritage in Danger and the World Heritage List which have Centre

suffered severe damage or are in imminent danger of severe

damage due to sudden, unexpected phenomena. Such phenomena

may include land subsidence, extensive fires, explosions, At any time Chairperson of

Between US$

flooding or man-made disasters including war. This assistance the Committee

5.001 and

does not concern cases of damage or deterioration caused by 75.000

gradual processes of decay, pollution or erosion. It addresses

emergency situations strictly relating to the conservation of a

World Heritage property (see Decision 28 COM 10B 2.c). It may 1 February Committee

Over US$

be made available, if necessary, to more than one World Heritage 75.000

property in a single State Party (see Decision 6 EXT. COM 15.2).

The budget ceilings relate to a single World Heritage property.

The assistance may be requested to :

(i) undertake emergency measures for the safeguarding

of the property;

(ii) draw up an emergency plan for the property. 63

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Preparatory This assistance may be requested to: Up to US$ At any time Director of the

assistance 5.000 World Heritage

(i) prepare or update national Tentative Lists of Centre

properties suitable for inscription on the World

Heritage List; At any time Chairperson of

Between US$ the Committee

5.001 and

(ii) organize meetings for the harmonization of national 30.000

Tentative Lists within the same geo-cultural area;

(iii) prepare nominations of properties for inscription on

the World Heritage List (this may include the

preparation of a comparative analysis of the

property in relation to other similar properties (see

3.c of Annex 5);

(iv) prepare requests for training and research assistance

and for technical co-operation for World Heritage

properties.

Requests by States Parties whose heritage in un-represented or

under-represented in the World Heritage List will be given

priority for preparatory assistance.

Conservation This assistance may be requested for:

and

Management Only for Only for

Only for

(i) the training of staff and specialists at all levels in

Assistance requests falling requests falling

requests falling

the fields of identification, monitoring, under items (i) under items (i)

under items (i)

conservation, management and presentation of

(incorporating to (vi): to (vi):

to (vi):

World Heritage, with an emphasis on group

Training and training;

Research Up to US$ At any time Director of the

assistance, (ii) scientific research benefiting World Heritage 5.000 World Heritage

Technical co- properties; Centre

operation

assistance and (iii) studies on the scientific and technical problems of

Promotion and At any time Chairperson of

conservation, management, and presentation of Between US$

education the Committee

World Heritage properties. 5.001 and

assistance) 30.000

Note: Requests for support for individual training

courses from UNESCO should be submitted on the 1 February Committee

standard “Application for fellowship” form Over US$

available from the Secretariat. 30.000

(iv) provision of experts, technicians and skilled labour

for the conservation, management, and presentation

of properties inscribed on the List of World

Heritage in Danger and the World Heritage List;

(v) supply of equipment which the State Party requires

for the conservation, management, and presentation

of properties inscribed on the List of World

Heritage in Danger and the World Heritage List;

(vi) low-interest or interest-free loans for undertaking

activities for the conservation, management, and

presentation of properties inscribed on the List of

World Heritage in Danger and the World Heritage

List, which may be repayable on a long-term basis.

(vii) At the regional and international levels for

Programmes, activities and the holding of meetings Only for Only for Only for

that could: requests falling requests falling requests falling

- help to create interest in the within the under items under items under items (vii)

Convention

countries of a given region; (vii) and (viii): (vii) and (viii): and (viii):

- create a greater awareness of the different issues

related to the implementation of the to

Convention Up to US$ At any time Director of the

promote more active involvement in its 5,000 World Heritage

application; Centre

- be a means of exchanging experiences;

- stimulate joint education, information and Between US$

promotional programmes and activities, 5,001 and At any time Chairperson of

especially when they involve the participation of 10,000 the Committee

young people for the benefit of World Heritage

64 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

conservation.

(viii) At the national level for:

- meetings specifically organized to make the

better known, especially amongst

Convention

young people, or for the creation of national

World Heritage associations, in accordance with

Article 17 of the Convention;

- preparation and discussion of education and

information material (such as brochures,

publications, exhibitions, films, multimedia tools)

for the general promotion of the and

Convention

the World Heritage List and not for the promotion

of a particular property, and especially for young

people.

VII.F Procedure and format

All States Parties submitting requests for international

242. assistance are encouraged to consult the Secretariat and the

Advisory Bodies during the conceptualization, planning and

elaboration of each request. To facilitate States Parties’ work,

examples of successful international assistance requests may

be provided upon request.

The application form for International Assistance is presented

243. in Annex 8 and the types, amounts, deadlines for submission

and the authorities responsible for approval are outlined in the

summary table in Chapter VII.E.

The request should be submitted in English or French, duly

244. signed and transmitted by the National Commission for

UNESCO, the State Party Permanent Delegation to UNESCO

and/or appropriate governmental Department or Ministry to the

following address:

UNESCO World Heritage Centre

7, place de Fontenoy

75352 Paris 07 SP

France

Tel: +33 (0) 1 4568 1276

Fax: +33 (0) 1 4568 5570

E-mail: wh-intassistance@unesco.org

Requests for international assistance may be submitted by

245. electronic mail by the State Party but must be accompanied by

an officially signed hard copy or be filled-in using the online

format on the World Heritage Centre’s Website at the

following address: http://whc.unesco.org 65

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

It is important that all information requested in this

246. application form is provided. If appropriate or necessary,

requests may be supplemented by additional information,

reports, etc.

VII.G Evaluation and approval of International Assistance

requests

Provided that a request for assistance from a State Party is

247. complete, the Secretariat, with the assistance of the Advisory

Bodies, for requests above US$ 5,000, will process each

request in a timely manner, as follows. Decision 13 COM XII.34

All requests for international assistance for cultural heritage

248. Decision 31 COM 18B

are evaluated by ICOMOS and ICCROM, except requests for

less than US$ 5,000. Decision 31 COM 18B

All requests for international assistance for mixed heritage are

249. evaluated by ICOMOS, ICCROM and IUCN, except requests

for less than US$ 5,000. Decision 31 COM 18B

All requests for international assistance for natural heritage are

250. evaluated by IUCN, except requests for less than US$ 5,000. Decision 31 COM 18B

The evaluation criteria used by the Advisory Bodies are

251. outlined in Annex 9. Decision 31 COM 18B

All requests for International Assistance of more than US$

252. 5,000 are evaluated by a panel composed of the Chairperson

of the World Heritage Committee, or one vice-chairperson,

representatives of the World Heritage Centre Regional Desks

and the Advisory Bodies, meeting at least twice a year before

action by the Chairperson and Committee. Requests for the

approval of the Chairperson can be submitted at anytime to

the Secretariat and approved by the Chairperson after

appropriate evaluation.

The Chairperson is not authorized to approve requests

253. submitted by his own country. These will be examined by the

Committee.

All requests for the approval of the Committee should be

254. received by the Secretariat on or before These

1 February.

requests are submitted to the Committee at its next session.

VII.H Contractual Arrangements

Agreements are established between UNESCO and the

255. concerned State Party or its representative(s) for the

implementation of the approved International Assistance

requests in conformity with UNESCO regulations, following

66 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

the work plan and budget breakdown described in the

originally approved request.

VII.I Evaluation and follow-up of International Assistance

The monitoring and evaluation of the implemention of the

256. International Assistance requests will take place within 3

months of the activities’ completion. The results of these

evaluations will be collated and maintained by the

Secretariat in collaboration with the Advisory Bodies and

examined by the Committee on a regular basis.

The Committee reviews the implementation, evaluation and

257. follow-up of International Assistance in order to evaluate the

International Assistance effectiveness and to redefine its

priorities. 67

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

VIII. THE WORLD HERITAGE EMBLEM

VIII.A Preamble

At its second session (Washington, 1978), the Committee

258. adopted the World Heritage Emblem which had been

designed by Mr. Michel Olyff. This Emblem symbolizes the

interdependence of cultural and natural properties: the

central square is a form created by man and the circle

represents nature, the two being intimately linked. The

Emblem is round, like the world, but at the same time it is a

symbol of protection. It symbolizes the signifies

Convention,

the adherence of States Parties to the and serves

Convention,

to identify properties inscribed in the World Heritage List. It

is associated with public knowledge about the Convention

and is the imprimatur of the credibility and

Convention's

prestige. Above all, it is a representation of the universal

values for which the stands.

Convention

The Committee decided that the Emblem proposed by the

259. artist could be used, in any colour or size, depending on the

use, the technical possibilities and considerations of an

artistic nature. The Emblem should always carry the text

"WORLD HERITAGE . PATRIMOINE MONDIAL". The

space occupied by "PATRIMONIO MUNDIAL" can be used

for its translation into the national language of the country

where the Emblem is to be used.

In order to ensure the Emblem benefits from as much

260. visibility as possible while preventing improper uses, the

Committee at its twenty-second session (Kyoto, 1998)

adopted "Guidelines and Principles for the Use of the World

Heritage Emblem" as set out in the following paragraphs.

Although there is no mention of the Emblem in the

261. its use has been promoted by the Committee to

Convention,

identify properties protected by the and inscribed

Convention

on the World Heritage List since its adoption in 1978.

The World Heritage Committee is responsible for

262. determining the use of the World Heritage Emblem and for

making policy prescriptions regarding how it may be used. Decision 26 COM 15

As requested by the Committee at its 26th session (Budapest,

263. 2002), the World Heritage Emblem, the “World Heritage”

name and its derivatives are currently being registered under

Article 6ter of the Paris Convention for the Protection of

Industrial Property and are therefore protected.

68 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

The Emblem also has fund-raising potential that can be used

264. to enhance the marketing value of products with which it is

associated. A balance is needed between the Emblem's use

to further the aims of the and optimize

Convention

knowledge of the worldwide and the need to

Convention

prevent its abuse for inaccurate, inappropriate, and

unauthorized commercial or other purposes.

The Guidelines and Principles for the Use of the Emblem

265. and modalities for quality control should not become an

obstacle to co-operation for promotional activities.

Authorities responsible for reviewing and deciding on uses

of the Emblem (see below) need parameters on which to

base their decisions.

VIII.B Applicability

The Guidelines and Principles proposed herein cover all

266. proposed uses of the Emblem by:

a. The World Heritage Centre;

b. The UNESCO Publishing Office and other UNESCO

offices;

c. Agencies or National Commissions, responsible for

implementing the in each State Party;

Convention

d. World Heritage properties;

e. Other contracting parties, especially those operating

for predominantly commercial purposes.

VIII.C Responsibilities of States Parties

States Parties to the should take all possible

267. Convention

measures to prevent the use of the Emblem in their

respective countries by any group or for any purpose not

explicitly recognized by the Committee. States Parties are

encouraged to make full use of national legislation

including Trade Mark Laws.

VIII.D Increasing proper uses of the World Heritage

Emblem

Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List should be

268. marked with the emblem jointly with the UNESCO logo,

which should, however, be placed in such a way that they

do not visually impair the property in question.

Production of plaques to commemorate the inscription of

properties on the World Heritage List

Once a property is inscribed on the World Heritage List, the

269. 69

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

State Party should place a plaque, whenever possible, to

commemorate this inscription. These plaques are designed

to inform the public of the country concerned and foreign

visitors that the property visited has a particular value which

has been recognized by the international community. In

other words, the property is exceptional, of interest not only

to one nation, but also to the whole world. However, these

plaques have an additional function which is to inform the

general public about the or at

World Heritage Convention

least about the World Heritage concept and the World

Heritage List.

The Committee has adopted the following Guidelines for

270. the production of these plaques:

a) the plaque should be so placed that it can easily be seen

by visitors, without disfiguring the property;

b) the World Heritage Emblem should appear on the plaque;

c) the text should mention the property's outstanding

universal value; in this regard it might be useful to give a

short description of the property's outstanding

characteristics. States Parties may, if they wish, use the

descriptions appearing in the various World Heritage

publications or in the World Heritage exhibit, and which

may be obtained from the Secretariat;

d) the text should make reference to the World Heritage

and particularly to the World Heritage List

Convention

and to the international recognition conferred by

inscription on this List (however, it is not necessary to

mention at which session of the Committee the property

was inscribed); it may be appropriate to produce the text

in several languages for properties which receive many

foreign visitors.

The Committee proposes the following text as an example:

271. "(Name of property) has been inscribed upon the World

Heritage List of the Convention concerning the Protection

Inscription on

of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage.

this List confirms the outstanding universal value of a

cultural or natural property which deserves protection for

the benefit of all humanity."

This text could be then followed by a brief description of

272. the property concerned.

Furthermore, the national authorities should encourage

273. World Heritage properties to make a broad use of the

70 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Emblem such as on their letterheads, brochures and staff

uniforms.

Third parties which have received the right to produce

274. communication products related to the World Heritage

and World Heritage properties must give the

Convention

Emblem proper visibility. They should avoid creating a

different Emblem or logo for that particular product.

VIII.E Principles on the use of the World Heritage Emblem

The responsible authorities are henceforth requested to use

275. the following principles in making decisions on the use of

the Emblem:

a) The Emblem should be utilized for all projects

substantially associated with the work of the

including, to the maximum extent

Convention,

technically and legally possible, those already

approved and adopted, in order to promote the

Convention.

b) A decision to approve use of the Emblem should be

linked strongly to the quality and content of the

product with which it is to be associated, not on the

volume of products to be marketed or the financial

return expected. The main criterion for approval

should be the educational, scientific, cultural, or

artistic value of the proposed product related to World

Heritage principles and values. Approval should not

routinely be granted to place the Emblem on products

that have no, or extremely little, educational value,

such as cups, T-shirts, pins, and other tourist

souvenirs. Exceptions to this policy will be considered

for special events, such as meetings of the Committee

and ceremonies at which plaques are unveiled.

c) Any decision with respect to authorizing the use of the

Emblem must be completely unambiguous and in

keeping with the explicit and implicit goals and values

of the World Heritage Convention.

d) Except when authorized in accordance with these

principles it is not legitimate for commercial entities

to use the Emblem directly on their own material to

show their support for World Heritage. The

Committee recognizes, however, that any individual,

organization, or company is free to publish or produce

whatever they consider to be appropriate regarding

World Heritage properties, but official authorization to

do so under the World Heritage Emblem remains the

exclusive prerogative of the Committee, to be 71

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

exercised as prescribed in these Guidelines and

Principles.

e) Use of the Emblem by other contracting parties should

normally only be authorized when the proposed use

deals directly with World Heritage properties. Such

uses may be granted after approval by the national

authorities of the countries concerned.

f) In cases where no specific World Heritage properties

are involved or are not the principal focus of the

proposed use, such as general seminars and/or

workshops on scientific issues or conservation

techniques, use may be granted only upon express

approval in accordance with these Guidelines and

Principles. Requests for such uses should specifically

document the manner in which the proposed use is

expected to enhance the work of the Convention.

g) Permission to use the Emblem should not be granted

to travel agencies, airlines, or to any other type of

business operating for predominantly commercial

purposes, except under exceptional circumstances and

when manifest benefit to the World Heritage generally

or particular World Heritage properties can be

demonstrated. Requests for such use should require

approval in accordance with these Guidelines and

Principles and the concurrence of the national

authorities of countries specifically concerned.

The Secretariat is not to accept any advertising, travel,

or other promotional considerations from travel

agencies or other, similar companies in exchange or in

lieu of financial remuneration for use of the Emblem.

h) When commercial benefits are anticipated, the

Secretariat should ensure that the World Heritage

Fund receives a fair share of the revenues and

conclude a contract or other agreement that documents

the nature of the understandings that govern the

project and the arrangements for provision of income

to the Fund. In all cases of commercial use, any staff

time and related costs for personnel assigned by the

Secretariat or other reviewers, as appropriate, to any

initiative, beyond the nominal, must be fully covered

by the party requesting authorization to use the

Emblem.

National authorities are also called upon to ensure that

their properties or the World Heritage Fund receive a

fair share of the revenues and to document the nature

of the understandings that govern the project and the

72 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

distribution of any proceeds. "Directives concerning

UNESCO's co-operation with

i) If sponsors are sought for manufacturing products private extra-budgetary

funding sources" (Annex to

whose distribution the Secretariat considers necessary, the Decision 149 EX/Dec. 7.5)

the choice of partner or partners should be consistent, and "Guidelines for

at a minimum, with the criteria set forth in the mobilizing private funds and

criteria for selecting potential

"Directives concerning UNESCO's co-operation with partners" (Annex to the

private extra-budgetary funding sources" and Decision 156 EX/Dec. 9.4)

"Guidelines for mobilizing private funds and criteria

for selecting potential partners" and with such further

fund-raising guidance as the Committee may

prescribe. The necessity for such products should be

clarified and justified in written presentations that will

require approval in such manner as the Committee

may prescribe.

VIII.F Authorization procedure for the use of the World

Heritage Emblem

Simple agreement of the national authorities

National authorities may grant the use of the Emblem to a

276. national entity, provided that the project, whether national

or international, involves only World Heritage properties

located on the same national territory. National authorities’

decision should be guided by the Guidelines and Principles. Circular letter dated 14 April

States Parties are invited to provide the Secretariat with the

277. 1999

names and addresses of the authorities in charge of http://whc.unesco.org/circs/circ

managing the use of the Emblem. 99-4e.pdf

Agreement requiring quality control of content

Any other request for authorization to use the Emblem

278. should adopt the following procedure:

a) A request indicating the objective of the use of the

Emblem, its duration and territorial validity, should

be addressed to the Director of the World Heritage

Centre.

b) The Director of the World Heritage Centre has the

authority to grant the use of the Emblem in

accordance with the Guidelines and Principles. For

cases not covered, or not sufficiently covered, by the

Guidelines and Principles, the Director refers the

matter to the Chairperson who, in the most difficult

cases, might wish to refer the matter to the

Committee for final decision. A yearly report on the

authorized uses of the Emblem will be submitted to

the World Heritage Committee. 73

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

c) Authorization to use the Emblem in major products

to be widely distributed over an undetermined

period of time is conditional upon obtaining the

manufacturer’s commitment to consult with

countries concerned and secure their endorsement of

texts and images illustrating properties situated in

their territory, at no cost to the Secretariat, together

with the proof that this has been done. The text to be

approved should be provided in either one of the

official languages of the Committee or in the

language of the country concerned. A draft model to

be used by States Parties to authorize the use of the

Emblem to third parties appears below.

Content Approval Form: officially identified as

[Name of responsible national body],

the body responsible for approving the content of the texts and

photos relating to the World Heritage properties located in the

territory of hereby confirms to

[name of country], [name of

that the text and the images that it has submitted

producer]

for the World Heritage property(ies) are

[name of properties]

[approved] [approved subject to the following changes

requested] [are not approved]

(delete whatever entry does not apply, and provide, as needed,

a corrected copy of the text or a signed list of corrections).

Notes:

It is recommended that the initials of the responsible national

official be affixed to each page of text.

The National Authorities are given one month from their

acknowledged receipt in which to authorize the content,

following which the producers may consider that the content

has been tacitly approved, unless the responsible National

Authorities request in writing a longer period.

Texts should be supplied to the National Authorities in one of

the two official languages of the Committee, or in the official

language (or in one of the official languages) of the country in

which the properties are located, at the convenience of both

parties.

d) After having examined the request and considered it

as acceptable, the Secretariat may establish an

agreement with the partner.

e) If the Director of the World Heritage Centre judges

that a proposed use of the Emblem is not acceptable,

the Secretariat informs the requesting party of the

decision in writing.

74 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

VIII.G Right of States Parties to exert quality control

Authorization to use the Emblem is inextricably linked to

279. the requirement that the national authorities may exert

quality control over the products with which it is associated.

a) The States Parties to the are the only parties

Convention

authorized to approve the content (images and text) of

any distributed product appearing under the World

Heritage Emblem with regard to the properties located

in their territories.

b) States Parties that protect the Emblem legally must

review these uses.

c) Other States Parties may elect to review proposed uses

or refer such proposals to the Secretariat. States Parties

are responsible for identifying an appropriate national

authority and for informing the Secretariat whether they

wish to review proposed uses or to identify uses that

are inappropriate. The Secretariat maintains a list of

responsible national authorities. 75

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

IX. INFORMATION SOURCES

IX.A Information archived by the Secretariat

The Secretariat maintains a database of all documents of the

280. World Heritage Committee and the General Assembly of

States Parties to the This database

World Heritage Convention.

is available at the following Web address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/statutorydoc

The Secretariat ensures that copies of Tentative Lists, World

281. Heritage nominations, including copies of maps and relevant

information received from States Parties are archived in hard

copy and in electronic format where possible. The Secretariat

also arranges for the archiving of relevant information

relating to inscribed properties, including evaluations and

other documents developed by the Advisory Bodies, any

correspondence and reports received from States Parties

(including Reactive Monitoring and Periodic Reports) and

correspondence and material from the Secretariat and World

Heritage Committee.

Archived material will be kept in a form appropriate to long-

282. term storage. Provisions will be made for the storage of

paper copies and electronic copies, as relevant. Provision

will be made for copies to be provided to States Parties as

requested.

Nominations of those properties inscribed on the World

283. Heritage List by the Committee will be made available for

consultation. States Parties are urged to place a copy of the

nomination on their own Web addresses and inform the

Secretariat of this action. States Parties preparing

nominations may wish to use such information as guides for

identifying and elaborating nomination of properties within

their own territories.

Advisory Body evaluations for each nomination and the

284. decision of the Committee concerning each nomination are

available at the following Web address :

http://whc.unesco.org/en/advisorybodies

IX.B Specific Information for World Heritage Committee

members and other States Parties

The Secretariat maintains two electronic mailing lists: one for

285. Committee members (wh-committee@unesco.org) and one

for all States Parties (wh-states@unesco.org). States Parties

are requested to supply all appropriate email addresses for

the establishment of these lists. These electronic mailing

76 Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

lists, which supplement but do not replace the traditional

means of notifying States Parties, allow the Secretariat to

communicate, in a timely manner, announcements about the

availability of documents, changes to meeting schedules, and

other issues relevant to Committee members and other States

Parties.

Circular letters to the States Parties are available at the

286. following Web address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/circularletters

Another Web address, linked to the public Web address

through restricted access, is maintained by the Secretariat

and contains specific information targeted at Committee

members, other States Parties and Advisory Bodies. Decision 28 COM 9

The Secretariat maintains also a database of decisions of the

287. Committee and resolutions of the General Assembly of

States Parties. These are available at the following Web

addres: http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions

IX.C. Information and publications available to the public

The Secretariat provides access to information labelled as

288. publicly available and copyright free on World Heritage

properties and other relevant matters, wherever possible.

Information on issues related to World Heritage is available

289. at the Secretariat’s Web address (http://whc.unesco.org), on

the Web addresses of the Advisory Bodies and in libraries.

A list of databases accessible on the web and links to

relevant web addresses can be found in the Bibliography.

The Secretariat produces a wide variety of World Heritage

290. publications, including the World Heritage List, the List of

World Heritage in Danger, Brief Descriptions of World

Heritage properties, World Heritage Papers series,

newsletters, brochures and information kits. In addition,

other information materials aimed specifically at experts and

the general public are also developed. The list of World

Heritage publications can be found in the Bibliography or at

the following Web address:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/publications.

These information materials are distributed to the public

directly or through the national and international networks

established by States Parties or by World Heritage partners. 77

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention


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DESCRIZIONE DISPENSA

The Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention aim to facilitate the implementation of the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage by setting forth the procedure for:
- the inscription of properties on the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger;
- the protection and conservation of World Heritage properties;
- the granting of International Assistance under the World Heritage Fund;
- the mobilization of national and international support in favor of the Convention.


DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in restauro, conservazione e valorizzazione dei beni architettonici e ambientali
SSD:
A.A.: 2011-2012

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Aspetti teoretici e tecnici della conservazione e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Mediterranea - Unirc o del prof Di Stefano Maurizio.

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