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Precautionary Principle and its Policy Implications Appunti scolastici Premium

Materiale didattico per il corso di Theories of Regulation della prof.ssa Laura Ammannati. Trattasi della presentazione di Ana Morcodean riguardante il concetto di Precautionary Principle, il Germany Beer Case e le implicazioni politiche e soicali dell'applicazione del principio.

Esame di Theories of Regulation docente Prof. L. Ammannati

Anteprima

ESTRATTO DOCUMENTO

“If we wait for threats to fully materialize, we will have waited too long”

“I believe it is essential that when we see a threat, we deal with those

threats before they become imminent.” George W. Bush (june 3, 2002)

Source: cited in C. Sunstein, Laws of Fear, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005

The Concept

A term which describes a cautious approach to managing potential

 threats to the environment, human, animal, or plant health;

We hear about precautionary principle when scientific evidence is

 inconclusive, or when there is a possible risk;

The precautionary principle stands for the proposition that when in

 doubt, authorities should err on the side of caution and should act

without waiting for certainty.

Possible Missuse of the Precautionary Principle

It could be used to justify unwarranted restrictions on trade;

 Unclear determination of the “level” of protection chosen;

 There is firm scientific basis for choosing among different models,

 and therefore it is not clear where one should stop;

The EU Member States seem to be suspicious of the findings of the

 Community's scientific commitees and increasingly tend to rely on

the determinations of their own regulatory bodies.

Different interpretations

There is an indirect reference to a precautionary approach in Art.5(7)

of the WTO SPS agreement. WTO states are allowed to take

measures unsupported by a risk assesment, when the relevant

scientific evidence is insufficient, but only provisionally.

On the other hand, the European Commision interprets this condition

in terms of the time necessary to achieve a sufficient level of

scientific certainty.


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DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in economics and political science
SSD:
Università: Milano - Unimi
A.A.: 2011-2012

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Theories of Regulation e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Milano - Unimi o del prof Ammannati Laura.

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