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I Have a Dream by Martin Luther King, Jr.

I have a Dream

by Martin Luther King, Jr.

Delivered on the steps at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963

I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the

history of our nation.

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation

Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had

been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

But one hundred years later, the Negro is still not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly

crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives

on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro

is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. So we have come

here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the

magnificent words of the Constitution and the declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to

which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men,

would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned.

Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has

come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to

believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this

check - a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come

to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of

cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy.

Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the

time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make

justice a reality for all of God's children.

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro's

legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is

not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will

have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America

til the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our

nation until the bright day of justice emerges.

But there is something that I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of

justice. In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy

our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.

We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative

protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting

physical force with soul force. The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead

us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have

come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny and their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.

We cannot walk alone.

And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are

those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as

the Negro is the first victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our

bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities.

We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has

nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters

and righteousness like a mighty stream. 1 de 2


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DESCRIZIONE DISPENSA

Dispensa per il corso di Storia degli Stati Uniti d'America del prof. Daniele Fiorentino. Trattasi del celebre discorso del Rev. Martin Luther King "I Have a Dream" pronunciato nel 1963 al termine della marcia su Washington, imponente manifestazione con la quale la minoranza afro-americana reclamò la concessione dei diritti civili.


DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in relazioni internazionali
SSD:
A.A.: 2011-2012

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Storia degli Stati Uniti d'America e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Roma Tre - Uniroma3 o del prof Fiorentino Daniele.

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