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JAPAN

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Yoshida 22.05.46 373 1.00 0.00 0.50

2 Katayama/Ashida 30.05.47 508 0.00 0.00 0.00

3 Yoshida 19.10.48 120 0.00 1.00 0.50

4 Yoshida 16.02.49 497 0.00 0.00 0.00

5a Yoshida 28.06.50 854 1.00 1.00 1.00

5b Yoshida 29.10.52 204 1.00 1.00 1.00

6 Yoshida 21.05.53 567 0.00 1.00 0.50

7a Hatoyama 09.12.54 100 0.00 0.50 0.25

7b Hatoyama 19.03.55 248 0.00 1.00 0.50

8a Hatoyama/Ishibashi/

Kishi 22.11.55 933 1.00 0.50 0.75

8b Kishi/Ikeda 12.06.58 910 1.00 0.50 0.75

8c Ikeda 08.12.60 1096 1.00 0.50 0.75

8d Ikeda/Sato 09.12.63 1166 1.00 0.50 0.75

8e Sato 17.02.67 1062 1.00 0.50 0.75

8f Sato/Tanaka 14.01.70 1073 1.00 0.50 0.75

8g Tanaka/Miki 22.12.72 1463 1.00 0.50 0.75

8h Fukuda/Ohira 24.12.76 1049 0.00 0.50 0.25

8i Ohira 08.11.79 252 0.00 0.50 0.25

8j Suzuki/Nakasone 17.07.80 1257 0.00 0.50 0.25

9 Nakasone 26.12.83 939 0.00 0.00 0.00

10a Nakasone/Takeshita/

Uno/Kaifu 22.07.86 1317 0.00 0.50 0.25

10b Kaifu/Miyazawa 28.02.90 1258 0.00 0.50 0.25

11 Hosokawa 09.08.93 262 0.00 0.00 0.00

12 Hata 28.04.94 63 0.00 0.00 0.00

13 Murayama/Mashimoto 30.06.94 732 0.00 0.00 0.00

LUXEMBOURG

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Dupong 20.11.45 466 0.00 0.00 0.00

2a Dupong 01.03.47 501 1.00 0.00 0.50

2b Dupong 14.07.48 1084 1.00 0.00 0.50

3a Dupong/Bech 03.07.51 1092 1.00 0.00 0.50

3b Bech/Frieden 29.06.54 1702 0.00 0.00 0.00

4 Werner 25.02.59 1970 1.00 0.00 0.50

5 Werner 18.07.64 1658 1.00 0.00 0.50

6 Werner 31.01.69 1961 1.00 0.00 0.50

7 Thorn 15.06.74 1856 1.00 0.00 0.50

8 Werner 15.07.79 1832 1.00 0.00 0.50

9a Santer 20.07.84 1820 1.00 0.00 0.50

9b Santer 14.07.89 1825 1.00 0.00 0.50

9c Santer/Juncker 13.07.94 719 1.00 0.00 0.50

MALTA

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE Page 24

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NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Borg Olivier 28.03.66 1904 1.00 1.00 1.00

2a Mintoff 14.06.71 1923 1.00 1.00 1.00

2b Mintoff 18.09.76 1911 1.00 1.00 1.00

2c Mintoff/Mifsud B. 12.12.81 1970 1.00 1.00 1.00

3a Fenech Adami 05.05.87 1754 1.00 1.00 1.00

3b Fenech Adami 22.02.92 1591 1.00 1.00 1.00

MAURITIUS

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Ramgoolam 28.12.76 1995 1.00 0.00 0.50

2 Jugnauth 15.06.82 286 0.00 0.00 0.00

3 Jugnauth 28.03.83 152 0.00 0.00 0.00

4 Jugnauth 27.08.83 177 0.00 0.00 0.00

5 Jugnauth 20.02.84 900 0.00 0.00 0.00

6a Jugnauth 08.08.86 392 0.00 0.00 0.00

6b Jugnauth 04.09.87 346 0.00 0.00 0.00

7 Jugnauth 15.08.88 770 0.00 0.00 0.00

8a Jugnauth 24.09.90 361 0.00 0.00 0.00

8b Jugnauth 20.09.91 1242 0.00 0.00 0.00

9 Jugnauth 13.02.95 320 0.00 0.00 0.00

10 Ramgoolam 30.12.95 184 0.00 0.00 0.00

NETHERLANDS

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Beel 03.07.46 766 1.00 0.00 0.50

2 Drees 07.08.48 1487 0.00 0.00 0.00

3a Drees 02.09.52 1502 0.00 0.00 0.00

3b Drees 13.10.56 800 0.00 0.00 0.00

4 Beel 22.12.58 148 1.00 0.00 0.50

5a de Quay 19.05.59 1527 0.00 0.00 0.00

5b Marijnen 24.07.63 643 0.00 0.00 0.00

6 Cals 27.04.65 574 0.00 0.00 0.00

7 Zijlstra 22.11.66 132 0.00 0.00 0.00

8 de Jong 03.04.67 1555 1.00 0.00 0.50

9 Biesheuvel 06.07.71 408 1.00 0.00 0.50

10 Biesheuvel 17.08.72 267 0.00 0.00 0.00

11 den Uyl 11.05.73 1683 0.00 0.00 0.00

12 van Agt 19.12.77 1362 1.00 0.00 0.50

13 van Agt 11.09.81 260 0.00 0.00 0.00

14 van Agt 29.05.82 159 0.00 0.00 0.00

15a Lubbers 04.11.82 1348 1.00 0.00 0.50

15b Lubbers 14.07.86 1212 1.00 0.00 0.50

16 Lubbers 07.11.89 1749 1.00 0.00 0.50

17 Kok 22.08.94 679 1.00 0.00 0.50

NEW ZEALAND

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE Page 25

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NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Fraser 20.12.46 1084 1.00 1.00 1.00

2a Holland 08.12.49 650 1.00 1.00 1.00

2b Holland 19.09.51 1164 1.00 1.00 1.00

2c Holland/Holyoake 26.11.54 1112 1.00 1.00 1.00

3 Nash 12.12.57 1096 1.00 1.00 1.00

4a Holyoake 12.12.60 1103 1.00 1.00 1.00

4b Holyoake 20.12.63 1088 1.00 1.00 1.00

4c Holyoake 12.12.66 1106 1.00 1.00 1.00

4d Holyoake/Marshall 22.12.69 1082 1.00 1.00 1.00

5 Kirk/Rowling 08.12.72 1099 1.00 1.00 1.00

6a Muldoon 12.12.75 1097 1.00 1.00 1.00

6b Muldoon 13.12.78 1094 1.00 1.00 1.00

6c Muldoon 11.12.81 958 1.00 1.00 1.00

7a Lange 26.07.84 1119 1.00 1.00 1.00

7b Lange/Palmer/Moore 19.08.87 1171 1.00 1.00 1.00

8a Bolger 02.11.90 1122 1.00 1.00 1.00

8b Bolger 28.11.93 822 1.00 1.00 1.00

8c Bolger 28.02.96 124 0.00 1.00 0.50

NORWAY

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1a Gerhardsen 01.11.45 1439 1.00 1.00 1.00

1b Gerhardsen/Torp 10.10.49 1463 1.00 1.00 1.00

1c Torp/Gerhardsen 12.10.53 1456 1.00 1.00 1.00

1d Gerhardsen 07.10.57 1435 1.00 1.00 1.00

1e Gerhardsen 11.09.61 715 0.00 1.00 0.50

2 Lyng 27.08.63 28 0.00 0.00 0.00

3 Gerhardsen 24.09.63 748 0.00 1.00 0.50

4a Borten 11.10.65 1427 1.00 0.00 0.50

4b Borten 07.09.69 552 1.00 0.00 0.50

5 Brattelli 13.03.71 585 0.00 1.00 0.50

6 Korvald 18.10.72 363 0.00 0.00 0.00

7a Brattelli/Nordli 16.10.73 1427 0.00 1.00 0.50

7b Nordli/Brundtland 12.09.77 1493 0.00 1.00 0.50

8 Willoch 14.10.81 602 0.00 1.00 0.50

9a Willoch 08.06.83 902 1.00 0.00 0.50

9b Willoch 26.11.85 164 0.00 0.00 0.00

10 Brundtland 09.05.86 1256 0.00 1.00 0.50

11 Syse 16.10.89 383 0.00 0.00 0.00

12a Brundtland 03.11.90 1069 0.00 1.00 0.50

12b Brundtland 07.10.93 998 0.00 1.00 0.50

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Somare 09.08.77 456 0.00 0.00 0.00

2 Somare 08.11.78 491 0.00 0.00 0.00

3 Chan 13.03.80 872 0.00 0.00 0.00

4 Somare 02.08.82 973 0.00 0.00 0.00

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5 Somare 01.04.85 137 0.00 0.00 0.00

6 Somare 16.08.85 97 0.00 0.00 0.00

7 Wingti 21.11.85 622 1.00 0.00 0.50

8 Wingti 05.08.87 338 1.00 0.00 0.50

9 Namaliu 08.07.88 769 1.00 0.00 0.50

10 Namaliu 16.08.90 701 0.00 0.00 0.00

11 Wingti 17.07.92 775 1.00 0.00 0.50

12 Chan 31.08.94 670 1.00 0.00 0.50

PORTUGAL

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Soares 16.07.76 563 0.00 1.00 0.50

2 Soares 30.01.78 199 1.00 0.00 0.50

Costa/Pinto/Pintas. 17.08.78 504 [non-party-cabinet]

3a Sa Carneiro 03.01.80 281 0.00 0.00 0.00

3b Sa Carn./Balsemao 10.10.80 972 0.00 0.00 0.00

4 Soares 09.06.83 881 1.00 0.00 0.50

5 Silva 06.11.85 649 0.00 1.00 0.50

6 Silva 17.08.87 1536 0.00 0.00 0.00

7 Silva 31.10.91 1458 1.00 1.00 1.00

8 Guterres 28.10.95 247 0.00 1.00 0.50

SPAIN

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1a Su rez 15.06.77 656 0.00 1.00 0.50

1b Su rez/Calvo 02.04.79 1341 0.00 1.00 0.50

2a Gonzalez 03.12.82 1329 1.00 1.00 1.00

2b Gonzalez 24.07.86 1196 1.00 1.00 1.00

2c Gonzalez 01.11.89 1351 0.50 1.00 0.75

2d Gonzalez 14.07.93 1027 0.00 1.00 0.50

3 Aznar 06.05.96 56 0.00 1.00 0.50

SWEDEN

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Erlander 28.10.48 1067 0.00 1.00 0.50

2a Erlander 30.09.51 357 1.00 0.00 0.50

2b Erlander 21.09.52 1466 1.00 0.00 0.50

2c Erlander 26.09.56 399 1.00 0.00 0.50

3a Erlander 30.10.57 215 0.00 1.00 0.50

3b Erlander 02.06.58 852 0.00 1.00 0.50

3c Erlander 01.10.60 1464 0.00 1.00 0.50

3d Erlander 04.10.64 1456 0.00 1.00 0.50

3e Erlander/Palme 29.09.68 730 1.00 1.00 1.00

3f Palme 29.09.70 1128 0.00 1.00 0.50

3g Palme 31.10.73 1069 0.00 1.00 0.50

4 Fツlldin 04.10.76 739 1.00 0.00 0.50

5 Ullsten 13.10.78 364 0.00 1.00 0.50

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6 Fツlldin 12.10.79 588 1.00 0.00 0.50

7 Fツlldin 22.05.81 504 0.00 0.00 0.00

8a Palme 08.10.82 1092 0.00 1.00 0.50

8b Palme/Carlsson 04.10.85 1096 0.00 1.00 0.50

8c Carlsson 04.10.88 1094 0.00 1.00 0.50

9 Bildt 03.10.91 1099 0.00 0.00 0.00

10 Carlsson/Persson 06.10.94 634 0.00 1.00 0.50

SWITZERLAND

CABINET MIN ONE

NUMBER P.M./PRES. BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1a [annual 11.12.47 1463 0.00 0.00 0.00

1b rotation] 13.12.51 740 0.00 0.00 0.00

2a 22.12.53 723 0.00 0.00 0.00

2b 15.12.55 1463 1.00 0.00 0.50

3a 17.12.59 1456 0.00 0.00 0.00

3b 12.12.63 1479 0.00 0.00 0.00

3c 30.12.67 1439 0.00 0.00 0.00

3d 08.12.71 1463 0.00 0.00 0.00

3e 10.12.75 1478 0.00 0.00 0.00

3f 27.12.79 1453 0.00 0.00 0.00

3g 19.12.83 1451 0.00 0.00 0.00

3h 09.12.87 1456 0.00 0.00 0.00

3i 04.12.91 1470 0.00 0.00 0.00

3j 13.12.95 201 0.00 0.00 0.00

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1a Williams 04.11.61 1829 1.00 1.00 1.00

1b Williams 07.11.66 1659 1.00 1.00 1.00

1c Williams 24.05.71 1939 1.00 1.00 1.00

1d Williams/Chambers 13.09.76 1883 1.00 1.00 1.00

1e Chambers 09.11.81 1862 1.00 1.00 1.00

2 Robinson 15.12.86 1827 1.00 1.00 1.00

3 Manning 16.12.91 1421 1.00 1.00 1.00

4 Panday 06.11.95 238 1.00 0.00 0.50

UNITED KINGDOM

CABINET PRIME MIN ONE

NUMBER MINISTER BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1a Attlee 26.07.45 1678 1.00 1.00 1.00

1b Attlee 28.02.50 605 1.00 1.00 1.00

2a Churchill/Eden 26.10.51 1309 1.00 1.00 1.00

2b Eden/Macmillan 27.05.55 1602 1.00 1.00 1.00

2c Macm./Douglas-H. 15.10.59 1829 1.00 1.00 1.00

3a Wilson 17.10.64 536 1.00 1.00 1.00

3b Wilson 06.04.66 1536 1.00 1.00 1.00

4 Heath 20.06.70 1354 1.00 1.00 1.00

5a Wilson 05.03.74 227 0.00 1.00 0.50

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5b Wilson/Callaghan 18.10.74 647 1.00 1.00 1.00

5c Callaghan 26.07.76 1013 0.00 1.00 0.50

6a Thatcher 05.05.79 1499 1.00 1.00 1.00

6b Thatcher 12.06.83 1462 1.00 1.00 1.00

6c Thatcher/Major 13.06.87 1764 1.00 1.00 1.00

6d Major 11.04.92 1542 1.00 1.00 1.00

UNITED STATES

CABINET MIN ONE

NUMBER PRESIDENT BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1a Truman 03.01.47 731 0.50 0.75 0.62

1b Truman 03.01.49 1478 1.00 0.75 0.88

2a Eisenhower 20.01.53 713 1.00 1.00 1.00

2b Eisenhower 03.01.55 748 0.50 1.00 0.75

2c Eisenhower 20.01.57 1461 0.50 1.00 0.75

3a Kennedy/Johnson 20.01.61 1461 1.00 0.75 0.88

3b Johnson 20.01.65 1461 1.00 0.75 0.88

4a Nixon 20.01.69 1461 0.50 1.00 0.75

4b Nixon/Ford 20.01.73 1461 0.50 1.00 0.75

5 Carter 20.01.77 1461 1.00 0.75 0.88

6a Reagan 20.01.81 1461 0.75 1.00 0.88

6b Reagan 20.01.85 713 0.75 1.00 0.88

6c Reagan 03.01.87 748 0.50 1.00 0.75

6d Bush 20.01.89 1461 0.50 1.00 0.75

7a Clinton 20.01.93 713 1.00 0.75 0.88

7b Clinton 03.01.95 545 0.50 0.75 0.62

VENEZUELA

CABINET MIN ONE

NUMBER PRESIDENT BEGIN DAYS WIN PARTY MEAN

1 Betancur 13.02.59 647 0.50 0.50 0.50

2 Betancur 21.11.60 1206 0.50 0.50 0.50

3 Leoni 11.03.64 245 0.50 1.00 0.75

4 Leoni 11.11.64 1260 0.50 0.50 0.50

5 Leoni 24.04.68 321 0.50 1.00 0.75

6 Caldera 11.03.69 430 0.50 0.50 0.50

7 Caldera 15.05.70 1397 0.50 1.00 0.75

8 Pツrez 12.03.74 1826 1.00 1.00 1.00

9 Herrera 12.03.79 1788 0.50 1.00 0.75

10a Lusinchi 02.02.84 1827 1.00 1.00 1.00

10b Pツrez 02.02.89 1132 0.50 1.00 0.75

11 Pツrez 10.03.92 94 0.50 0.50 0.50

12 Pツrez 12.06.92 344 0.50 1.00 0.75

Velasquez 22.05.93 256 [non-party cabinet]

13 Caldera 02.02.94 880 0.50 0.50 0.50

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me periods, I have decided to transform my handwritten notes into printed tables/guidelines that are hopefully self-explanatory and that

s 5 through 10 which can be dealt with more briefly.

(Siaroff 1998) in which he provides ratings for the 1960s and the 1980s. The remaining one-third of the data, for the 12 developing cou

see his "Corporatism in 24 Industrial Democracies: Meaning and Measurement," European Journal of Political Research,

this also applies to the 4.5 rating for Austria and India. Belgium's overall rating is 3.1

an additional source is Alex Cukierman, Central Bank Strategy, Credibility, and Independence: Theory and Evidence (Cam

MAU, 1 turnover

or the entire 1945-96 period and also for the 1971-96 period. The corresponding values for 1945-70 are as follows:

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moreover, if such cabinets have more than one prime minister, they are counted as different cabinets (cabinet life II). In A

00 score. Scores between 1.00 and 0.00 can occur, however, as a result of adjustments for "blocking" cabinets, presidential cabinets, f

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an occur, however, as a result of adjustments for presidential cabinets, factionalized or closely linked parties, etc. See chapter 6 of Patt

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orm my handwritten notes into printed tables/guidelines that are hopefully self-explanatory and that I can mail or email to interested scho

ith more briefly.

atings for the 1960s and the 1980s. The remaining one-third of the data, for the 12 developing countries, are my own estimates. In ad

n 24 Industrial Democracies: Meaning and Measurement," European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 36, No. 2 (October 1999), pp. 1

3.0 before 1993, and 5.0 from 1993 on. The text on pp. 190-91 explains that France, Italy, and Trinidad moved from 1.0 t

s Alex Cukierman, Central Bank Strategy, Credibility, and Independence: Theory and Evidence (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992).

PNG, 0 turnovers

o for the 1971-96 period. The corresponding values for 1945-70 are as follows:

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inets have more than one prime minister, they are counted as different cabinets (cabinet life II). In Australia (1946-96), for instance, the

0.00 can occur, however, as a result of adjustments for "blocking" cabinets, presidential cabinets, factionalized or closely linked parties

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ustments for presidential cabinets, factionalized or closely linked parties, etc. See chapter 6 of Patterns of Democracy, and especially p

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AUTORE

Atreyu

PUBBLICATO

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DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea in scienze internazionali e istituzioni europee
SSD:
Università: Milano - Unimi
A.A.: 2011-2012

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Politica comparata e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Milano - Unimi o del prof Giuliani Marco.

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