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7.protection against unfavourable treatment on grounds of race, colour, ethnic origin, or sex (Articles

15 and 16);

8.the right to take industrial action (Article 17);

9.protection against expropriation or other such disposition and against restriction of the use of land or

buildings (Article 18);

10.the right to an education (Article 21).

Unless it follows otherwise from special provisions of law, a foreign national within the Realm shall be

equated with a Swedish citizen also in respect of

1.freedom of expression, freedom of information, freedom of assembly, freedom to demonstrate,

freedom of association, and freedom of worship (Article 1);

2.protection against coercion to divulge an opinion (Article 2, sentence one);

3.protection against physical violations also in cases other than cases under Articles 4 and 5, against

body searches, house searches and other such intrusions, and against violations of confidential

communications (Article 6);

4.protection against deprivation of liberty (Article 8, sentence one);

5.the right to have a deprivation of liberty other than a deprivation of liberty on account of a criminal

act or on suspicion of having committed such an act examined before a court of law (Article 9,

paragraphs two and three);

6.public court proceedings (Article 11, paragraph two);

7.protection against interventions on grounds of opinion (Article 12, paragraph two, sentence three);

8.authors', artists' and photographers' rights to their works (Article 19);

9.the right to trade or practise a profession (Article 20).

The provisions of Article 12, paragraph three; paragraph four, sentence one; and paragraph five shall

apply with respect to the special provisions of law referred to in paragraph two.

No act of law or other provision may be adopted which contravenes Sweden's undertakings

Art. 23.

under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

Chapter 3. The Riksdag

Art. 1. The Riksdag shall be appointed by means of free, secret and direct elections. In such elections,

votes shall be cast for parties, with an option for the voter to express a preference for a particular

candidate.

The Riksdag shall consist of a single chamber comprising three hundred and forty-nine members.

Alternates shall be appointed for all members.

Every Swedish citizen who is currently domiciled in the Realm or who has ever been domiciled

Art. 2.

in the Realm shall be entitled to vote in a Riksdag election. A person who has not attained the age of

eighteen on or before election day shall not be entitled to vote.

The question of whether a right to vote exists under paragraph one shall be determined on the basis of

an electoral roll drawn up prior to the election.

Art. 3. Ordinary elections for the Riksdag shall be held every four years.

Art. 4. The Government may order an extraordinary election for the Riksdag to be held between

ordinary elections. An extraordinary election shall be held within three months from the issue of such

an order.

After an election for the Riksdag has been held, the Government shall be debarred from calling an

extraordinary election until three months from the date on which the newly-elected Riksdag first

convenes. Neither may the Government call an extraordinary election while ministers remain at their

posts, pending assumption of office by a new Government, after all have been formally discharged.

Rules for an extraordinary election in a particular case are set out in Chapter 6, Article 3.

Art. 5. A newly-elected Riksdag shall convene on the fifteenth day following election day but not

before the fourth day after the result of the election has been declared.

Each election shall be valid for the period from the date on which the newly-elected Riksdag convenes

to the date on which the Riksdag elected next thereafter convenes. This period is the electoral period

of the Riksdag.

The Realm shall be divided up into constituencies for the purposes of elections for the Riksdag.

Art. 6.

The Riksdag comprises three hundred and ten fixed constituency seats and thirty-nine adjustment

seats.

The fixed constituency seats shall be distributed among the constituencies on the basis of a

calculation of the relationship between the number of persons entitled to vote in each constituency and

the total number of persons entitled to vote throughout the whole of the Realm. The distribution of

seats among the constituencies shall be determined for four years at a time.

Art. 7. The seats shall be distributed among the parties. Party shall be understood to mean any

association or group of voters which puts itself forward in an election under a particular designation.

Only a party which receives at least four per cent of the votes cast throughout the whole of the Realm

shall be entitled to share in the distribution of seats. A party receiving fewer votes shall however share

in the distribution of the fixed constituency seats in any constituency in which it receives at least twelve

per cent of the votes cast.

Art. 8. The fixed constituency seats in each constituency shall be distributed proportionately among

the parties on the basis of the election result in that constituency.

The adjustment seats shall be distributed among the parties in such a way that the distribution of all

the seats in the Riksdag, other than those fixed constituency seats which have been allocated to a

party polling less than four per cent of the national vote, is in proportion to the total number of votes

cast throughout the whole of the Realm for the respective parties participating in the distribution of

seats. If, in the distribution of the fixed constituency seats, a party obtains seats which exceed in

number the number which corresponds to the proportional representation of that party in the Riksdag,

then that party and the fixed constituency seats which it has obtained shall be

disregarded in distributing the adjustment seats. The adjustment seats shall be allocated to

constituencies after they have been distributed among the parties.

The odd number method shall be used to distribute the seats among the parties, with the first divisor

adjusted to 1.4.

Art. 9. One member shall be appointed for every seat a party obtains, together with alternates for that

member.

Only a person who is entitled to vote may be a member or alternate member of the Riksdag.

Art. 10.

Art. 11. Appeals against elections for the Riksdag may be lodged with an Election Review Board

appointed by the Riksdag. A person who has been elected a member of the Riksdag shall carry out

his duties regardless of any such appeal. If the result of the election is revised, a new member shall

take his seat immediately after the revised result has been declared. This applies in like manner to

alternate members.

The Election Review Board shall comprise a chairman, who shall be currently, or shall have been

previously, a permanent salaried judge and who may not be a member of the Riksdag, and six other

members. The members are elected after each ordinary election, as soon as the result of the election

becomes final, and serve until a new election for the Board is held. The chairman is elected

separately. There is no right of appeal against a decision of the Board.

Art. 12. Further rules concerning matters under Articles 2 to 11 and concerning the appointment of

alternates for Riksdag members shall be laid down in the Riksdag Act or in another act of law.

Chapter 4. The work of the Riksdag

Art. 1. The Riksdag shall convene in session every year. Sessions shall be held in Stockholm, unless

otherwise determined by the Riksdag or the

Speaker, having regard to the liberty or safety of parliament.

Art. 2. The Riksdag shall appoint a Speaker and First, Second, and Third Deputy Speakers from

among its members for each electoral period.

Art. 3. The Government and all members of the Riksdag may introduce proposals on any matter

coming within the jurisdiction of the Riksdag in accordance with more precise rules set out in the

Riksdag Act, unless otherwise provided in this Instrument of Government.

The Riksdag shall elect committees from among its members in accordance with rules set out in the

Riksdag Act, and these shall include a Committee on the Constitution and a Committee on Finance.

Any matter raised by the Government or by a member of the Riksdag shall be prepared by a

committee before it comes up for decision, unless otherwise provided in this Instrument of

Government.

Art. 4. When a matter comes up for decision in the Chamber, every member of the Riksdag and every

minister shall have the right to speak in accordance with more precise rules set out in the Riksdag Act.

Rules concerning grounds for disqualification are set out in the Riksdag Act.

Art. 5. When a vote is taken in the Riksdag, the opinion in which more than half of those voting concur

shall constitute the decision of the Riksdag, unless specially provided otherwise in this Instrument of

Government or, in the case of matters relating to Riksdag procedure, in a basic provision of the

Riksdag Act. Rules concerning the procedure to be followed in the event of a tied vote are set out in

the Riksdag Act.

Art. 6. A member of the Riksdag or an alternate for such a member may exercise his mandate as a

member notwithstanding any official duty or other similar obligation incumbent upon him.

No member of the Riksdag or alternate for such a member may resign his mandate without the

Art. 7.

Riksdag's consent.

Where grounds exist, the Election Review Board shall examine on its own initiative whether a

particular member or alternate member is qualified under Chapter 3, Article 10. A person pronounced

to be disqualified is deprived thereby of his mandate.

A member or alternate member may be deprived of his mandate in cases other than cases under

paragraph two only if he has proved himself manifestly unfit to hold a mandate by reason of a criminal

act. A decision in such a case shall be taken by a court of law.

No person may institute criminal proceedings against a person who holds a mandate as a

Art. 8.

member of the Riksdag, or who has held such a mandate, deprive him of liberty, or take action to

restrict his movements within the Realm on account of an act or statement made in the exercise of his

mandate, unless the Riksdag has given its consent thereto in a decision in which at least five sixths of

those voting concur.

If in any other case a member of the Riksdag is suspected of having committed a criminal act, the

relevant rules of law concerning arrest, detention or remand shall be applied only if he admits guilt or

was caught in the act, or the minimum penalty for the offence is imprisonment for at least two years.

During such time as a member is acting as Speaker or is a member of the Government, his

Art. 9.

mandate as a member shall be exercised by an alternate. The Riksdag may stipulate in the Riksdag

Act that an alternate member shall replace a member while the latter is on leave of absence.

The rules set out in Articles 6 and 8, paragraph one, concerning immunity in respect of the exercise of

a mandate as a member of the Riksdag shall apply also to the Speaker and the Speaker's mandate.

The rules relating to a member of the Riksdag shall apply also to an alternate exercising a mandate as

a member.

Art. 10. Further rules concerning the work of the Riksdag are set out in the Riksdag Act.

Chapter 5. The Head of State

Art. 1. The Head of State shall be kept informed by the Prime Minister concerning the affairs of the

Realm. The Government shall convene in special Council under the presidency of the Head of State

when so required.

No person who is not a Swedish citizen or who has not attained the age of eighteen may serve

Art. 2.

as Head of State. The Head of State may not at the same time be a member of the Government or

hold a mandate as Speaker or as a member of the Riksdag.

The Head of State shall consult the Prime Minister before undertaking travel abroad.

If, by reason of illness, foreign travel or for any other cause, the King is unavoidably prevented

Art. 3.

from performing his duties, that member of the Royal House under the valid order of succession who

is not prevented therefrom shall assume and perform the duties of the Head of State in the capacity of

Regent ad interim.

Should the Royal House become extinct, the Riksdag shall appoint a Regent to perform the

Art. 4.

duties of the Head of State until further notice. The Riksdag shall appoint a Deputy Regent at the

same time.

The same applies if the King dies or abdicates and the heir to the throne has not yet attained the age

of eighteen.

Art. 5. If the King has been continuously prevented for six months from performing his duties, or has

failed to perform his duties, the Government shall notify the matter to the Riksdag. The Riksdag shall

determine whether the King shall be deemed to have abdicated.

Art. 6. The Riksdag may appoint a person to serve, at a Government order, as Regent ad interim

when no one competent under Article 3 or 4 is in a position to serve.

The Speaker, or, in his unavoidable absence, one of the Deputy Speakers, shall serve, at a

Government order, as Regent ad interim when no other competent person is in a position to serve.

Art. 7. The King may not be prosecuted for his actions. Nor may a Regent be prosecuted for his

actions as Head of State.

Chapter 6. The Government

The Government comprises the Prime Minister and other ministers.

Art. 1.

The Prime Minister is appointed according to the procedure set out in Articles 2 to 4. The Prime

Minister appoints the other ministers.

Art. 2. When a Prime Minister is to be appointed, the Speaker shall summon for consultation

representatives from every party group in the Riksdag. The Speaker shall confer with the Deputy

Speakers and shall then place a proposal before the Riksdag.

The Riksdag shall proceed to vote on the proposal no later than the fourth day following, without prior

preparation in committee. If more than half the members of the Riksdag vote against the proposal, it is

rejected. In every other case, it is adopted.

Art. 3. If the Riksdag rejects the Speaker's proposal, the procedure set out in Article 2 shall be

repeated. If the Riksdag rejects the Speaker's proposal four times, the procedure for appointing a

Prime Minister shall be abandoned and shall be resumed only after an election for the Riksdag has

been held. If no ordinary election is due in any case to be held within three months, an extraordinary

election shall be held within the same period.

Art. 4. When the Riksdag has approved a proposal for a new Prime Minister, he shall inform the

Riksdag as soon as possible of the names of the ministers he has appointed. Government changes

hands thereafter at a special Council before the Head of State or, in his unavoidable absence, before

the Speaker. The Speaker shall always be summoned to attend such a Council.

The Speaker issues a letter of appointment for the Prime Minister on the Riksdag's behalf.

Art. 5. If the Riksdag declares that the Prime Minister or any other minister no longer enjoys the

confidence of parliament, the Speaker shall discharge the minister concerned. If the Government is in

a position to order an extraordinary election, however, no decision shall be taken to discharge the

minister, provided the Government calls an extraordinary election within one week from the

declaration of no confidence.

A minister shall be discharged if he so requests; the Prime Minister shall be discharged by the

Art. 6.

Speaker, and another minister by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister may also discharge another

minister in other circumstances.

Art. 7. If the Prime Minister is discharged or dies, the Speaker shall discharge the other ministers.

If all the members of the Government have been discharged, they shall remain at their posts

Art. 8.

until a new Government has taken office. If a minister other than the Prime Minister has been

discharged at his own request, he shall remain at his post until a successor has taken office, should

the Prime Minister so request.

Only a person who has been a Swedish citizen for at least ten years may be a minister.

Art. 9.

A minister may not have any other public or private employment. Neither may he hold any

appointment or carry on any activity likely to impair public confidence in him.

Art. 10. In the unavoidable absence of the Speaker, a Deputy Speaker shall assume the duties

incumbent upon the Speaker under the present Chapter.

Chapter 7. The work of the Government

Art. 1. Government offices shall exist for the preparation of Government business. The Government

Offices include ministries for different areas of activity. The Government allocates responsibilities

among ministries. The Prime Minister appoints the heads of the respective ministries from among the

ministers.

Art. 2. In preparing Government business the necessary information and opinions shall be obtained

from the public authorities concerned. Organisations and private persons shall be afforded an

opportunity to express an opinion where necessary.

Art. 3. Government business shall be settled by the Government at Government meetings.

Government business relating to the implementation of statutes or special Government decisions

within the armed forces may however be approved by the head of the ministry responsible for such

matters, under the supervision of the Prime Minister and to the extent laid down in law.

Art. 4. The Prime Minister shall summon the other ministers to attend Government meetings and shall

preside at such meetings. At least five ministers shall be present at a Government meeting.

Art. 5. At a Government meeting, the head of a ministry presents business falling within the purview of

his ministry. The Prime Minister may, however, prescribe that a matter or a group of matters coming

within the purview of a particular ministry shall be presented by a minister other than the head of the

ministry concerned.

Art. 6. A record shall be kept of Government meetings. A dissenting opinion shall be entered in the

record.

Art. 7. Statutes, proposals for submission to the Riksdag, and other de-

spatches of Government decisions must be signed by the Prime Minister or another minister on behalf

of the Government in order to be valid. The Government may, however, prescribe in a statutory

instrument that an official may sign a despatch of a Government decision in a particular case.

Art. 8. The Prime Minister may appoint another minister to perform his duties and act as his deputy in

his unavoidable absence. If the Prime Minister has not appointed a deputy, or if the deputy is also

unavoidably prevented from performing the duties of Prime Minister, these duties shall be assumed by

that minister among those currently in office who has been a minister longest. When two or more

ministers have been ministers for the same length of time, the minister who is senior in age takes

precedence.

Chapter 8. Acts of law and other provisions

It follows from the rules set out in Chapter 2 concerning fundamental rights and freedoms that

Art. 1.

provisions with a particular content may not be

adopted or may be adopted only by means of an act of law and that in certain cases draft legislation

shall be dealt with in a particular way.

Provisions relating to the personal status or mutual personal and economic relations of private

Art. 2.

subjects shall be laid down in an act of law. These provisions include:

1.provisions concerning Swedish citizenship;

2.provisions concerning the right to a family name, or concerning marriage and parenthood, wills and

inheritance, or family matters in general;

3.provisions concerning the right to fixed and movable property, or concerning contracts and

companies, associations, collectives and foundations.

Art. 3. Provisions concerning the relations between private subjects and the public institutions which

relate to obligations incumbent upon private subjects or which otherwise encroach on the personal or

economic circumstances of private subjects shall be laid down in an act of law. These provisions

include provisions relating to criminal acts and the legal effects of such acts, provisions concerning

taxes due the State, and provisions concerning requisition and other such disposition.

Provisions concerning the holding of a consultative referendum throughout the whole of the

Art. 4.

Realm and the procedure for holding a referendum on a matter of fundamental law shall be laid down

in an act of law.

Provisions concerning elections to a parliamentary assembly within the European Union shall also be

laid down in an act of law.

Art. 5. The principles governing changes in the division of the Realm into local government districts,

and the principles governing the organisation and working procedures of the local authorities and local

taxation shall be laid down in an act of law. Provisions concerning the competence and responsibilities

of the local authorities in other respects shall likewise be laid down in an act of law.

Art. 6. Provisions concerning religious communities shall be laid down in an act of law. Provisions

concerning the bases of the Church of Sweden as a religious community shall also be laid down in an

act of law.

The enactment, amendment or abrogation of such an act of law shall be governed by the provisions of

Article 16 concerning enactment of the Riksdag Act.

Art. 7. Without hindrance of the provisions of Article 3 or 5, the Government may, with authority in law,

adopt provisions relating to matters other than taxes by means of a statutory instrument, provided

such provisions relate to any of the following matters:

1.the protection of life, health, or personal safety;

2.the sojourn in the Realm of foreign nationals;

3.the import or export of goods, money or other assets, manufactures, transport and communications,

granting of credits, business activities, rationing, reuse and recycling of materials, design of buildings,

installations and human settlements, or the obligation to obtain a permit in respect of measures

affecting buildings and installations;

4.hunting, fishing, animal protection, or nature conservation and environmental protection;

5.the circulation of traffic or public order;

6.training and education;

7.prohibition of the disclosure of matters which have come to a person's knowledge in the public

service or while performing official duties;

8.the protection of personal integrity when processing personal data.

Authority of the nature referred to in paragraph one does not confer the right to adopt provisions

concerning the legal effects of criminal acts other than the imposition of fines. The Riksdag may also,

in an act of law granting authority under paragraph one, prescribe legal effects other than fines for

contraventions of provisions laid down by the Government by virtue of such authority.

Art. 8. Without hindrance of the provisions of Article 2, 3 or 5, the Government may, with authority in

law, adopt by means of a statutory instrument provisions concerning the granting of respites for the

meeting of obligations.

Art. 9. Without hindrance of the provisions of Article 3, the Government may, with authority in law,

adopt by means of a statutory instrument provisions concerning customs duties on the importation of

goods.

With authorisation from the Riksdag, the Government or a local authority may adopt provisions

concerning charges which otherwise fall under Article 3 to be adopted by the Riksdag.

Art. 10. With authority in law, the Government may prescribe by means of a statutory instrument, in

any matter referred to in Article 7, paragraph one, or in Article 9, that a provision of such law shall

come into force or cease to apply.

Art. 11. Where, under the present Chapter, the Riksdag authorises the Government to adopt

provisions in a particular matter, the Riksdag may authorise the Government in such context to

delegate the power to adopt regulations in the matter to an administrative authority or a local authority.

Provisions adopted by the Government by virtue of authority under the present Instrument of

Art. 12.

Government shall be submitted to the Riksdag for examination and approval should the Riksdag so

decide.

Art. 13. In addition to what follows from Articles 7 to 10 the Government may adopt by means of a

statutory instrument

1.provisions relating to the implementation of laws;

2.provisions which do not fall under fundamental law to be adopted by the Riksdag.

The Government may not by virtue of paragraph one adopt provisions which relate to the Riksdag or

authorities under the Riksdag. Nor may the Government by virtue of paragraph one, point 2, adopt

provisions which relate to local taxation.

The Government may, by means of a statutory instrument under paragraph one, delegate to an

authority under the Government the task of adopting regulations in the relevant matter. The provisions

of paragraph two notwithstanding, the Government may also employ a statutory instrument to

delegate to an authority under the Riksdag the task of adopting regulations under paragraph one

which do not relate to the internal affairs of the Riksdag or an authority under the Riksdag.

Art. 14. The power conferred on the Government to adopt provisions in a particular matter shall not

preclude the Riksdag from adopting provisions in the same matter in an act of law.

The Riksdag may direct the Riksbank in an act of law to adopt provisions coming within its sphere of

responsibility under Chapter 9.

With authority in law, an authority under the Riksdag may adopt provisions relating to the internal

affairs of the Riksdag or an authority under the Riksdag.

Fundamental law shall be enacted by means of two decisions of identical wording. The

Art. 15.

second decision may not be taken until elections for the Riksdag have been held throughout the whole

of the Realm following the first decision, and the newly-elected Riksdag has convened. At least nine

months shall elapse between the time when the matter was first submitted to the Chamber of the

Riksdag and the date of the election, unless the Committee on the Constitution grants an exception

from this provision by means of a decision taken no later than the committee stage, in which at least

five sixths of members concur.

The Riksdag may not adopt as a decision held in suspense over an election any proposal for the

enactment of fundamental law which conflicts with any other proposal concerning fundamental law

which is currently held in approving suspense, unless at the same time it rejects the proposal it first

adopted.

A referendum shall be held on a proposal concerning fundamental law which is held in suspense over

an election, on a motion to this effect by at least one tenth of members, provided at least one third of

members concur in approving the motion. Such a motion must be made within fifteen days from the

date on which the Riksdag adopted the proposal which is held in suspense. The motion shall not be

referred for preparation by a committee.

The referendum shall be held simultaneously with the election referred to in paragraph one. In the

referendum, all those entitled to vote in the election shall be entitled to state whether or not they

accept the proposal on fundamental law which is pending final decision. The proposal is rejected if a

majority of those taking part in the referendum vote against it, and if the number of those voting

against exceeds half the number of those who registered a valid vote in the election. In all other cases

the proposal shall go forward to the Riksdag for final consideration.

Art. 16. The Riksdag Act shall be enacted as prescribed in Article 15, paragraph one, sentences one

and two, and paragraph two. It may also be enacted by means of a single decision, provided at least

three quarters of those voting and more than half the total membership of the Riksdag concur.

Supplementary provisions of the Riksdag Act shall however be adopted in the same manner as

ordinary law.

Art. 17. No law may be amended or abrogated other than by an act of law. Articles 15 and 16 apply in

like manner with respect to an amendment or abrogation of fundamental law or of the Riksdag Act.

Art. 18. A Council on Legislation comprising justices of the Supreme Court and justices of the

Supreme Administrative Court shall exist to pronounce an opinion on draft legislation. The opinion of

the Council on Legislation shall be solicited by the Government or, under provisions of the Riksdag

Act, by a committee of the Riksdag.

The opinion of the Council on Legislation should be obtained before the Riksdag takes a decision on a

fundamental law concerning the freedom of the press or the corresponding freedom of expression on

sound radio, television and certain like transmissions and technical recordings, on any act of law

restricting the right of access to official documents, on any act of law under Chapter 2, Article 3,

paragraph two, Article 12, paragraph one, Articles 17 to 19 or Article 22, paragraph two, or any act of

law amending or abrogating such an act, on any act of law relating to local taxation, on any act of law

under Article 2 or 3, and on any act of law under Chapter 11, if such an act is of significance for private

subjects, or having regard to the public interest. The foregoing shall not however apply, if obtaining the

opinion of the Council on Legislation would be without significance having regard to the nature of the

matter, or would delay the handling of legislation in such a way as to cause serious detriment. If the

Government submits a proposal to the Riksdag for the making of an act of law in any matter referred

to in sentence one, and there has been no prior consultation of the Council on Legislation, the

Government shall at the same time inform the Riksdag of the reason for the omission. Failure to obtain

the opinion of the Council on Legislation on a draft law shall never constitute an obstacle to application

of the law.

The Council's scrutiny shall relate to

1.the way in which the draft law relates to the fundamental laws and the legal system in general;

2.the way in which the different provisions of the draft law relate to each other;

3.the way in which the draft law relates to the requirements of the rule of law;

4.whether the draft law is so framed that the resulting law may be expected to satisfy the stated

purposes of the draft law;

5.what problems are likely to arise in applying the law.

More precise rules concerning the composition and working procedures of the Council on Legislation

shall be laid down in an act of law.

Any act of law which has been approved shall be issued by the Government without delay. An

Art. 19.

act containing provisions relating to the Riksdag or authorities under the Riksdag which shall not be

incorporated

into fundamental law or into the Riksdag Act may however be issued by the Riksdag.

Laws shall be published as soon as possible. The same applies to statutory instruments, unless

otherwise laid down in law.

Chapter 9. Financial power

Art. 1. Rules concerning the right to approve taxes and charges due the State are set out in Chapter

8.

Art. 2. State funds may not be used other than as determined by the Riksdag.

The Riksdag approves the use of such funds for different purposes by adopting a budget in

accordance with Articles 3 to 5. The Riksdag may, however, determine how funds shall be employed

according to some other procedure.

Art. 3. The Riksdag shall adopt a budget for the following budget year or, if special reasons so

warrant, for some other budgetary period. In this connection, the Riksdag shall estimate revenues and

make appropriations for particular purposes. Decisions taken in this connection shall be incorporated

into a national budget.

The Riksdag may decide that a particular appropriation within the national budget shall be made for a

period other than the budgetary period.

When adopting a budget under this Article, the Riksdag shall have regard to the need for funds for the

defence of the Realm in time of war, danger of war, or other exceptional circumstance.

If time does not permit final adoption of the national budget under Article 3 before the start of

Art. 4.

the budgetary period, the Riksdag shall approve appropriations as required to cover the period until a

budget is adopted for the budgetary period concerned. The Riksdag may authorise the Committee on

Finance to take such a decision on the Riksdag's behalf.

The Riksdag may revise its revenue estimates for the current budget year, alter appropriations

Art. 5.

already approved, and determine new appropriations in a supplementary budget.

Art. 6. The Government shall submit proposals for a national budget to the Riksdag.

Art. 7. The Riksdag may lay down guidelines for a particular activity of the State covering a period

exceeding that for which appropriations have been made for the activity concerned, in conjunction with

approval of the budget or in some other context.

Art. 8. Funds and other assets of the State shall be at the disposal of the Government. This provision

shall not, however, apply to assets intended for the Riksdag or for authorities under the Riksdag or

which have been set aside by law for special administration.

Art. 9. The Riksdag shall determine the principles for the administration and disposition of State

property as required. The Riksdag may prescribe in this connection that measures of a particular

nature may not be taken without the consent of parliament.

The Government may not take up loans or otherwise assume financial obligations on behalf of

Art. 10.

the State unless authorised by the Riksdag.

Art. 11. The Government is responsible for general currency policy questions. Other provisions

concerning currency policy shall be laid down in an act of law.

The Riksbank is the central bank of the Realm and an authority under the Riksdag. The

Art. 12.

Riksbank is responsible for monetary policy. No public authority may determine how the Riksbank

shall decide in matters of monetary policy.

The Riksbank shall have a Governing Council comprising eleven members, who shall be elected by

the Riksdag. The Riksbank shall be managed by an Executive Board appointed by the Governing

Council.

The Riksdag considers whether the members of the Governing Council and the Executive Board shall

be granted discharge of responsibility. If the Riksdag refuses a member of the Governing Council

discharge of responsibility he shall be severed thereby from his appointment. The Governing Council

may sever a member of the Executive Board from his appointment only provided he no longer fulfils

the requirements laid down for performing his duties or if he has been guilty of gross negligence.

Rules concerning elections for the Governing Council and concerning the management and activities

of the Riksbank shall be laid down in an act of law.

Art. 13. The Riksbank alone shall have the right to issue coinage and banknotes. Further rules

concerning the monetary and payment system shall be laid down in an act of law.

Chapter 10. Relations with other states


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DESCRIZIONE DISPENSA

Materiale didattico per il corso di Diritto costituzionale italiano e comparato della professoressa Chiara Bologna. Trattasi del testo completo della Costituzione svedese composta di quattro leggi fondamentali di cui la più importante è la "Instrument of Government", e aggiornata con le modifiche costituzionali apportate negli anni.


DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea in studi internazionali
SSD:
Università: Bologna - Unibo
A.A.: 2007-2008

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Diritto costituzionale italiano e comparato e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Bologna - Unibo o del prof Bologna Chiara.

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