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  • Traduzione in italiano urgente!!

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violetta96 - Sapiens - 490 Punti

There were many factors that made drama the main form of Elizabethan art. The Elizabethan age was characterised by a wide range of interests and vitality of language. There was the persistence of popular customs of speech and thought, and entertainment was rooted in the communal life of medieval towns and villages. Furthermore, drama was addressed to a mixed public more trained in listening than in reading and more accustomed to group life than to privacy. A third social factor needs to be considered. The City of London authorities were hostile to public performances, but the Queen enjoyed plays and the Privy Council supported them. This is why theatres were built in suburbs, especially in Southwark which was beyond the authorities' control and accessible across the Thames. The development of a mercantile society provided the ideal atmosphere in which the newly built theatres could prosper as commercial enterprises. Literary playwrights borrowed freely from popular sources, or from material already familiar through older plays, ballads, or sermons. From the tradition of medieval drama came: the tendency to think of a play as a kind of animated sermon where the characters and situations are allegorical types; scenes of vivid caricature and realistic comedy; the mingling of comedy and tragedy. The ideas of man's place inside an ordered universe and of the mutability of fortunes and the stars were also topical in the new theatre. This medieval, popular heritage merged with the classical influence promoted by humanism. Thanks to the spread of translations, Italian plays became the sources of much Elizabethan theatre, together with the influence of Italian commedia dell'arte companies which travelled throughout England in the middle of the 16th century. The English stage also owed much to the works of Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) in the display of horrors, unnatural crimes, vice and corruption. On the other hand, the Elizabethan theatre shared many features with the Greek: it was a public, nationalistic theatre with its celebration of English history. Moreover, it was deeply influenced by the Latin poet and philosopher Seneca (4 B.C.-65 A.D.) in the division of the play into five acts, in the tragic and bloody incidents, in the taste for revenge, and in making good rhetoric out of conflicting emotions and passions. Thomas Kyd's very popular The Spanish Tragedy (ca. 1585) was a typical Senecan revenge play full of ghosts and horror, mixed with Machiavellian ingredients such as intrigues, lies and villains. Kyd also added the 'play within the play' (the plot includes the staging of a play whose audience is composed of the actors) as a device to verify the truth of a message concerning the characters of the real play.

Suzy90 - Moderatore - 9412 Punti
Dovresti provare a proporci una tua bozza, e solo allora possiamo darti una mano a correggere o a capire pezzi difficili. Qui c'è un riassunto in italiano che tratta gli stessi temi e ti può essere utile:
easyfix - Ominide - 7 Punti
Metti un pezzo più piccolo o fai una bozza e la potremmo correggere
Questo topic è bloccato, non sono ammesse altre risposte.
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