Accordo di coalizione tra conservatori e liberali britannici - 2010
16 The Coalition: our programme for government
We will make modest cuts of £6 billion to We will establish a full system of feed-in tariffs
non-front-line services within the financial in electricity – as well as the maintenance of
year 2010/11, subject to advice from the banded Renewables Obligation Certificates.
Treasury and the Bank of England on their • We will introduce measures to promote a
feasibility and advisability. A proportion of huge increase in energy from waste through
these savings can be used to support jobs. anaerobic digestion.
• We will hold a full Spending Review reporting • We will create a green investment bank.
this autumn, following a fully consultative • We will retain energy performance
process involving all tiers of government and certificates while scrapping HIPs.
the private sector.
We will reduce spending on the Child Trust We will introduce measures to encourage
Fund and tax credits for higher earners. marine energy.
We will create strong financial discipline at all We will establish an emissions performance
levels of government and place an obligation standard that will prevent coal-fired power
on public servants to manage taxpayers’ stations being built unless they are equipped
money wisely. with sufficient carbon capture and storage to
meet the emissions performance standard.
• We will reduce the number and cost of • We will cancel the third runway at Heathrow.
quangos. • We will refuse permission for additional
runways at Gatwick and Stansted.
10. ENERGY AND CLIMATE •
CHANGE We will replace Air Passenger Duty with a
The Government believes that climate change •
is one of the gravest threats we face, and that We will introduce a floor price for carbon,
urgent action at home and abroad is required. and make efforts to persuade the EU to move
We need to use a wide range of levers to cut towards full auctioning of ETS permits.
carbon emissions, decarbonise the economy • Through our ‘Green Deal’, we will encourage
and support the creation of new green jobs home energy efficiency improvements paid
and technologies. We will implement a full for by savings from energy bills. We will also
programme of measures to fulfil our joint take measures to improve energy efficiency in
ambitions for a low carbon and eco-friendly businesses and public sector buildings. We will
economy. reduce central government carbon emissions
• We will push for the EU to demonstrate by 10% within 12 months.
leadership in tackling international climate • We will reform energy markets to deliver
change, including by supporting an increase in security of supply and investment in low
the EU emission reduction target to 30% by carbon energy, and ensure fair competition
2020. including a review of the role of Ofgem.
• We will seek to increase the target for energy • We will instruct Ofgem to establish a security
from renewable sources, subject to the advice guarantee of energy supplies.
of the Climate Change Committee. • We will give an Annual Energy Statement to
• We will continue public sector investment in Parliament to set strategic energy policy and
carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology guide investment.
for four coal-fired power stations. • We will deliver an offshore electricity grid in
• We will establish a smart grid and roll out order to support the development of a new
smart meters. generation of offshore wind power. 17
The Coalition: our programme for government
• 11. ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND
We will encourage community-owned
renewable energy schemes where local people RURAL AFFAIRS
benefit from the power produced. We will The Government believes that we need to
also allow communities that host renewable protect the environment for future generations,
energy projects to keep the additional make our economy more environmentally
business rates they generate. sustainable, and improve our quality of life and
• As part of the creation of a green investment well-being. We also believe that much more
bank, we will create green financial products needs to be done to support the farming
to provide individuals with opportunities to industry, protect biodiversity and encourage
invest in the infrastructure needed to support sustainable food production.
the new green economy. • We will introduce measures to make the
• We will work towards an ambitious global import or possession of illegal timber a
climate deal that will limit emissions and criminal offence.
explore the creation of new international • We will introduce measures to protect
sources of funding for the purpose of climate wildlife and promote green spaces and wildlife
change adaptation and mitigation. corridors in order to halt the loss of habitats
• Liberal Democrats have long opposed any and restore biodiversity.
new nuclear construction. Conservatives, • We will launch a national tree planting
by contrast, are committed to allowing campaign.
the replacement of existing nuclear power
stations provided that they are subject to the • We will review the governance arrangements
normal planning process for major projects of National Parks in order to increase local
(under a new National Planning Statement), accountability.
and also provided that they receive no public • We will work towards full compliance with
subsidy. European Air Quality standards.
• We will implement a process allowing • We will take forward the findings of the Pitt
the Liberal Democrats to maintain their Review to improve our flood defences, and
opposition to nuclear power while permitting prevent unnecessary building in areas of high
the Government to bring forward the flood risk.
National Planning Statement for ratification by
Parliament so that new nuclear construction • We will examine the conclusions of the Cave
becomes possible. This process will involve: and Walker Reviews, and reform the water
industry to ensure more efficient use of water
– the Government completing the drafting of and the protection of poorer households.
a national planning statement and putting it
before Parliament; • We will work towards a ‘zero waste’
economy, encourage councils to pay people to
– specific agreement that a Liberal Democrat recycle, and work to reduce littering.
spokesperson will speak against the
Planning Statement, but that Liberal • We will reduce the regulatory burden on
Democrat MPs will abstain; and farmers by moving to a risk-based system of
regulation, and will develop a system of extra
– clarity that this will not be regarded as an support for hill farmers.
issue of confidence.
18 The Coalition: our programme for government
• 12. EQUALITIES
We will investigate ways to share with
livestock keepers the responsibility for The Government believes that there are
preparing for and dealing with outbreaks of many barriers to social mobility and equal
disease. opportunities in Britain today, with too many
• We will take forward the Marine and Coastal children held back because of their social
Access Act and ensure that its conservation background, and too many people of all ages held
measures are implemented effectively. back because of their gender, race, religion or
sexuality. We need concerted government action
• As part of a package of measures, we will to tear down these barriers and help to build a
introduce a carefully managed and science-led fairer society.
policy of badger control in areas with high and •
persistent levels of bovine tuberculosis. We will promote equal pay and take a range
of measures to end discrimination in the
• We will promote high standards of farm workplace.
animal welfare. We will end the testing of •
household products on animals and work We will extend the right to request flexible
to reduce the use of animals in scientific working to all employees, consulting with
research. We will promote responsible pet business on how best to do so.
ownership by introducing effective codes of • We will undertake a fair pay review in the
practice under the Animal Welfare Act, and public sector to implement our proposed
will ensure that enforcement agencies target ‘20 times’ pay multiple.
irresponsible owners of dangerous dogs. • We will look to promote gender equality on
• We will ensure that food procured by the boards of listed companies.
government departments, and eventually the •
whole public sector, meets British standards We will promote improved community
of production wherever this can be achieved relations and opportunities for Black, Asian
without increasing overall cost. and Minority Ethnic (BAME) communities,
including by providing internships for under-
• We will investigate measures to help with fuel represented minorities in every Whitehall
costs in remote rural areas, starting with pilot department and funding a targeted national
schemes. enterprise mentoring scheme for BAME
• We will create a presumption in favour of people who want to start a business.
sustainable development in the planning • We will stop the deportation of asylum
system. seekers who have had to leave particular
• We oppose the resumption of commercial countries because their sexual orientation or
whaling, will press for a ban on ivory sales, and gender identification puts them at proven risk
will tackle the smuggling and illegal trade on of imprisonment, torture or execution.
wildlife through our new Border Police Force. • We will use our relationships with other
• We will bring forward a motion on a free vote countries to push for unequivocal support for
enabling the House of Commons to express gay rights and for UK civil partnerships to be
its view on the repeal of the Hunting Act. recognised internationally. 19
The Coalition: our programme for government
13. EUROPE We will approach forthcoming legislation in
the area of criminal justice on a case-by-case
The Government believes that Britain should play basis, with a view to maximising our country’s
a leading role in an enlarged European Union, but security, protecting Britain’s civil liberties
that no further powers should be transferred to and preserving the integrity of our criminal
Brussels without a referendum. This approach justice system. Britain will not participate
strikes the right balance between constructive in the establishment of any European Public
engagement with the EU to deal with the issues Prosecutor.
that affect us all, and protecting our national • We support the further enlargement of the
• We will ensure that the British Government is
a positive participant in the European Union, 14. FAMILIES AND CHILDREN
playing a strong and positive role with our
partners, with the goal of ensuring that all The Government believes that strong and stable
the nations of Europe are equipped to face families of all kinds are the bedrock of a strong
the challenges of the 21st century: global and stable society. That is why we need to
competitiveness, global warming and global make our society more family friendly, and to
poverty. take action to protect children from excessive
• We will ensure that there is no further commercialisation and premature sexualisation.
transfer of sovereignty or powers over • We will maintain the goal of ending child
the course of the next Parliament. We will poverty in the UK by 2020.
examine the balance of the EU’s existing •
competences and will, in particular, work to We will reform the administration of tax
limit the application of the Working Time credits to reduce fraud and overpayments.
Directive in the United Kingdom. • We will bring forward plans to reduce the
• We will amend the 1972 European couple penalty in the tax credit system as we
Communities Act so that any proposed make savings from our welfare reform plans.
future treaty that transferred areas of power, • We support the provision of free nursery care
or competences, would be subject to a for pre-school children, and we want that
referendum on that treaty – a ‘referendum support to be provided by a diverse range of
lock’. We will amend the 1972 European providers, with a greater gender balance in the
Communities Act so that the use of any early years workforce.
passerelle would require primary legislation. • We will take Sure Start back to its original
• We will examine the case for a United purpose of early intervention, increase its
Kingdom Sovereignty Bill to make it clear that focus on the neediest families, and better
ultimate authority remains with Parliament. involve organisations with a track record of
• We will ensure that Britain does not join or supporting families. We will investigate ways
prepare to join the Euro in this Parliament. of ensuring that providers are paid in part by
the results they achieve.
• We will strongly defend the UK’s national •
interests in the forthcoming EU budget We will refocus funding from Sure Start
negotiations and agree that the EU budget peripatetic outreach services, and from the
should only focus on those areas where the Department of Health budget, to pay for
EU can add value. 4,200 extra Sure Start health visitors.
We will press for the European Parliament to We will investigate a new approach to helping
have only one seat, in Brussels. families with multiple problems.
20 The Coalition: our programme for government
We will publish serious case reviews, with We will work to establish a new ‘special
identifying details removed. relationship’ with India and seek closer
engagement with China, while standing
• We will review the criminal records and firm on human rights in all our bilateral
vetting and barring regime and scale it back to relationships.
common sense levels. • We will maintain a strong, close and frank
• We will crack down on irresponsible relationship with the United States.
advertising and marketing, especially to • We want to strengthen the Commonwealth
children. We will also take steps to tackle as a focus for promoting democratic values
the commercialisation and sexualisation of and development.
We will encourage shared parenting from the We will work to promote stability in the
earliest stages of pregnancy – including the Western Balkans.
promotion of a system of flexible parental • We will support concerted international
leave. efforts to prevent Iran from obtaining a
• We will put funding for relationship support nuclear weapon.
on a stable, long-term footing, and make sure • We support reform of the UN Security
that couples are given greater encouragement Council, including permanent seats for
to use existing relationship support. Japan, India, Germany, Brazil and African
• We will conduct a comprehensive review representation.
of family law in order to increase the use • We will work to intensify our cultural,
of mediation when couples do break up, educational, commercial and diplomatic links
and to look at how best to provide greater with many nations beyond Europe and North
access rights to non-resident parents and America to strengthen the UK’s relations
grandparents. with the fastest-growing areas of the world
15. FOREIGN AFFAIRS • We will never condone the use of torture.
The Government believes that Britain must
always be an active member of the global 16. GOVERNMENT
community, promoting our national interests TRANSPARENCY
while standing up for the values of freedom,
fairness and responsibility. This means working The Government believes that we need to throw
as a constructive member of the United Nations, open the doors of public bodies, to enable the
NATO and other multilateral organisations public to hold politicians and public bodies to
including the Commonwealth; working to account. We also recognise that this will help to
promote stability and security; and pushing for deliver better value for money in public spending,
reform of global institutions to ensure that they and help us achieve our aim of cutting the
reflect the modern world. record deficit. Setting government data free will
• bring significant economic benefits by enabling
We will take forward our shared resolve businesses and non-profit organisations to build
to safeguard the UK’s national security and innovative applications and websites.
support our Armed Forces in Afghanistan and
elsewhere. • We will require public bodies to publish online
• the job titles of every member of staff and the
We will push for peace in the Middle East, salaries and expenses of senior officials paid
with a secure and universally recognised more than the lowest salary permissible in Pay
Israel living alongside a sovereign and viable
Palestinian state. 21
The Coalition: our programme for government
Band 1 of the Senior Civil Service pay scale,
and organograms that include all positions in The Government believes that immigration
those bodies. has enriched our culture and strengthened our
• We will require anyone paid more than the economy, but that it must be controlled so that
Prime Minister in the centrally funded public people have confidence in the system. We also
sector to have their salary signed off by the recognise that to ensure cohesion and protect
Treasury. our public services, we need to introduce a cap
on immigration and reduce the number of non-
• We will regulate lobbying through introducing EU immigrants.
a statutory register of lobbyists and ensuring •
greater transparency. We will introduce an annual limit on the
number of non-EU economic migrants
• We will also pursue a detailed agreement on admitted into the UK to live and work.
limiting donations and reforming party funding We will consider jointly the mechanism for
in order to remove big money from politics. implementing the limit.
• We will strengthen the powers of Select • We will end the detention of children for
Committees to scrutinise major public immigration purposes.
appointments. • We will create a dedicated Border Police
• We will introduce new protections for Force, as part of a refocused Serious
whistleblowers in the public sector. Organised Crime Agency, to enhance national
• We will take steps to open up government security, improve immigration controls and
procurement and reduce costs; and we will crack down on the trafficking of people,
publish government ICT contracts online. weapons and drugs. We will work with police
forces to strengthen arrangements to deal
• We will create a level playing field for open- with serious crime and other cross-boundary
source software and will enable large ICT policing challenges, and extend collaboration
projects to be split into smaller components. between forces to deliver better value for
• We will require full, online disclosure of all money.
central government spending and contracts • We support E-borders and will reintroduce
over £25,000. exit checks.
• We will create a new ‘right to data’ so that • We will apply transitional controls as a matter
government-held datasets can be requested of course in the future for all new EU Member
and used by the public, and then published on States.
a regular basis. • We will introduce new measures to minimise
• We will require all councils to publish meeting abuse of the immigration system, for example
minutes and local service and performance via student routes, and will tackle human
data. trafficking as a priority.
• We will require all councils to publish items of • We will explore new ways to improve the
spending above £500, and to publish contracts current asylum system to speed up the
and tender documents in full. processing of applications.
• We will ensure that all data published by
public bodies is published in an open and
standardised format, so that it can be used
easily and with minimal cost by third parties.
22 The Coalition: our programme for government •
18. INTERNATIONAL We will push hard in 2010 to make greater
progress in tackling maternal and infant
The Government believes that even in these • We will work to accelerate the process of
difficult economic times, the UK has a moral relieving Heavily Indebted Poor Countries of
responsibility to help the poorest people in the their debt.
world. We will honour our aid commitments, •
but at the same time will ensure much greater We will support efforts to establish an
transparency and scrutiny of aid spending to International Arms Trade Treaty to limit the
deliver value for money for British taxpayers and sales of arms to dangerous regimes.
to maximise the impact of our aid budget. • We will support pro-development trade
• We will honour our commitment to spend deals, including the proposed Pan-African Free
0.7% of GNI on overseas aid from 2013, and Trade Area.
to enshrine this commitment in law. • We will support innovative and effective
• We will encourage other countries to fulfil smaller British non-governmental
their aid commitments. organisations that are committed to tackling
• We will support actions to achieve the •
Millennium Development Goals. In particular, We will explore ways of helping the very
we will prioritise aid spending on programmes poorest developing countries to take part in
to ensure that everyone has access to clean international climate change negotiations.
water, sanitation, healthcare and education; to • We will ensure that UK Trade and Investment
reduce maternal and infant mortality; and to and the Export Credits Guarantee
restrict the spread of major diseases like HIV/ Department become champions for British
AIDS, TB and malaria. We will recognise the companies that develop and export innovative
vital role of women in development, promote green technologies around the world, instead
gender equality and focus on the rights of of supporting investment in dirty fossil-fuel
women, children and disabled people to energy production.
access services. • We will provide a more integrated approach
• We will use the aid budget to support the to post-conflict reconstruction where the
development of local democratic institutions, British military is involved – building on the
civil society groups, the media and enterprise; Stabilisation Unit in Whitehall and creating a
and support efforts to tackle corruption. new Stabilisation and Reconstruction Force to
• We will introduce full transparency in aid bridge the gap between the military and the
and publish details of all UK aid spending reconstruction effort.
online. We will push for similarly high levels of • We will review what action can be taken
transparency internationally. against ‘vulture funds’.
• We will create new mechanisms to give British • We will support reform of global financial
people a direct say in how an element of the institutions such as the World Bank and
aid budget is spent. the International Monetary Fund in order
• We will keep aid untied from commercial to increase the involvement of developing
interests, and will maintain DfID as an nations.
independent department focused on poverty
• We will stick to the rules laid down by the
OECD about what spending counts as aid. 23
The Coalition: our programme for government
19. JOBS AND WELFARE We will draw on a range of Service Academies
to offer pre-employment training and work
The Government believes that we need to placements for unemployed people.
encourage responsibility and fairness in the • We will develop local Work Clubs – places
welfare system. That means providing help for where unemployed people can gather to
those who cannot work, training and targeted exchange skills, find opportunities, make
support for those looking for work, but contacts and provide mutual support.
sanctions for those who turn down reasonable
offers of work or training. • We will investigate how to simplify the
• benefit system in order to improve incentives
We will end all existing welfare to work to work.
programmes and create a single welfare to
work programme to help all unemployed
people get back into work. 20. JUSTICE
• We will ensure that Jobseeker’s Allowance The Government believes that more needs to
claimants facing the most significant barriers be done to ensure fairness in the justice system.
to work are referred to the new welfare This means introducing more effective sentencing
to work programme immediately, not after policies, as well as overhauling the system of
12 months as is currently the case. We will rehabilitation to reduce reoffending and provide
ensure that Jobseeker’s Allowance claimants greater support and protection for the victims of
aged under 25 are referred to the programme crime.
after a maximum of six months. • We will introduce a ‘rehabilitation revolution’
• We will realign contracts with welfare to that will pay independent providers to reduce
work service providers to reflect more closely reoffending, paid for by the savings this new
the results they achieve in getting people back approach will generate within the criminal
into work. justice system.
• We will reform the funding mechanism used • We will conduct a full review of sentencing
by government to finance welfare to work policy to ensure that it is effective in
programmes to reflect the fact that initial deterring crime, protecting the public,
investment delivers later savings through punishing offenders and cutting reoffending. In
lower benefit expenditure, including creating particular, we will ensure that sentencing for
an integrated work programme with outcome drug use helps offenders come off drugs.
funding based upon the DEL/AME switch. • We will explore alternative forms of secure,
• We will ensure that receipt of benefits for treatment-based accommodation for mentally
those able to work is conditional on their ill and drugs offenders.
willingness to work. • We will implement the Prisoners’ Earnings
• We support the National Minimum Wage Act 1996 to allow deductions from the
because of the protection it gives low- earnings of prisoners in properly paid work to
income workers and the incentives to work it be paid into the Victims’ Fund.
provides. • We will consider how to use proceeds from
• We will re-assess all current claimants of the Victim Surcharge to deliver up to 15 new
Incapacity Benefit for their readiness to work. rape crisis centres, and give existing rape crisis
Those assessed as fully capable for work will centres stable, long-term funding.
be moved onto Jobseeker’s Allowance. • We will carry out a fundamental review of
• We will support would-be entrepreneurs Legal Aid to make it work more efficiently.
through a new programme – Work for
Yourself – which will give the unemployed
access to business mentors and start-up loans.
24 The Coalition: our programme for government
• 22. NHS
We will change the law so that historical
convictions for consensual gay sex with over- The Government believes that the NHS is an
16s will be treated as spent and will not show important expression of our national values.
up on criminal records checks. We are committed to an NHS that is free at the
• We will extend anonymity in rape cases to point of use and available to everyone based on
defendants. need, not the ability to pay. We want to free
NHS staff from political micromanagement,
• We will introduce effective measures to tackle increase democratic participation in the NHS
anti-social behaviour and low-level crime, and make the NHS more accountable to the
including forms of restorative justice such as patients that it serves. That way we will drive up
Neighbourhood Justice Panels. standards, support professional responsibility,
deliver better value for money and create a
21. NATIONAL SECURITY healthier nation.
• We will guarantee that health spending
The Government believes that its primary increases in real terms in each year of the
responsibility is to ensure national security. We Parliament, while recognising the impact this
need a coherent approach to national security decision will have on other departments.
issues across government, and we will take action
to tackle terrorism, and its causes, at home and • We will stop the top-down reorganisations
abroad. of the NHS that have got in the way of
• patient care. We are committed to reducing
We have established a National Security duplication and the resources spent on
Council and appointed a National Security administration, and diverting these resources
Adviser. back to front-line care.
• We have commenced a Strategic Defence and • We will significantly cut the number of health
Security Review, commissioned and overseen quangos.
by the National Security Council, with strong
Treasury involvement. We will also develop • We will cut the cost of NHS administration
and publish a new National Security Strategy. by a third and transfer resources to support
• doctors and nurses on the front line.
We will urgently review Control Orders, as
part of a wider review of counter-terrorist • We will stop the centrally dictated closure of
legislation, measures and programmes. We A&E and maternity wards, so that people have
will seek to find a practical way to allow the better access to local services.
use of intercept evidence in court. • We will strengthen the power of GPs as
• We will deny public funds to any group that patients’ expert guides through the health
has recently espoused or incited violence or system by enabling them to commission care
hatred. We will proscribe such organisations, on their behalf.
subject to the advice of the police and security • We will ensure that there is a stronger voice
and intelligence agencies. for patients locally through directly elected
• We believe that Britain should be able to individuals on the boards of their local
deport foreign nationals who threaten primary care trust (PCT). The remainder
our security to countries where there are of the PCT’s board will be appointed by the
verifiable guarantees that they will not be relevant local authority or authorities, and
tortured. We will seek to extend these the Chief Executive and principal officers will
guarantees to more countries. be appointed by the Secretary of State on the
advice of the new independent NHS board.
This will ensure the right balance between 25
The Coalition: our programme for government
• We will seek to stop foreign healthcare
locally accountable individuals and technical professionals working in the NHS unless they
expertise. have passed robust language and competence
• The local PCT will act as a champion for tests.
patients and commission those residual • Doctors and nurses need to be able to use
services that are best undertaken at a wider their professional judgement about what is
level, rather than directly by GPs. It will also right for patients and we will support this by
take responsibility for improving public health giving front-line staff more control of their
for people in their area, working closely working environment.
with the local authority and other local
organisations. • We will strengthen the role of the Care
• If a local authority has concerns about a Quality Commission so it becomes an
significant proposed closure of local services, effective quality inspectorate. We will develop
for example an A&E department, it will have Monitor into an economic regulator that will
the right to challenge health organisations, oversee aspects of access, competition and
and refer the case to the Independent price-setting in the NHS.
Reconfiguration Panel. The Panel would then • We will establish an independent NHS
provide advice to the Secretary of State for board to allocate resources and provide
Health. commissioning guidelines.
• We will give every patient the right to choose • We will enable patients to rate hospitals and
to register with the GP they want, without doctors according to the quality of care they
being restricted by where they live. received, and we will require hospitals to be
• We will develop a 24/7 urgent care service in open about mistakes and always tell patients if
every area of England, including GP out-of- something has gone wrong.
hours services, and ensure every patient can • We will measure our success on the health
access a local GP. We will make care more results that really matter – such as improving
accessible by introducing a single number cancer and stroke survival rates or reducing
for every kind of urgent care and by using hospital infections.
technology to help people communicate with • We will publish detailed data about the
their doctors. performance of healthcare providers online,
• We will renegotiate the GP contract and so everyone will know who is providing a
incentivise ways of improving access to good service and who is falling behind.
primary care in disadvantaged areas. • We will put patients in charge of making
• We will make the NHS work better by decisions about their care, including control of
extending best practice on improving their health records.
discharge from hospital, maximising the • We will create a Cancer Drugs Fund to
number of day care operations, reducing enable patients to access the cancer drugs
delays prior to operations, and where possible their doctors think will help them, paid for
enabling community access to care and using money saved by the NHS through our
treatments. pledge to stop the rise in Employer National
• We will help elderly people live at home Insurance contributions from April 2011.
for longer through solutions such as home • We will reform NICE and move to a system
adaptations and community support of value-based pricing, so that all patients can
programmes. access the drugs and treatments their doctors
• We will prioritise dementia research within think they need.
the health research and development budget.
26 The Coalition: our programme for government
We will introduce a new dentistry contract We will phase out the default retirement age
that will focus on achieving good dental health and hold a review to set the date at which the
and increasing access to NHS dentistry, with state pension age starts to rise to 66, although
an additional focus on the oral health of it will not be sooner than 2016 for men and
schoolchildren. 2020 for women. We will end the rules
requiring compulsory annuitisation at 75.
• We will provide £10 million a year beyond • We will implement the Parliamentary and
2011 from within the budget of the Health Ombudsman’s recommendation
Department of Health to support children’s to make fair and transparent payments to
hospices in their vital work. And so that Equitable Life policy holders, through an
proper support for the most sick children independent payment scheme, for their
and adults can continue in the setting of their relative loss as a consequence of regulatory
choice, we will introduce a new per-patient failure.
funding system for all hospices and providers
of palliative care. • We will explore the potential to give people
• We will encourage NHS organisations to greater flexibility in accessing part of their
work better with their local police forces to personal pension fund early.
clamp down on anyone who is aggressive and • We will protect key benefits for older people
abusive to staff. such as the winter fuel allowance, free TV
• We are committed to the continuous licences, free bus travel, and free eye tests and
improvement of the quality of services to prescriptions.
patients, and to achieving this through much • We will simplify the rules and regulations
greater involvement of independent and relating to pensions to help reinvigorate
voluntary providers. occupational pensions, encouraging
• We will give every patient the power companies to offer high-quality pensions to
to choose any healthcare provider that all employees, and we will work with business
meets NHS standards, within NHS prices. and the industry to support auto enrolment.
This includes independent, voluntary and
community sector providers. 24. POLITICAL REFORM
The Government believes that our political
23. PENSIONS AND OLDER system is broken. We urgently need fundamental
PEOPLE political reform, including a referendum on
electoral reform, much greater co-operation
The Government believes that people deserve across party lines, and changes to our political
dignity and respect in old age, and that they system to make it far more transparent and
should be provided with the support they accountable.
need. That means safeguarding key benefits and •
pensions, and taking action to make it easier for We will establish five-year fixed-term
older people to work or volunteer. Parliaments. We will put a binding motion
before the House of Commons stating that
• We will restore the earnings link for the basic the next general election will be held on the
state pension from April 2011, with a ‘triple first Thursday of May 2015. Following this
guarantee’ that pensions are raised by the motion, we will legislate to make provision
higher of earnings, prices or 2.5%. for fixed-term Parliaments of five years. This
• We will commit to establishing an legislation will also provide for dissolution if
independent commission to review the long- 55% or more of the House votes in favour.
term affordability of public sector pensions,
while protecting accrued rights. 27
The Coalition: our programme for government
We will bring forward a Referendum Bill on We will cut the perks and bureaucracy
electoral reform, which includes provision for associated with Parliament.
the introduction of the Alternative Vote in the • We will consult with the Independent
event of a positive result in the referendum, Parliamentary Standards Authority on how
as well as for the creation of fewer and more to move away from the generous final-salary
equal sized constituencies. We will whip pension system for MPs.
both Parliamentary parties in both Houses • We will fund 200 all-postal primaries over
to support a simple majority referendum on this Parliament, targeted at seats which have
the Alternative Vote, without prejudice to not changed hands for many years. These
the positions parties will take during such a funds will be allocated to all political parties
referendum. with seats in Parliament that they take up, in
• We will bring forward early legislation to proportion to their share of the total vote in
introduce a power of recall, allowing voters the last general election.
to force a by-election where an MP is found • We will ensure that any petition that secures
to have engaged in serious wrongdoing and 100,000 signatures will be eligible for formal
having had a petition calling for a by-election debate in Parliament. The petition with the
signed by 10% of his or her constituents. most signatures will enable members of the
• We will establish a committee to bring public to table a bill eligible to be voted on in
forward proposals for a wholly or mainly Parliament.
elected upper chamber on the basis of • We will introduce a new ‘public reading stage’
proportional representation. The committee for bills to give the public an opportunity to
will come forward with a draft motion by comment on proposed legislation online, and
December 2010. It is likely that this will a dedicated ‘public reading day’ within a bill’s
advocate single long terms of office. It is committee stage where those comments will
also likely that there will be a grandfathering be debated by the committee scrutinising
system for current Peers. In the interim, the bill.
Lords appointments will be made with the
objective of creating a second chamber that • We will improve the civil service, and make
is reflective of the share of the vote secured it easier to reward the best civil servants and
by the political parties in the last general remove the least effective.
election. • We will reform the Civil Service
• We will bring forward the proposals of Compensation Scheme to bring it into line
the Wright Committee for reform to the with practice in the private sector.
House of Commons in full – starting with • We will put a limit on the number on Special
the proposed committee for management Advisers.
of backbench business. A House Business
Committee, to consider government business, • We will introduce extra support for people
will be established by the third year of the with disabilities who want to become MPs,
Parliament. councillors or other elected officials.
• We will reduce electoral fraud by speeding • We will open up Whitehall recruitment by
up the implementation of individual voter publishing central government job vacancies
• We will establish a commission to consider • We will publish details of every UK project
the ‘West Lothian question’. that receives over £25,000 of EU funds.
• We will prevent the possible misuse of • We will give residents the power to instigate
Parliamentary privilege by MPs accused of local referendums on any local issue.
28 The Coalition: our programme for government
• 25. PUBLIC HEALTH
We will stop plans to impose supplementary
business rates on firms if a majority of the The Government believes that we need action to
firms affected do not give their consent. promote public health, and encourage behaviour
• We will give residents the power to veto change to help people live healthier lives. We
excessive council tax increases. need an ambitious strategy to prevent ill-health
which harnesses innovative techniques to help
• We will continue to promote peace, stability people take responsibility for their own health.
and economic prosperity in Northern Ireland, •
standing firmly behind the agreements We will give local communities greater
negotiated and institutions they establish. control over public health budgets with
We will work to bring Northern Ireland back payment by the outcomes they achieve in
into the mainstream of UK politics, including improving the health of local residents.
producing a government paper examining • We will give GPs greater incentives to tackle
potential mechanisms for changing the public health problems.
corporation tax rate in Northern Ireland. • We will investigate ways of improving access
• We will implement the proposals of the to preventative healthcare for those in
Calman Commission and introduce a disadvantaged areas to help tackle health
referendum on further Welsh devolution. inequalities.
• We will review the control and use of • We will ensure greater access to talking
accumulated and future revenues from the therapies to reduce long-term costs for the
Fossil Fuel Levy in Scotland. NHS.
• We recognise the concerns expressed by
the Holtham Commission on the system of 26. SCHOOLS
devolution funding. However, at this time,
the priority must be to reduce the deficit The Government believes that we need to
and therefore any change to the system reform our school system to tackle educational
must await the stabilisation of the public inequality, which has widened in recent years,
finances. Depending on the outcome of the and to give greater powers to parents and pupils
forthcoming referendum, we will establish a to choose a good school. We want to ensure
process similar to the Calman Commission high standards of discipline in the classroom,
for the Welsh Assembly. We will take robust standards and the highest quality teaching.
forward the Sustainable Homes Legislative We also believe that the state should help
Competence Order. parents, community groups and others come
• together to improve the education system by
We will make the running of government starting new schools.
more efficient by introducing enhanced
Departmental Boards which will form • We will promote the reform of schools in
collective operational leadership of order to ensure that new providers can
government departments. enter the state school system in response to
parental demand; that all schools have greater
freedom over the curriculum; and that all
schools are held properly to account.
• We will fund a significant premium for
disadvantaged pupils from outside the schools
budget by reductions in spending elsewhere.
• We will give parents, teachers, charities and
local communities the chance to set up new 29
The Coalition: our programme for government
• We will keep external assessment, but will
schools, as part of our plans to allow new review how Key Stage 2 tests operate in
providers to enter the state school system in future.
response to parental demand.
We will support Teach First, create Teach We will ensure that all new Academies follow
Now to build on the Graduate Teacher an inclusive admissions policy. We will work
Programme, and seek other ways to improve with faith groups to enable more faith schools
the quality of the teaching profession. and facilitate inclusive admissions policies in as
many of these schools as possible.
• We will reform the existing rigid national pay
and conditions rules to give schools greater
freedoms to pay good teachers more and deal 27. SOCIAL ACTION
with poor performance. The Government believes that the innovation
• We will help schools tackle bullying in schools, and enthusiasm of civil society is essential
especially homophobic bullying. in tackling the social, economic and political
challenges that the UK faces today. We will
• We will simplify the regulation of standards in take action to support and encourage social
education and target inspection on areas of responsibility, volunteering and philanthropy, and
failure. make it easier for people to come together to
• We will give anonymity to teachers accused improve their communities and help one another.
by pupils and take other measures to protect • We will support the creation and expansion
against false accusations. of mutuals, co-operatives, charities and social
• We will seek to attract more top science and enterprises, and enable these groups to have
maths graduates to be teachers. much greater involvement in the running of
• We will publish performance data on •
educational providers, as well as past exam We will give public sector workers a new
papers. right to form employee-owned co-operatives
and bid to take over the services they deliver.
• We will create more flexibility in the exams This will empower millions of public sector
systems so that state schools can offer workers to become their own boss and help
qualifications like the IGCSE. them to deliver better services.
• We will reform league tables so that schools • We will train a new generation of community
are able to focus on, and demonstrate, the organisers and support the creation of
progress of children of all abilities. neighbourhood groups across the UK,
• We will give heads and teachers the powers especially in the most deprived areas.
they need to ensure discipline in the • We will take a range of measures to
classroom and promote good behaviour. encourage charitable giving and philanthropy.
• We believe the most vulnerable children • We will introduce National Citizen Service.
deserve the very highest quality of care. The initial flagship project will provide a
We will improve diagnostic assessment for programme for 16 year olds to give them a
schoolchildren, prevent the unnecessary chance to develop the skills needed to be
closure of special schools, and remove the bias active and responsible citizens, mix with
towards inclusion. people from different backgrounds, and start
• We will improve the quality of vocational getting involved in their communities.
education, including increasing flexibility for • We will use funds from dormant bank
14–19 year olds and creating new Technical accounts to establish a ‘Big Society
Academies as part of our plans to diversify Bank’, which will provide new finance for
30 The Coalition: our programme for government 29. TAXATION
neighbourhood groups, charities, social
enterprises and other non-governmental The Government believes that the tax system
bodies. needs to be reformed to make it more
• We will take a range of measures to competitive, simpler, greener and fairer. We need
encourage volunteering and involvement in to take action to ensure that the tax framework
social action, including launching a national day better reflects the values of this Government.
to celebrate and encourage social action, and • We will increase the personal allowance
make regular community service an element for income tax to help lower and middle
of civil service staff appraisals. income earners. We will announce in the
first Budget a substantial increase in the
28. SOCIAL CARE AND personal allowance from April 2011, with the
benefits focused on those with lower and
DISABILITY middle incomes. This will be funded with the
The Government believes that people needing money that would have been used to pay for
care deserve to be treated with dignity and the increase in employee National Insurance
respect. We understand the urgency of thresholds proposed by the Conservative
reforming the system of social care to provide Party, as well as revenues from increases
much more control to individuals and their in Capital Gains Tax rates for non-business
carers, and to ease the cost burden that they and assets as described below. The increase in
their families face. employer National Insurance thresholds
proposed by the Conservatives will go ahead
• We will establish a commission on long-term in order to stop the planned jobs tax.
care, to report within a year. The commission •
will consider a range of ideas, including both We will further increase the personal
a voluntary insurance scheme to protect the allowance to £10,000, making real terms steps
assets of those who go into residential care, each year towards meeting this as a longer-
and a partnership scheme as proposed by term policy objective. We will prioritise
Derek Wanless. this over other tax cuts, including cuts to
• We will break down barriers between •
health and social care funding to incentivise We will also ensure that provision is made
preventative action. for Liberal Democrat MPs to abstain on
budget resolutions to introduce transferable
• We will extend the greater roll-out of tax allowances for married couples without
personal budgets to give people and their prejudice to the coalition agreement.
carers more control and purchasing power. • We will reform the taxation of air travel by
• We will use direct payments to carers and switching from a per-passenger to a per-plane
better community-based provision to improve duty, and will ensure that a proportion of any
access to respite care. increased revenues over time will be used to
• We will reform Access to Work, so disabled help fund increases in the personal allowance.
people can apply for jobs with funding already • We will seek ways of taxing non-business
secured for any adaptations and equipment capital gains at rates similar or close to those
they will need. applied to income, with generous exemptions
for entrepreneurial business activities.
• We will make every effort to tackle tax
avoidance, including detailed development of
Liberal Democrat proposals. 31
The Coalition: our programme for government
We will increase the proportion of tax We will support sustainable travel initiatives,
revenue accounted for by environmental including the promotion of cycling and
taxes. walking, and will encourage joint working
between bus operators and local authorities.
• We will take measures to fulfil our EU treaty • We are committed to fair pricing for rail
obligations in regard to the taxation of travel.
holiday letting that do not penalise UK-based
businesses. • We will work towards the introduction of
• We will review the taxation of non-domiciled a new system of HGV road user charging to
individuals. ensure a fairer arrangement for UK hauliers.
• We will stop central government funding for
new fixed speed cameras and switch to more
30. TRANSPORT effective ways of making our roads safer,
The Government believes that a modern including authorising ‘drugalyser’ technology.
transport infrastructure is essential for a dynamic • We will tackle rogue private sector wheel
and entrepreneurial economy, as well as to clampers.
improve well-being and quality of life. We need
to make the transport sector greener and more
sustainable, with tougher emission standards and 31. UNIVERSITIES AND FURTHER
support for new transport technologies. EDUCATION
• We will mandate a national recharging The Government believes that our universities
network for electric and plug-in hybrid are essential for building a strong and innovative
vehicles. economy. We will take action to create more
• We will grant longer rail franchises in order to college and university places, as well as help
give operators the incentive to invest in the to foster stronger links between universities,
improvements passengers want – like better colleges and industries.
services, better stations, longer trains and • We will seek ways to support the creation of
better rolling stock. apprenticeships, internships, work pairings,
• We will reform the way decisions are made and college and workplace training places as
on which transport projects to prioritise, part of our wider programme to get Britain
so that the benefits of low carbon proposals working.
(including light rail schemes) are fully • We will set colleges free from direct state
recognised. control and abolish many of the further
• We will make Network Rail more accountable education quangos. Public funding should be
to its customers. fair and follow the choices of students.
• We will establish a high speed rail network as • We will await Lord Browne’s final report into
part of our programme of measures to fulfil higher education funding, and will judge its
our joint ambitions for creating a low carbon proposals against the need to:
economy. Our vision is of a truly national high – increase social mobility;
speed rail network for the whole of Britain.
Given financial constraints, we will have to – take into account the impact on student
achieve this in phases. debt;
• We support Crossrail and further – ensure a properly funded university sector;
electrification of the rail network. – improve the quality of teaching;
• We will turn the rail regulator into a powerful – advance scholarship; and
+1 anno fa
Materiale didattico per il corso di Politica comparata del prof. Marco Giuliani. Trattasi dell'accordo di coalizione stipulato tra il Partito Conservatore britannico ed il Partito Liberale britannico all'indomani delle elezioni del 2010, con il quale il premier David Cameron e il suo vice Nick Clegg esponevano il loro programma di governo.
I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Politica comparata e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Milano - Unimi o del prof Giuliani Marco.
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