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UNSC Resolution 743

• United Nations Security Council Resolution 743,

adopted unanimously on February 21, 1992, after

reaffirming resolutions 713 (1991), 721 (1991),

724 (1991), 727 (1992) and 740 (1992), and

considering that the situation in the Socialist

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia constitutes a

threat to international peace and stability, the

Council established a peacekeeping mission in the

country, known as the United Nations Protection

Force (UNPROFOR), with the aim of reaching a

peaceful political settlement in the region.

Carrington-Cutileiro Peace Plan

February 1992

UNSC Resolution 816 (March 31, 1993)

Operation Deny Flight

• UNSC Resolution 781 (October 9, 1992) prohibited

unauthorized military flights in Bosnian airspace.

Accordingly, NATO began Operation Sky Monitor to

monitor violations of the no-fly zone, without taking any

military action against violators. By April 1993, NATO

forces had documented more than 500 violations of the no-

fly zone.

• UNSC Resolution 816 (March 31, 1993) prohibited all

flights in Bosnian air space and authorized UN member

states to "take all necessary measures...to ensure

compliance" with the restrictions. In response to this

resolution, NATO commenced Operation Deny Flight on

April 12, 1993.

UNSC Resolution 824

May 6, 1983

• [….. ] Declares that the capital city of the Republic of Bosnia and

Herzegovina, Sarajevo, and other such threatened areas, in particular

the towns of Tuzla, Zepa, Gorazde, Bihac, as well as Srebrenica,

and their surroundings should be treated as safe areas by all the parties

concerned and should be free from armed attacks and from any other

hostile act;

• Further declares that in these safe areas the following should be

observed:

• The immediate cessation of armed attacks or any hostile act against

these safe areas, and the withdrawal of all Bosnian Serb military or

paramilitary units from these towns to a distance wherefrom they cease

to constitute a menace to their security and that of their inhabitants to

be monitored by United Nations military observers;

• Full respect by all parties of the rights of the United Nations Protection

Force (UNPROFOR) and the international humanitarian agencies to

free and unimpeded access to all safe-areas in the Republic of Bosnia

and Herzegovina and full respect for the safety of the personnel

engaged in these operations;

Vance-Owen Peace Plan

Rejected May 6, 1993

Owen- Stoltenberg Plan

Rejected, August 29, 1993

La situazione, 1994

Deny Flight, 1994-1995

Number of days since Operation DENY FLIGHT started = 983

"No-Fly" Zone fighter sorties flown over Bosnia-Herzegovina =

23,021

Close Air Support and Air Strike sorties over Bosnia-

Herzegovina = 27,077

Sorties by SEAD, NAEW, tanker, reconnaissance and support

aircraft = 29,158

Number of training missions flown = 21,164

Grand total = 100,420

NATO’s First Combat

On 28 February 94, four NATO fighters shot down four fixed-wing

aircraft violating the UN "No-Fly" zone. NATO Airborne Early

Warning aircraft (NAEW) detected unknown tracks South of Banja

Luka early that morning. Two NATO aircraft, U.S. Air Force F-16s,

were vectored to the area and intercepted six GALEB/JASTREB

aircraft. In accordance with the rules of engagement, two "land or

exit the No-Fly Zone or be engaged" orders were issued which were

ignored. While this was happening the violating aircraft dropped

bombs. The NATO fighters engaged the planes, shooting down three

of them. A second pair of NATO fighters, U.S. Air Force F-16s,

arrived and shot down a fourth violator. The remaining two violators

left the airspace of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Lt Gen Bertrand de Lapresle, UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-

Ghali, Mr.Yasushi Akashi, and Lt Gen Sir Michael Rose


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DESCRIZIONE DISPENSA

Dispensa per il corso di "Europa dopo la fine della guerra fredda" del prof. Leopoldo Nuti, all'interno della quale è affrontato il tema del processo di dissoluzione dello stato jugoslavo durante gli anni Novanta, con particolare riguardo a: la guerra dei dieci giorni, la risoluzione 743 dell'Onu, in Piano Vance-Owen, il primo intervento della Nato e la guerra in Bosnia-Erzegovina, la creazione della federazione bosniaca.


DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in relazioni internazionali
SSD:
A.A.: 2010-2011

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di L'Europa dopo la fine della guerra fredda e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Roma Tre - Uniroma3 o del prof Nuti Leopoldo.

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