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Zayet
Zayet - Erectus - 118 Punti
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Ciao a tutti in passato avevo chiesto un aiuto per una traduzione da italiano ad inglese e mi è stata fatta tramite google translate (ovviamente cambiando qualche verbo perchè a volte sbaglia) Non è che qualcuno potrebbe riaiutarmi?.. Ho riaperto la domanda perchè mi è stata chiusa.. mi servirebbero queste traduzioni in inglese perchè poi dovrei anche impararmeli.. grazie in anticipo


La riforma che avenne nella prima metà del sedicesimo secolo, ebbe l’effetto di diminuire il potere internazionale della chies di roma. La germania capeggiata da Martin Luther che diede nascita alla chiesa protestante. L’inghilterra divenne protestante e elementi tradizionali del pensiero cattolico furono messi in questione. La differenza tra i protestanti e i cattolici riguardò la relazione tra Chiesa e Stato. Luther accettò il potere del re sulla chiesa perciò il re divenne più potente. Ciò significò che la chiesa protestante era più debole politicamente. Enrico VII era desideroso di avere un erede maschio, ma sua moglie di vent’anni mise alla luce una femmina: Mary. Enrico pensò di divorziarsi da sua moglie e sposare un’altra donna ma entrò in conflitto con la chiesa cattolica e il Papa Clemente VII lo scomunicò. Enrico fece un passo che dovette influenzare ogni aspetto della vita britannica, cioè approvò l’atto di supremazia e si dichiarò capo della chiesa anglicana. Lo studioso scrittore Thomas More si rifiutò di riconoscere l’atto di supremazia e per questo motivo fu accusato di tradimento e fu decapitato. Con Anne Boleyn, Enrico VII ebbe un’altra figlia, Elisabetta. Nel 1536 Anna Boleyn fu uccisa e il re si sposò ancora 4 volte. Solo la sua terza moglie gli diede un erede maschio: Edward VI

Nel 1558, Elizabeth divenne regina. Fu durante il suo regno che il rinascimento inglese raggiunse il suo punto più alto. Il regno di Elizabeth fu un periodo di grande significato politico per l’inghilterra dando al paese un senso di stabilità. Elizabeth si circondò di intelligenti consiglieri che divennero parte del suo consiglio privato formato da circa 20 membri. Nel 1570 il papa Pio V scomunicò Elizabeth e spinse i cattolici a deporla. Ciò portò alla soppressione di molti complotti contro di lei. Il regno di Elizabeth coincise con l’inizio dell’impero britannico, fu in parte il supporto di Elizabeth alla marina che portò l’inghilterra a diventare una delle nazioni più potenti in europa. La spagna fu una delle principali rivali e il suo principale successo militare fu la vittoria della flotta inglese contro l’armata spagnola nel 1588. Ci fu anche l’esplorazione di nuove terre, gli esploratori più famosi furono Sir Francis Drake che circumnavigò il globo e Sir Walter Raleigh che portò in inghilterra tabacco e patate dall’america.A dispetto dell’ernome pressione, Elizabeth non si sposò mai e fu nota come la vergine regina. Lei usò la sua castità come arma politica per mantenere la stabilità del paese. Con il suo carisma, Elizabeth catturò l’immaginazione di molti poeti e scrittori, un esempio famoso è Edmund Spenser il cui poeta epico The Faerie Queene fu in parte un tentativo di adulare Elizabeth e vederla come il capo di un impero riformale. La figura più influente per creare questa visione fu John Dee. In uno delle sue opere lui affermava un potere navale forte per difendere il paese. Elizabeth era considerata come il centro intorno al quale tutto girava. La teoria tolemaica medievale affermava che la terra fosse il centro del cosmo intorno al quale girava il sole e tutti gli altri pianeti. Le scoperte rivoluzionarie di Copernico furono considerate essere sovversive e anche la chiesa le considerò eretiche. L’astronomia elisabettiana fu dominata e limitata dalla loro nozione di gerarghia sociale e naturale in tutte le cose. Le persone colte elisabettiane si riunivano nelle stanze private per discutere delle teorie che non potevano essere ammesse in pubblico, mentre gli scrittori stavano bene attenti a nascondere le idee sovversive all’interno di una struttura morale accettata.

juventina1992
juventina1992 - Genius - 7849 Punti
Salva

The reform that happened in the first half of the sixteenth century had the effect of reducing the international power of the church of Rome. Germany was led by Martin Luther who gave
birth to the Protestant church. The England became Protestant and traditional elements of Catholic thought were put in question. The difference between the Protestants and Catholics concerned the relationship between Church and State. Luther accepted the power of the king over the church, therefore the king became more powerful. This meant that the Protestant church was weaker politically. Henry VII was eager to have a male heir but his wife of twenty years old had a daughter, Mary. Enrico decided to divorce by his wife and marry another woman but came into conflict with the Catholic church and the Pope Clement VII excommunicated him. Henry took a step that had to affect every aspect of British life, i.e. approved the act of supremacy and declared himself head of the Anglican church. The writer and scholar Thomas More refused to recognize the act of supremacy, and for this reason was accused of treason and was beheaded. With Anne Boleyn, Henry VII had another daughter Elizabeth. In 1536 Anne Boleyn was killed and the king married again 4 times. Only his third wife bore him a male heir, Edward VI.


In 1558, Elizabeth became queen. It was during his reign that the English Renaissance reached its highest point. The reign of Elizabeth was a period of great political significance for England which give a sense of stability to the country. Elizabeth surrounded herself with smart advisers who became part of his privacy council made up of about 20 members. In 1570 Pope Pius V excommunicated Elizabeth and pushed Catholics to lay down. This led to the suppression of many conspiracies against her. Elizabeth's reign coincided with the start of the British Empire, was in part the support of Elizabeth to the marine that brought England to become one of the most powerful nations in Europe. The Spain was one of the main rivals and its main military success was the victory of the English fleet against the Spanish Armada in 1588. There was also the exploration of new lands, the most famous explorers were Sir Francis Drake who circumnavigated the globe and Sir Walter Raleigh who brought in England tobacco and potatoes by America.A despite of enormous pressure, Elizabeth never married and was also known as the virgin queen. She used her chastity as a political weapon to maintain the stability of the country. With his charisma, Elizabeth captured the imagination of many poets and writers; a famous example is that of the epic poet Edmund Spenser with "The Faerie Queene" which was in part an attempt to flatter Elizabeth and see it as the leader of a riformale empire. The most influential figure to create this vision was John Dee. In one of his works he affirmed a strong naval power to defend the country. Elizabeth was regarded as the center around which everything revolved. The medieval Ptolemaic theory was that the earth was the center of the universe around which turned the sun and all other planets. The revolutionary discoveries of Copernicus were considered subversive and even the church considered them heretical. The Elizabethan astronomy was dominated and limited by their notion of social hierarchy and natural in all things. The educated Elizabethan gathered in the private rooms to discuss the theories that could'nt be allowed in public, while the writers were careful to conceal subversive ideas within an accepted moral structure.


P.s: può sembrare uguale al precedente ma ho modificato la grammatica e la forma stilistica

sweetdia
sweetdia - Genius - 2507 Punti
Salva

The reform that it happened in the first half of the sixteenth century, had the effect of reducing the international power of the chies of Rome. Germany led by Martin Luther who gave birth to the Protestant church. The England became Protestant and traditional elements of Catholic thought were put in question. The difference between the Protestants and Catholics concerned the relationship between Church and State. Luther accepted the power of the king over the church, therefore, the king became more powerful. This meant that the Protestant church was weaker politically. Henry VII was eager to have a male heir, but his wife of twenty years gave birth a daughter, Mary. Enrico decided to divorce his wife and marry another woman but came into conflict with the Catholic church and the Pope Clement VII excommunicated him. Henry took a step that had to affect every aspect of British life, that approved the act of supremacy and declared himself head of the Anglican church. The writer, scholar Thomas More refused to recognize the act of supremacy, and for this reason he was accused of treason and was beheaded. With Anne Boleyn, Henry VII had another daughter, Elizabeth. In 1536 Anne Boleyn was killed and the king married again 4 times. Only his third wife bore him a male heir Edward VI

In 1558, Elizabeth became queen. It was during his reign that the English Renaissance reached its highest point. The reign of Elizabeth was a period of great political significance for england giving a sense of stability to the country. Elizabeth surrounded himself with smart advisers who became part of his privy council made up of about 20 members. In 1570 Pope Pius V excommunicated Elizabeth and pushed Catholics to lay it down. This led to the suppression of many conspiracies against her. Elizabeth's reign coincided with the start of the British Empire, was in part the support of Elizabeth to the marina that brought England to become one of the most powerful nations in Europe. The cake was one of the main rivals and its main military success was the victory of the English fleet against the Spanish Armada in 1588. There was also the exploration of new lands, the most famous explorers were Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe and Sir Walter Raleigh who brought in england tobacco and potatoes dall'america.A despite dell'ernome pressure, Elizabeth never married and never was known as the virgin queen. She used her chastity as a political weapon to maintain the stability of the country. With his charisma, Elizabeth captured the imagination of many poets and writers, a famous example is that the epic poet Edmund Spenser The Faerie Queene was in part an attempt to flatter Elizabeth and see it as the leader of a riformale empire. The most influential figure to create this vision was John Dee. In one of his works he affirmed a strong naval power to defend the country. Elizabeth was regarded as the center around which everything revolved. The medieval Ptolemaic theory was that the earth was the center of the universe around which turned the sun and all other planets. The revolutionary discoveries of Copernicus were considered to be subversive and even the church considered them heretical. The Elizabethan astronomy was dominated and limited by their notion of social gerarghia and natural in all things. The educated Elizabethan gathered in the private rooms to discuss the theories that could not be allowed in public, while the writers were careful to conceal subversive ideas within an accepted moral structure.

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