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In decline?

Labour backbenchers — the most supine Members of Parliament in

British history — must decide where their loyalty lies.

Roy Hattersley (2005)

The House of Commons… had [1995] yet to adopt that posture of

slavishness and ineffectuality that now characterises it.

Simon Heffer (2005)

­

The University of Nottingham

In decline?

It is one of the assured parts of his [Blair’s] legacy that he

leaves the House of Commons in a far worse state than

he found it. The place is a glimmer of its former self...

Henry Porter (2007)

The University of Nottingham

In decline? The Executive in Britain is now

more powerful in relation to

Parliament than it has been

probably since the time of

Walpole…

The whips have enforced party

discipline more forcefully and fully

than they did in the past.

The University of Nottingham

Four criticisms

• Blair’s attitude

• ‘Modernisation’

• Lords reform

• Labour MPs – especially the women

The University of Nottingham

But imagine a parliament…

• With rock solid discipline

• With part­time MPs, with no resources

• With MPs isolated from their constituents

• With no investigatory scrutiny committees

• With a defunct second chamber

The University of Nottingham

MPs now more likely…

• to come from their constituency

• to live in their constituencies

• to have staffed offices in their constituency

• to spend time in the constituency

• to receive mail (and emails)

• to be writing to their constituents

The University of Nottingham

The rise of the Lords

• Effectively dead in 1950s

• More than 400 defeats since 1999

• Russell and Scaria: 40% stick

• Forget Tony’s cronies

• Hung (29%) – and will stay so (until election)

The University of Nottingham

Modernisation

• Meaningless term ­ meaning different things to different people

• Patchy – and dependent on people (both LoH and CW)

• But not all bad:

• Changes to Select Committees

• Standing Committees

• PQs

• Timetable

• Carry­over

• Westminster Hall,

• Liaison Committee

The University of Nottingham

…and more likely to defy the whip

• A majority of 60+, but four defeats

• Free votes and other retreats

• Rebellions runs at 28% in first session

• Other victories by single figures

• Other victories thanks to Conservative support

The University of Nottingham

% rate of rebellion, whole parliament

25

20

15

10

5

0 O

45 50 51 55 59 64 66 70 74 79 83 87 92 97 01

74

19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20

19

19

Parliament

The University of Nottingham


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DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea in scienze internazionali e istituzioni europee
SSD:
Università: Milano - Unimi
A.A.: 2011-2012

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Politica comparata e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Milano - Unimi o del prof Giuliani Marco.

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