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Richiedenti asilo - Eurostat Appunti scolastici Premium

Materiale didattico per il corso di Differenziali Economici e Migrazioni della Prof.ssa Paola Giacomello e del Dott. Paolo Sellari. Trattasi di un rapporto dell'Eurostat dal titolo "Asylum applicants and first instance decisions on asylum applications in 2010" riguardante i richiedenti asilo in Europa nel 2010.

Esame di Differenziali Economici e Migrazioni docente Prof. P. Giacomello

Anteprima

ESTRATTO DOCUMENTO

Almost three out of ten asylum applicants registered in the EU-27 in Q4 2010 were

minors.

Table 7a: Age distribution of asylum applicants across EU Members, 4th quarter 2010 (in %)

Total Distribution of age groups as a share of total (in %)

(absolute 0-13 14-17 18-34 35-64 65 and over Unknown

value)

EU-27 74 115 21.7 7.3 50.0 20.0 0.7 0.3

Belgium 8 305 23.6 8.1 47.9 19.9 0.6 0.0

Bulgaria 265 10.2 3.8 59.2 26.0 0.8 0.0

Czech Republic 150 15.3 3.3 48.7 31.3 1.3 0.0

Denmark 1 410 16.0 15.0 51.6 17.0 0.4 0.0

Germany 15 995 27.9 8.5 44.0 18.8 0.8 0.0

Estonia 5 * * * * * *

Ireland 420 24.2 5.2 52.4 18.0 0.2 0.0

Greece 2 385 1.7 2.8 76.4 18.9 0.0 0.1

Spain 740 13.4 3.0 56.9 25.2 1.5 0.0

France 14 430 18.2 3.5 55.4 22.1 0.7 0.0

Italy 2 545 13.9 5.5 65.4 14.9 0.2 0.0

Cyprus 1 060 5.7 2.3 64.8 26.0 0.4 0.8

Latvia 20 5.6 22.2 50.0 22.2 0.0 0.0

Lithuania 205 7.9 3.4 57.1 31.5 0.0 0.0

Luxembourg 300 25.2 7.3 46.7 20.9 0.0 0.0

Hungary 350 20.4 7.8 58.0 13.5 0.3 0.0

Malta 45 10.6 6.4 59.6 12.8 0.0 10.6

Netherlands 4 320 27.6 10.9 42.1 18.3 1.0 0.0

Austria 2 875 26.1 9.6 47.3 16.5 0.5 0.0

Poland 1 790 36.0 5.0 35.7 22.5 0.8 0.0

Portugal 35 17.6 5.9 61.8 14.7 0.0 0.0

Romania 195 9.8 7.2 58.8 23.7 0.5 0.0

Slovenia 110 5.4 23.2 53.6 17.9 0.0 0.0

Slovakia 90 8.9 1.1 71.1 18.9 0.0 0.0

Finland 775 10.8 8.6 62.7 16.4 0.6 0.8

Sweden 9 260 25.8 10.3 43.2 19.5 1.1 0.0

United Kingdom 6 035 13.6 6.9 53.2 22.5 1.0 2.8

Iceland : : : : : : :

Liechtenstein 25 15.8 10.6 54.7 18.0 0.9 0.0

Norway 2 615 20.9 4.7 59.7 14.3 0.3 0.1

Switzerland 4 375 16.0 0.0 64.0 20.0 0.0 0.0

'*' – represents 2 or fewer applicants recorded in the reference period

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctzm)

Figure 7a: Gender distribution of asylum applicants across EU Members, 4th quarter 2010 (in %)

Women Men Unknown

100%

75%

50%

25%

0% PL NL DE IE CY SE LU FR BE EU27 NO CZ LT UK ES AT CH FI DK PT LV IT HU SI MT RO BG EL LI SK

Note: Age and sex distributions are not computed when less than 10 applicants were registered

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctzm)

14 5/2011 — Data in focus

One third of asylum applicants registered in the EU-27 in Q4 2010 were women

Table 7b: Age distribution of the 30 main groups of asylum applicants in the EU-27, 4th quarter

2010 (in %) Total Distribution of age groups as a share of total (in %)

(absolute 0-13 14-17 18-34 35-64 65 and over Unknown

value)

Non-EU 74 115 21.7 7.3 50.0 20.0 0.7 0.3

Serbia - (RS) 7 915 40.8 7.3 32.0 19.5 0.4 0.0

Afghanistan - (AF) 5 655 16.3 25.8 45.6 10.8 1.3 0.2

Russia - (RU) 4 940 38.3 4.7 34.0 22.2 0.8 0.0

Kosovo - (XK) 4 505 35.2 5.7 39.1 19.4 0.6 0.0

Iraq - (IQ) 4 110 18.8 7.1 51.8 20.3 1.7 0.3

MK 3 435 36.7 7.4 32.6 23.1 0.3 0.0

Somalia - (SO) 3 100 29.0 12.6 44.0 12.6 1.5 0.2

Iran - (IR) 3 040 11.9 7.3 55.5 24.0 0.9 0.5

Pakistan - (PK) 2 730 9.0 3.3 66.7 20.0 0.7 0.3

Sri Lanka - (LK) 1 945 10.0 2.6 63.1 21.9 1.7 0.7

Bangladesh - (BD) 1 830 2.4 1.0 79.0 17.4 0.1 0.2

Turkey - (TR) 1 775 13.6 4.1 66.5 15.6 0.2 0.0

Nigeria - (NG) 1 720 15.3 4.0 64.7 15.1 0.2 0.8

Armenia - (AM) 1 710 23.4 4.8 41.6 28.4 1.9 0.0

China - (CN) 1 575 6.4 2.8 50.0 39.4 0.1 1.3

Georgia - (GE) 1 565 15.2 2.9 54.0 27.3 0.4 0.3

CD 1 400 18.5 6.9 51.7 22.1 0.6 0.1

Guinea - (GN) 1 360 11.0 11.3 67.6 9.9 0.0 0.1

Syria - (SY) 1 280 20.4 6.8 54.4 17.1 1.1 0.3

Eritrea - (ER) 1 280 13.4 7.0 62.1 16.7 0.6 0.2

Algeria - (DZ) 980 5.6 6.6 67.4 19.8 0.4 0.1

India - (IN) 945 3.7 2.2 69.8 22.6 0.1 1.5

Stateless 660 15.9 3.5 55.5 23.7 1.1 0.3

BA 625 41.8 8.3 29.3 20.3 0.3 0.0

Sudan - (SD) 585 8.4 3.3 74.3 13.5 0.0 0.5

Azerbaijan - (AZ) 550 26.1 5.3 38.1 28.6 1.8 0.0

Vietnam - (VN) 515 7.5 5.6 59.2 27.1 0.0 0.6

Kyrgyzstan - (KG) 475 28.6 5.7 47.9 17.6 0.2 0.0

Mongolia - (MN) 460 14.6 4.6 53.7 26.3 0.4 0.4

Haiti - (HT) 450 11.4 4.0 58.6 26.1 0.0 0.0

Other 11 005 14.9 4.9 58.1 21.0 0.7 0.5

1) Kosovo - Kosovo / UNSCR 1244; BA - Bosnia and Herzegovina; MK - the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia; CD - Congo,

the Democratic Republic of the; Syria - Syrian Arab Republic

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctzm)

Figure 7b: Gender distribution of the 30 main groups of asylum applicants in the EU-27, 4th quarter

2010 (in %) Women Men Unknow n

100%

75%

50%

25%

0% CD RS RU VN AM MK CN MN BA XK AZ SO KG ER NG HT GE GN SY IR IQ LK AF TR SD PK DZ IN BD

Non-EU STATELESS .

Note: Countries selected here are those with the highest number of asylum applicants registered during Q4 2010

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctzm) 15

Data in focus — 5/2011

Table 8a: Five main groups of asylum applicants in the EU-27+EFTA countries, 4th quarter 2010

(rounded figures) EU-27 (%)

Serbia 7 915 11

Afghanistan 5 655 8

Russia 4 940 7

Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 4 505 6

Iraq 4 110 6

Other 46 995 63

BELGIUM BULGARIA CZECH REPUBLIC

(%) (%) (%)

Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 1 095 13 Iraq 160 61 Belarus 20 12

Serbia 850 10 Armenia 20 7 Ukraine 20 12

Russia 800 10 Iran 15 5 Mongolia 15 10

Afghanistan 700 8 Afghanistan 10 4 Vietnam 10 7

Iraq 580 7 Ukraine 5 2 Kazakhstan 10 5

Other 4 275 51 Other 55 22 Other 80 54

DENMARK GERMANY ESTONIA

(%) (%) (%)

Afghanistan 330 23 Serbia 4 100 26 Belarus * *

Iran 225 16 MK 1 975 12 Russia * *

Syrian Arab Republic 155 11 Afghanistan 1 700 11 Turkey * *

Serbia 125 9 Iraq 1 425 9 Pakistan * *

Russia 120 9 Iran 875 5 Stateless * *

Other 450 32 Other 5 925 37 Other 0 0

IRELAND GREECE SPAIN

(%) (%) (%)

Nigeria 80 19 Pakistan 740 31 Nigeria 65 9

China 65 15 Georgia 235 10 Algeria 35 5

Pakistan 45 11 Bangladesh 195 8 Morocco 30 4

CD 15 4 China 165 7 Ivory Coast 30 4

South Africa 15 4 India 135 6 Cameroon 25 4

Other 200 47 Other 915 38 Other 550 75

FRANCE ITALY CYPRUS

(%) (%) (%)

Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 1 600 11 Pakistan 355 14 India 140 13

Bangladesh 1 245 9 Turkey 290 11 Iraq 115 11

Russia 1 110 8 Nigeria 285 11 Vietnam 115 11

Sri Lanka 995 7 Afghanistan 285 11 Sri Lanka 90 9

CD 965 7 Bosnia and Herzegovina 280 11 Nigeria 70 6

Other 8 515 59 Other 1 045 41 Other 530 50

LUXEMBOURG

LATVIA LITHUANIA

(%) (%) (%)

Kyrgyzstan 5 28 Georgia 150 75 Serbia 120 40

Afghanistan 5 22 Russia 30 14 Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 65 22

Ghana * * Belarus 5 2 Iraq 25 8

Belarus * * Sri Lanka 5 2 Iran 15 5

Russia * * Afghanistan 5 2 MK 10 4

Other 5 6 Other 10 4 Other 65 21

HUNGARY MALTA NETHERLANDS

(%) (%) (%)

Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 105 30 Ethiopia 5 9 Somalia 1 190 28

Afghanistan 90 25 Morocco 5 9 Iraq 495 11

Iran 20 6 Ivory Coast * * Afghanistan 485 11

Georgia 15 4 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya * * Iran 270 6

Iraq 10 3 Nigeria * * Armenia 215 5

Other 110 32 Other 35 70 Other 1 670 39

PORTUGAL

AUSTRIA POLAND

(%) (%) (%)

Russia 630 22 Russia 1 380 77 Guinea 5 21

Afghanistan 425 15 Georgia 260 15 CD 5 15

Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 125 4 Armenia 30 2 Angola * *

Nigeria 125 4 Kyrgyzstan 20 1 Guinea-Bissau * *

Serbia 120 4 Ukraine 10 1 Belarus * *

Other 1 450 50 Other 90 5 Other 15 50

ROMANIA SLOVENIA SLOVAK REPUBLIC

(%) (%) (%)

Moldova 30 15 Afghanistan 20 18 Afghanistan 25 26

Iran 25 12 Turkey 15 13 Moldova 10 12

Iraq 15 9 PS 10 8 China 10 10

China 15 7 Bosnia and Herzegovina 5 6 Georgia 5 7

Cameroon 10 6 Somalia 5 6 India 5 7

Other 100 52 Other 55 48 Other 35 39

FINLAND SWEDEN UNITED KINGDOM

(%) (%) (%)

Iraq 180 23 Serbia 2 240 24 Iran 710 12

Somalia 120 15 Somalia 920 10 Pakistan 630 10

Afghanistan 70 9 Afghanistan 720 8 Sri Lanka 500 8

Russia 60 8 Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 635 7 Afghanistan 475 8

Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 45 6 Iraq 520 6 Zimbabwe 380 6

Other 305 39 Other 4 225 46 Other 3 335 55

LIECHTENSTEIN NORWAY SWITZERLAND

(%) (%) (%)

Nigeria 10 44 Somalia 450 17 Nigeria 625 14

Russia 10 36 Eritrea 390 15 Eritrea 535 12

Syrian Arab Republic * * Russia 165 6 Serbia 285 6

Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 * * Iran 130 5 Sri Lanka 245 6

Gambia * * Afghanistan 235 9 Kosovo / UNSCR 1244 215 5

Other * * Other 1 240 47 Other 2 470 56

Notes:

'*' – represents 2 or fewer applicants recorded in the reference period

CD – Congo, the Democratic Republic of the; MK – the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctzm)

16 5/2011 — Data in focus

Table 8b: Distribution of the main groups of asylum applicants in the EU-27, 4th quarter 2010

(rounded figures) NON-EU (%)

Germany 15 995 22

France 14 430 19

Sweden 9 260 12

Belgium 8 305 11

United Kingdom 6 035 8

Other 20 090 27

SERBIA - (RS) AFGHANISTAN - (AF) RUSSIA - (RU)

(%) (%) (%)

Germany 4 100 52 Germany 1 700 30 Poland 1 380 28

Sweden 2 240 28 Sweden 720 13 France 1 110 22

Belgium 850 11 Belgium 700 12 Belgium 800 16

France 230 3 Netherlands 485 9 Austria 630 13

Denmark 125 2 United Kingdom 475 8 Germany 385 8

Other 365 5 Other 1 575 28 Other 630 13

KOSOVO / UNSCR 1244 - (XK) IRAQ - (IQ) MK

(%) (%) (%)

France 1 600 36 Germany 1 425 35 Germany 1 975 57

Belgium 1 095 24 Belgium 580 14 Belgium 550 16

Germany 665 15 Sweden 520 13 Sweden 490 14

Sweden 635 14 Netherlands 495 12 France 260 8

Austria 125 3 Finland 180 4 Netherlands 100 3

Other 380 8 Other 915 22 Other 65 2

SOMALIA - (SO) IRAN - (IR) PAKISTAN - (PK)

(%) (%) (%)

Netherlands 1 190 38 Germany 875 29 Greece 740 27

Sweden 920 30 United Kingdom 710 23 United Kingdom 630 23

Germany 330 11 Sweden 320 11 Italy 355 13

United Kingdom 165 5 Netherlands 270 9 France 295 11

Belgium 125 4 Denmark 225 7 Germany 280 10

Other 365 12 Other 635 21 Other 435 16

SRI LANKA - (LK) BANGLADESH - (BD) TURKEY - (TR)

(%) (%) (%)

France 995 51 France 1 245 68 France 630 35

United Kingdom 500 26 Greece 195 11 Germany 415 23

Germany 160 8 United Kingdom 110 6 Italy 290 16

Cyprus 90 5 Italy 80 4 Austria 100 6

Netherlands 85 4 Belgium 70 4 Belgium 80 5

Other 115 6 Other 135 7 Other 255 14

NIGERIA - (NG) ARMENIA - (AM) CHINA - (CN)

(%) (%) (%)

United Kingdom 300 17 France 785 46 France 575 36

Italy 285 17 Belgium 330 19 United Kingdom 325 21

France 265 15 Netherlands 215 12 Greece 165 10

Germany 185 11 Germany 100 6 Germany 100 6

Austria 125 7 Austria 75 4 Belgium 90 6

Other 560 33 Other 205 12 Other 325 21

GEORGIA - (GE) CD GUINEA - (GN)

(%) (%) (%)

France 340 22 France 965 69 Belgium 535 39

Poland 260 17 Belgium 215 15 France 515 38

Greece 235 15 United Kingdom 60 4 Germany 75 6

Germany 180 11 Germany 45 3 Netherlands 70 5

Lithuania 150 10 Spain 20 2 Italy 50 4

Other 400 25 Other 95 7 Other 115 9

SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC - (SY) ERITREA - (ER) ALGERIA - (DZ)

(%) (%) (%)

Germany 515 40 Sweden 395 31 France 315 32

Denmark 155 12 Germany 245 19 Germany 125 13

Sweden 140 11 France 230 18 Austria 115 12

Belgium 140 11 United Kingdom 210 17 United Kingdom 95 9

Netherlands 60 5 Netherlands 135 10 Belgium 85 9

Other 270 21 Other 65 5 Other 250 25

INDIA - (IN) STATELESS BA

(%) (%) (%)

Germany 230 25 Sweden 310 47 Italy 280 45

United Kingdom 180 19 United Kingdom 135 20 Germany 130 21

Cyprus 140 15 France 55 8 France 70 11

Greece 135 14 Germany 50 7 Belgium 50 8

Austria 105 11 Austria 40 6 Sweden 45 7

Other 150 16 Other 75 11 Other 45 7

SUDAN - (SD) AZERBAIJAN - (AZ) VIETNAM - (VN)

(%) (%) (%)

United Kingdom 180 31 France 215 40 Germany 235 45

France 180 30 Germany 170 31 Cyprus 115 22

Netherlands 75 13 Sweden 75 14 United Kingdom 80 15

Germany 40 7 Netherlands 25 5 Sweden 45 9

Belgium 30 5 Belgium 25 4 Czech Republic 10 2

Other 80 14 Other 35 7 Other 35 7

KYRGYZSTAN - (KG) MONGOLIA - (MN) HAITI - (HT)

(%) (%) (%)

Sweden 215 45 Sweden 260 56 France 440 98

Belgium 95 20 Netherlands 55 12 Sweden 5 1

Austria 45 10 France 50 10 Belgium 5 1

France 35 7 Austria 20 5 Denmark * *

Poland 20 4 Belgium 20 4 Germany * *

Other 65 13 Other 60 13 Other * *

Notes:

'*' – represents 2 or fewer applicants recorded in the reference period

CD – Congo, the Democratic Republic of the; BA- Bosnia and Herzegovina; MK – the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

)

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctzm 17

Data in focus — 5/2011

Half of the Serbian asylum applicants in the EU-27 had lodged their application in

Germany in Q4 2010 1) th

Figure 8a: Main groups of asylum applicants in the top 6 receiving countries , 4 quarter 2010

Germany (15995 applicants) France (14430 applicants) Sweden (9260 applicants)

XK

RS RS

BD

11%

26% 24%

Other 9%

37% Other

RU 45%

Other 8%

LK SO

58%

MK 7% 10%

12% CD

IR AF

IQ XK

AF 7% IQ

5% 8%

9% 7%

11% 6%

Belgium (8305 applicants) United Kingdom (6035 Netherlands (4320 applicants)

applicants)

XK IR SO

13% 12% PK

RS 28%

Other

10%

10% 39%

Other Other LK

52% RU 56% 8%

10% AF IQ

AF 8% 11%

8% ZW AM

IQ IR AF

6% 5%

7% 6% 11%

1) Member States selected here are those with the highest number of asylum applicants registered during Q4 2010.

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctzm)

Figure 8b: Distribution of the 6 main groups of asylum applicants in the EU-27 by receiving

th

country, 4 quarter 2010 Russia (4940 applications)

Afghanistan (5655

Serbia (7915 applications) applications)

Other Other

9% 13% PL

BE Other DE DE 28%

11% 28% 30% 8%

DE AT

52% 13%

UK

SE SE

8%

28% FR

NL BE

13% 22%

BE

9% 16%

12%

XK (4505 applications) Iraq (4110 applications) MK (3435 applications)

Other

Other FR 5%

Other

11% 8%

DE

FR 22%

SE SE

35%

36%

14% 14%

FI

4% DE

DE NL 57%

BE

15% 12% BE 16%

SE

BE 14%

13%

24%

1) Countries selected here are those with the highest number of asylum applicants registered during Q4 2010.

Note: AF – Afghanistan; RS – Serbia; IQ – Iraq; SO – Somalia; MK – the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; XK – Kosovo /

UNSCR 1244; RU – Russia; CD – Congo, the democratic republic of; BD – Bangladesh; LK – Sri Lanka; AM – Armenia; IR - Iran; PK

– Pakistan; ZW - Zimbabwe

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctzm)

18 5/2011 — Data in focus

Nearly one out of four decisions issued at the first instance during Q4 2010 in the

EU-27 was positive 1) th

Table 9a: First instance decisions by citizenship in selected Member States , 4 quarter 2010

(rounded figures) BELGIUM GERMANY

Humanitarian Subsidiary Humanitarian

Subsidiary Rejections Refugee status Rejections

Refugee status protection reasons protection reasons

Not applicable

Afghanistan 150 Iraq 105 XK 780 Iraq 685 Somalia 35 Afghanistan 230 Serbia 3 065

Guinea 130 Afghanistan 95 Armenia 770 Iran 300 Eritrea 20 Russia 35 MK 1 965

Iraq 90 Somalia 10 Russia 255 Afghanistan 155 Afghanistan 20 Nigeria 15 Afghanistan 705

Other 450 Other 15 Other 2 120 Other 520 Other 30 Other 120 Other 5 645

FRANCE NETHERLANDS

Humanitarian Subsidiary Humanitarian

Subsidiary Rejections Refugee status Rejections

Refugee status protection reasons protection reasons

Not applicable

Sri Lanka 130 Mali 80 XK 970 Iran 40 Somalia 450 Somalia 520 Afghanistan 280

Russia 115 Guinea 35 Russia 760 Iraq 35 Afghanistan 130 Afghanistan 40 Iraq 260

Eritrea 90 Somalia 20 Bangladesh 730 Somalia 20 Iraq 125 Iraq 30 Somalia 190

Other 725 Other 70 Other 6 025 Other 130 Other 320 Other 180 Other 1 430

SWEDEN UNITED KINGDOM

Subsidiary Humanitarian Humanitarian

Subsidiary

Refugee status Rejections Rejections

Refugee status

protection reasons protection reasons

Iraq 140 Somalia 750 Afghanistan 40 Serbia 2 700 Iran 240 Afghanistan 85 Somalia 20 Iran 495

Somalia 110 Eritrea 260 Stateless 25 Somalia 450 Eritrea 160 Zimbabwe 45 Iran 10 Pakistan 485

Iran 50 Afghanistan 205 Somalia 20 MK 440 Sudan 140 Iran 40 Iraq 5 Sri Lanka 450

Other 220 Other 145 Other 95 Other 3 535 Other 710 Other 205 Other 15 Other 3 165

OTHER EU-27

Subsidiary Humanitarian Subsidiary Humanitarian

Refugee status Rejections Refugee status Rejections

protection reasons protection reasons

Russia 240 Afghanistan 465 Afghanistan 60 Russia 1 130 Iraq 1 095 Somalia 1 450 Somalia 570 Serbia 6 650

Iran 195 Iraq 175 Turkey 40 Nigeria 690 Iran 885 Afghanistan 1 000 Afghanistan 375 MK 2 910

Afghanistan 150 Somalia 170 Nigeria 30 Afghanistan 555 Afghanistan 590 Iraq 485 Iraq 85 XK 2 825

Other 625 Other 575 Other 380 Other 6 505 Other 4 190 Other 1 755 Other 885 Other 34 170

1) Member States selected here are those with the highest number of first instance decisions issued during Q4 2010.

Notes: XK – Kosovo / UNSCR 1244; MK – the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asydcfstq)

Table 9a: First instance decisions by outcome across EU Members, 4th quarter 2010 (rounded

figures) Total Total positive Refugee Subsidiary Humanitarian Rejected

decisions decisions status protection reasons

EU-27 59 910 13 360 6 760 4 685 1 915 46 550

Belgium 4 975 1 050 825 225 - 3 925

Bulgaria 135 25 * 25 - 105

Czech Republic 145 60 20 35 5 85

Denmark 900 325 180 95 50 580

Germany 13 550 2 170 1 660 110 400 11 380

Estonia 5 5 5 * - *

Ireland 290 5 5 * - 285

Greece 600 30 30 * 0 570

780 205 60 140 5 575

Spain 9 750 1 270 1 060 205 - 8 485

France

1)

Italy 3 020 980 310 365 310 2 035

610 20 10 0 15 585

Cyprus 15 5 0 5 - 10

Latvia 110 5 0 5 - 110

Lithuania 135 15 15 * - 120

Luxembourg 175 50 10 30 10 125

Hungary

Malta 40 15 5 10 5 25

Netherlands 4 185 2 025 225 1 030 775 2 160

Austria 3 155 870 485 385 - 2 285

Poland 895 115 15 20 75 780

Portugal 35 25 0 25 - 10

Romania 175 40 15 30 0 135

Slovenia 45 10 10 * - 35

Slovakia 75 30 5 15 10 45

Finland 635 265 45 195 25 365

Sweden 9 185 2 060 525 1 355 180 7 125

United Kingdom 6 285 1 685 1 255 375 50 4 600

Iceland : : : : : :

Liechtenstein 0 0 0 - 0 0

Norway 3 615 1 310 950 225 135 2 305

Switzerland 3 095 1 150 575 205 370 1 945

1) See country information notes.

'-' – not applicable

'*' – represents 2 or fewer first instance decisions recorded in the reference period

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asydcfstq) 19

Data in focus — 5/2011

Seven out of ten Somalis were granted a positive decision at first instance during

Q4 2010 1) th

Table 9b: First instance decisions by Member States in selected groups of asylum applicants , 4

quarter 2010 (rounded figures)

SERBIA - (RS) AFGHANISTAN - (AF)

Humanitarian Humanitarian

Subsidiary Subsidiary

Refugee status Rejections Refugee status Rejections

protection reasons protection reasons

Belgium 40 Austria 5 Italy 20 Germany 3 065 Germany 155 Sweden 205 Germany 230 Germany 705

France 15 Germany 10 Sweden 2 700 Belgium 150 Austria 160 Netherlands 40 UK 395

Austria 5 Sweden 5 Belgium 225 Austria 80 Italy 155 Sweden 40 Netherlands 280

Other 0 Other 0 Other 0 Other 655 Other 200 Other 480 Other 65 Other 970

SOMALIA - (SO) RUSSIA - (RU)

Humanitarian Subsidiary Humanitarian

Subsidiary Rejections Refugee status Rejections

Refugee status protection reasons protection reasons

Sweden 110 Sweden 750 Netherlands 520 Sweden 450 Austria 170 Austria 55 Germany 35 France 760

UK 90 Netherlands 450 UK 20 Netherlands 190 France 115 Poland 20 Poland 20 Poland 505

Germany 85 Finland 100 Sweden 20 Germany 135 Belgium 60 Finland 10 CZ * Austria 505

Other 125 Other 150 Other * Other 220 Other 145 Other 25 Other 0 Other 920

IRAQ - (IQ) KOSOVO / UNSCR 1244 - (XK)

Humanitarian Subsidiary Humanitarian

Subsidiary Rejections Refugee status Rejections

Refugee status protection reasons protection reasons

Germany 685 Netherlands 125 Netherlands 30 Germany 660 Belgium 60 Austria 15 Sweden 15 France 970

Sweden 140 Belgium 105 Italy 15 Netherlands 260 France 25 France 5 Germany 10 Belgium 780

Belgium 90 Sweden 65 Sweden 15 Sweden 235 Austria 10 Italy * Italy 10 Germany 470

Other 180 Other 190 Other 25 Other 480 Other * Other * Other * Other 610

OTHER NON-EU

Subsidiary Humanitarian Subsidiary Humanitarian

Refugee status Rejections Refugee status Rejections

protection reasons protection reasons

UK 1 085 Sweden 325 Italy 255 France 6 515 Germany 1 660 Sweden 1 355 Netherlands 775 Germany 11 380

France 800 Netherlands 320 Netherlands 180 Germany 6 085 UK 1 255 Netherlands 1 030 Germany 400 France 8 485

Germany 685 UK 265 Germany 100 UK 3 950 France 1 060 Austria 385 Italy 310 Sweden 7 125

Other 1 450 Other 700 Other 215 Other 12 855 Other 2 780 Other 1 915 Other 435 Other 19 560

1) Countries selected here are those with the highest number of first instance decisions issued during Q4 2010.

'*' – represents 2 or fewer first instance decisions recorded in the reference period.

Note: UK – the United Kingdom

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asydcfstq) 1)

Table 9b: First instance decisions by outcome across the 30 main groups of asylum applicants

th

countries of citizenship in the EU-27, 4 quarter 2010 (rounded figures)

Total Total positive Refugee Subsidiary Humanitarian Rejected

decisions decisions status protection reasons

Non-EU 59 910 13 360 6 760 4 685 1 915 46 550

Serbia - (RS) 6 740 90 60 5 30 6 650

Afghanistan - (AF) 4 310 1 965 590 1 000 375 2 350

Somalia - (SO) 3 425 2 425 410 1 450 570 995

Russia - (RU) 3 350 660 490 115 60 2 690

Iraq - (IQ) 3 300 1 665 1 095 485 85 1 635

Kosovo 2 990 165 100 20 45 2 825

MK 2 925 15 5 * 10 2 910

Iran - (IR) 2 560 1 045 885 125 35 1 515

Armenia - (AM) 1 775 115 40 30 45 1 660

Sri Lanka - (LK) 1 675 320 275 20 25 1 360

Nigeria - (NG) 1 605 120 35 35 50 1 485

Pakistan - (PK) 1 480 220 100 100 15 1 260

China - (CN) 1 320 230 150 55 20 1 090

Turkey - (TR) 1 320 215 140 25 50 1 105

Eritrea - (ER) 1 285 835 425 385 30 450

Syria 1 170 285 235 15 35 885

Georgia - (GE) 1 095 45 25 10 15 1 050

Guinea - (GN) 1 055 295 190 75 30 760

Bangladesh - (BD) 1 025 25 10 5 10 1 000

CD 970 200 155 30 20 765

Algeria - (DZ) 760 25 15 5 5 735

India - (IN) 705 10 * 5 5 695

Stateless 575 195 135 30 30 380

Sudan - (SD) 570 230 200 25 10 340

Bangladesh - (BD) 505 25 5 * 15 480

Azerbaijan - (AZ) 480 70 35 20 15 410

Vietnam - (VN) 470 35 5 15 10 435

Zimbabwe - (ZW) 430 135 90 45 0 295

Mongolia - (MN) 425 15 5 5 5 410

Haiti - (HT) 415 80 60 15 * 340

Other 9 200 1 615 805 535 275 7 585

1) Countries selected here are those with the highest number of first instance decisions issued during Q4 2010.

Notes: Kosovo – Kosovo / UNSCR 1244; CD – Congo, the Democratic Republic of the; MK – the former Yugoslav Republic of

Macedonia; Syria – Syrian Arab Republic.

'*' – represents 2 or fewer first instance decisions recorded in the reference period.:

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asydcfstq)

20 5/2011 — Data in focus

Nearly all first instance decisions issued to Serbians in the EU-27 in Q4 2010 were

negative 1) th

Figure 10a: First instance decisions by outcome, selected Member States and the EU-27 , 4

quarter 2010 Sweden (9185 decisions)

Germany (13550 decisions) France (9750 decisions) 6%

11%

12% 2%

1% 15%

3% 2%

77%

84% 87%

UK (6285 decisions) Belgium (4975 decisions) Netherlands (4185 decisions)

5%

17%

20% 25%

5%

6% 52%

1%

73% 78% 18%

Refugee status Subsidiary protection Humanitarian reasons Rejections

1) Member States selected here are those reporting the highest number of first instance decisions issued during Q4 2010.

Note: UK – United Kingdom

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asydcfstq) 1) th

Figure 10b: First instance decisions in the EU-27 by outcome, selected citizenships , 4 quarter

2010 Serbia (6740 decisions) Afghanistan (4310 decisions) Somalia (3425 decisions)

1% 0% 12%

0% 14% 29%

23%

54% 42%

17%

99% 9%

Russia (3350 decisions) Iraq (3300 decisions) XK (2990 decisions)

3%

1%

15% 2%

3% 33%

2% 49% 94%

80% 15%

3%

Refugee status Subsidiary protection Humanitarian reasons Rejections

1) Citizenships selected here are those for which the highest number of first instance decisions was issued during Q4 2010.

Note: XK – Kosovo / UNSCR 1244.

Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asydcfstq) 21

Data in focus — 5/2011

Methodology

DATA SOURCES

The data used for this publication are provided to Eurostat by the Ministries of Interior, Justice or immigration agencies

of the Member States. Data are based entirely on relevant administrative sources. Apart from statistics on new asylum

applicants, these data are supplied by Member States according to the provisions of Article 4 of the Regulation (EC)

862/2007 of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection.

All data presented in this publication are rounded to the nearest 5.

All data presented in this publication are provisional (except as otherwise stated) and may be a subject to change.

DEFINITIONS AND COVERAGE

'Asylum applicant' means a person having submitted an application for international protection or having been

included in such application as a family member during the reference period. 'Application for international protection'

i.e. including

means an application for international protection as defined in Art.2(g) of Council Directive 2004/83/EC,

requests for refugee status or for subsidiary protection status, irrespective of whether the application was lodged on

arrival at border, or from inside the country, and irrespective of whether the person entered the territory legally (e.g. as

a tourist) or illegally. In deciding when to regard an asylum application as having been lodged, the principles

expressed in Article 4(1) of Council Regulation 2003/343/EC should be applied, i.e. 'An application for asylum shall be

deemed to have been lodged once a form submitted by the applicant for asylum or a report prepared by the

authorities has reached the competent authorities of the Member State concerned. Where an application is not made

in writing, the time elapsing between the statement of intention and the preparation of a report should be as short as

possible'. Applications submitted by persons who are subsequently found to be a subject of a Dublin procedure

(Council Regulation (EC) No 343/2003) are included in the number of asylum applications. Within the same reference

period every person being a subject of asylum application is counted only once, therefore repeat applications are not

recorded if the first application has been lodged in the same reference period. However, such a repeat application will

be recorded if lodged in a different reference month. It means that the aggregation of the monthly figures may

overestimate the number of persons applying for international protection within the aggregated period (quarter or

year).

In some Member States (e.g. IT, MT) due to restrictions of the asylum procedure (e.g. time limits for lodging repeat

application) repeat applications may be very rare. Therefore the number of new asylum applicants may equal or

almost equal the number of asylum applicants.

The number of asylum applicants and the number of first instance decisions during the same reference period differs.

This is due to the time lag between the date of asylum application and the date of the decision on asylum application.

The duration of this time lag may vary considerably depending on the national asylum procedure and the

administrative workload. Asylum application lodged in one reference period may therefore result in a decision in a

later period, while some asylum decisions reported for that period may relate to the applications lodged in previous

reference periods.

'New asylum applicant' means a person having submitted an application for international protection for the first time.

Applications submitted by persons who are subsequently found to be a subject of a Dublin procedure are included in

the statistics on new asylum applicants if such persons are also a subject of first asylum application. All Member

States are requested to supply these data but their provision is voluntary. As persons are counted once only, statistics

on new asylum applicants may be used for preparation of annual aggregates.

Person being a subject of 'a pending application' means a person who is the subject of application for international

protection under consideration by the responsible national authority at the end of the reference period. It includes the

number of persons with pending applications at all instances of the administrative and/or judicial procedure.

'Rejected applicant' means a person covered by a first instance decision rejecting an application for international

protection, including decisions considering applications as inadmissible or as unfounded and decisions under priority

and accelerated procedures, taken by administrative or judicial bodies during the reference period.

'Person granted refugee status at first instance' means a person covered by a first instance decision granting

refugee status, taken by administrative or judicial bodies during the reference period. Refugee status means status as

defined in Art.2(d) of Directive 2004/83/EC within the meaning of Art.1 of the Geneva Convention relating to the Status

of Refugees of 28 July 1951, as amended by the New York Protocol of 31 January 1967. According to the Art.2(c) of

that Directive refugee means a third country national who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for

reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country

of nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that

country, or a stateless person, who, being outside of the country of former habitual residence for the same reasons as

mentioned above, is unable or, owing to such fear, unwilling to return to it.

'Person granted subsidiary protection status at first instance' means a person covered by a first instance

decision granting subsidiary protection status, taken by administrative or judicial bodies during the reference period.

Subsidiary protection status means status as defined in Art.2(f) of Directive 2004/83/EC. According to the Art.2(e) of

that Directive a person eligible for subsidiary protection means a third country national or a stateless person who does

not qualify as a refugee but in respect of whom substantial grounds have been shown for believing that the person

concerned, if returned to his or her country of origin, or in the case of a stateless person, to his or her country of

22 5/2011 — Data in focus

former habitual residence, would face a real risk of suffering serious harm and is unable, or, owing to such risk,

unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country.

'Person granted authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons at first instance' means a person covered by

another first instance decision granting authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons under national law concerning

international protection, taken by administrative or judicial bodies during the reference period. It includes persons who

are not eligible for international protection as currently defined law but are nonetheless protected against removal

under the obligations that are imposed on all Member States by international refugee or human rights instruments or

on the basis of principles flowing from such instruments. Examples of such categories include persons who are not

removable on ill health grounds and unaccompanied minors.

'Dublin procedure' means a procedure according to the Council Regulation (EC) No 343/2003, establishing the

criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application lodged in

one of the Member States by a third-country national.

COUNTRY INFORMATION

Until December 2009, statistics on asylum applications in Cyprus related to the number of administrative cases

instead of individuals. This may result in underestimation of the actual number of applications, as one administrative

case may cover several family members being a subject of this application.

Due to a technical error, the registered age of accompanied minors for application and decision statistics in Italy was

the age of the principal applicant (e.g. father or mother) until February 2010 (included). This leads to an

underestimation of the share of minor asylum applicants.

The number of rejections at first instance in Italy includes a number of recommendations to issue an authorization to

stay for humanitarian reasons. These recommendations are issued by the National Asylum Commission to the Police.

Such recommendation does not guarantee the grant of an authorization to stay for humanitarian reason, and therefore

the number of first instance rejections is overestimated. Indeed, some individuals might be counted twice under the

same reference period: first as a person rejected and recommended for an authorisation to stay for humanitarian

reasons and subsequently as a person granted an authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons.

According to the Maltese authorities, the drop in the number of asylum applicants registered at the beginning of 2010

resulted from a sudden decrease in the number of boats arriving from Libya.

ABBREVIATIONS

Belgium (BE), Bulgaria (BG), Czech Republic (CZ), Denmark (DK), Germany (DE), Estonia (EE), Ireland (IE), Greece

(EL), Spain (ES), France (FR), Italy (IT), Cyprus (CY), Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT), Luxembourg (LU), Hungary (HU),

Malta (MT), the Netherlands (NL), Austria (AT), Poland (PL), Portugal (PT), Romania (RO), Slovenia (SI), Slovakia

(SK), Finland (FI), Sweden (SE), the United Kingdom (UK), Iceland (IS), Lichtenstein (LI), Norway (NO) and

Switzerland (CH).

EU ASYLUM POLICY

The Directorate-General for Home Affairs (DG HOME) is responsible for developing EU policies on asylum. For more

information please see:

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/index_en.htm 23

Data in focus — 5/2011


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DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in analisi economica delle istituzioni internazionali
SSD:
A.A.: 2011-2012

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Differenziali Economici e Migrazioni e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università La Sapienza - Uniroma1 o del prof Giacomello Paola.

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