• Inglese
  • consequences of the Industrial Revolution

    closed post
Demostene
Demostene - Habilis - 290 Punti
Salva

potete per favore aiutarmi a cambiare un po' le parole del testo ma che comunque il senso rimanga lo stesso?? è importante perchè mi serve per l'interrogazione di domani! vi prego è urgentissimo! grazie in anticipo

Consequences of the Industrial Revolution
Working and living conditions. New machines, both in agricolture and industry, meant a drastic reduction in the number of people employed: unemployment ran very high, many people had to leave their native places to look for work and were reduced to starving. the increase in production called for more wprkers: masses of labourers, badly-paid, badly-fed and badly-clothed, worked in the factories for up to sixteen hours a day, in appalling conditions of hygiene and safety. Women were paid less than man, and children were paid even less. Children were especially used for work in mines where their size meant hey could crawl trough very small tunnel. Workers lived in over-crowded slums which lacked the most elementary sanitation, where alcoholism and illnesses were common and the death rate was high. The first damning criticism of industrialism and capitalism began to appear, together with proposals for a radical change in society that would abolish class differences and redistribuite wealth. in 1824 the first Trade Unions were founded. in about 1830 a new word entered the political language: Socialism. in Britain, the fist socialism reform was proposed by an industrialist, Robert Owen, who improved working and living conditions for his workers and their families in his factories at New Lanark, Scotland.
Humanitarian movements. there was a new concern for social problems such as a child-labour and the conditions of the poor and prisoners. Children began to be considered as real human beings, not just as undeveloped adults, and their rights were finally recognized in a society where child-beating and the emploitation of children at work were very common. This new consideration was reflected in the central role held by the child in Romantic poetry.
Tehe emancipation of women. in certain respects, women were less free in the early 19th century than they had been in the 18th. Many of them now worked with men in workshops and factories, but they were subject to discrimination (worse jobs and wages) and also had towork at home. Even elementary schooling was thought to be superfluous for women, let alone higher education. Women in the higher classes also enjoyed less freedom because of the rigid code of sexual and social behaviour gradually imposed by the bourgeoisie. Towards the end of the 18th century women began to demand emancipation, or equal rigths with men: Mary Wollstonecraft was a pioneer in this field, with her "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman".
Social reforms. After the death of George IV and the accession of his brother, William IV a Reform Bill was passed in 1832, which eliminated 150 so-called "rotten-boroughs" (old electoral districts). The right to vote was also extended to much of the male middle class, but the Reform Bill did not make Britain a democracy in our sense of the word: half the middle class, nealy all the working class, and women had no franchise (right tovote). Other important refors were:
- the Factory Acts, forbidding the employment of children under nine and generally improving working conditions;
- the abolition of slavery and slave trade in the British colonies as a result of a long campaign by William Wilberforce;
- a new system of national education influenced by liberal theories.

Suzy90
Suzy90 - Moderatore - 9412 Punti
Salva
Ciao!
questa volta prova tu a proporre una tua soluzione ;) Ti do una mano con il primo pezzo:
"The new machines took the place of the human's work and so a lot of people became unemployed. People who wanted to work had to move to the cities and started to work in the factories. A new class of workers was born, badly-paid and badly-fed, who worked in very bad and dangerous conditions. The Trade Unions founded in 1824 tried to protect the rights of the workers and to improve their work conditions".
:hi!
Demostene
Demostene - Habilis - 290 Punti
Salva
io avevo chiesto non proprio un riassunto ma appunto di dire ciò con altre parole!
comunque grazie lo stesso! :D
Questo topic è bloccato, non sono ammesse altre risposte.
Come guadagno Punti nel Forum? Leggi la guida completa
In evidenza
Classifica Mensile
Vincitori di agosto
Vincitori di agosto

Come partecipare? | Classifica Community

Community Live

Partecipa alla Community e scala la classifica

Vai al Forum | Invia appunti | Vai alla classifica

Pinchbeck

Pinchbeck Moderatore 5115 Punti

VIP
Registrati via email