Precautionary Principle and its Policy Implications
“If we wait for threats to fully materialize, we will have waited too long”
“I believe it is essential that when we see a threat, we deal with those
threats before they become imminent.” George W. Bush (june 3, 2002)
Source: cited in C. Sunstein, Laws of Fear, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005
A term which describes a cautious approach to managing potential
threats to the environment, human, animal, or plant health;
We hear about precautionary principle when scientific evidence is
inconclusive, or when there is a possible risk;
The precautionary principle stands for the proposition that when in
doubt, authorities should err on the side of caution and should act
without waiting for certainty.
Possible Missuse of the Precautionary Principle
It could be used to justify unwarranted restrictions on trade;
Unclear determination of the “level” of protection chosen;
There is firm scientific basis for choosing among different models,
and therefore it is not clear where one should stop;
The EU Member States seem to be suspicious of the findings of the
Community's scientific commitees and increasingly tend to rely on
the determinations of their own regulatory bodies.
There is an indirect reference to a precautionary approach in Art.5(7)
of the WTO SPS agreement. WTO states are allowed to take
measures unsupported by a risk assesment, when the relevant
scientific evidence is insufficient, but only provisionally.
On the other hand, the European Commision interprets this condition
in terms of the time necessary to achieve a sufficient level of
+1 anno fa
I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Theories of Regulation e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Milano - Unimi o del prof Ammannati Laura.
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