shineonmehoran
shineonmehoran - Sapiens - 314 Punti
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aiuto urgente!
Here are two of the best-known poems in this collection, both called "The Chimney Sweeper".One appears in Songs of Innocence, the other in Songs of Experience. The background to these poems is one of the many social problems that existed in Blake's time—the use of young children as chimney sweeps. Children were often sold at the age of seven to work as chimney sweeps. They were badly treated, with never enough clothes, food or housing. They were placed in constant danger of suffocating or burning, and the soot caused cancer and otherserious illnesses that resulted in painful and early deaths.

"The Chimney Sweeper" (from Songs of Innocence)

When my mother died I was very young,
And my father sold me while yet my tongue
Could scarcely cry "weep! 'weep! 'weep! 'weep!"
So your chimneys I sweep and in soot I sleep.
There's little Tom Dacre, who cried when his head,
That curled like a lamb's back, was shav'd, so I said,
"Hush, Tom! never mind it, for when your head's bare,
You know that the soot cannot spoil your white hair."
And so he was quiet; and that very night,
As Tom was a-sleeping, he had such a sight!
That thousands of sweepers, Dick, Joe, Ned, and Jack,
Were all of them lock’d up in coffins of black.
And by came an Angel who had a bright key,
And he open’d the coffins and set them all free;
Then down a green plain, leaping, laughing, they run,
And wash in a river, and shine in the Sun.
Then naked and white, all their bags left behind,
They rise upon clouds, and sport in the wind;
And the Angel told Tom, if he'd be a good boy,
He'd have God for his father, and never want joy.
And so Tom awoke; and we rose in the dark,
And got with our bags and our brushes to work.
Tho’ the morning was cold, Tom was happy and warm;
So if all do their duty, they need not fear harm.

"The Chimney Sweeper" (from Songs of Experience)

A little black thing among the snow,
Crying "'weep! 'weep!" in notes of woe!
"Where are thy father and mother? say?"
"They are both gone up to the church to pray.
Because I was happy upon the heath,
And smil’d among the winter's snow,
They clothed me in the clothes of death,
And taught me to sing the notes of woe.
"And because I am happy and dance and sing,
They think they have done me no injury,
And are gone to praise God and his Priest and King,
Who make up a heaven of our misery."

1. Child labour
Why were children employed as chimney sweeps? Because of their small size? Because they were too young to realise how dangerous it was? Because they could be paid less than adults? Because they were afraid to say no?
Children are no longer used as chimney sweeps in England, but in many parts of the world they are still used to do dangerous and badly paid work. What is your opinion about child labour? How old should a child be before it can start to work? Is there any kind of work that would be suitable for small children? Or should children never have to work for money? Who do you think is responsible for child labour in the world today? The children's parents? The people who employ the children? The government of the country where they
live? Someone else?

2. Different personalities
Are there any differences in the way the boy in these two poems thinks and feels? If yes,what are they, and can you explain any possible reasons for these differences?

GRAZIE IN ANTICIPO :hi
Suzy90
Suzy90 - Moderatore - 9414 Punti
Salva
Ciao!
essendo le domande per lo più legate alle tue opinioni personali, dovresti provare a scrivere qualcosa tu (anche in italiano, noi poi ti aiutiamo con la traduzione!;) ) In ogni caso, qui ci sono dei link in inglese sul lavoro minorile, vedi se riesci a trovare qualche ispirazione: http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_4600000/newsid_4603400/4603455.stm
http://my.englishclub.com/forum/topics/child-labor-what-is-your-opinion
Per quanto riguarda la seconda domanda, ti segnalo questa risposta:
""The Chimney Sweeper", in Songs of Experience is very dark and pessimistic. This poem also seems to be very judgmental and gives motives for everything, but unlike Song of Innocence, the sweeper in this poem does not free himself from his misery.

In the first two lines, Blake gives us an image of an anguished child in a state of agony or even in a state of corruption. The color black seems to be very important because it is used to represent sin against innocence, the color of the white snow. Blake also shows the same child weeping, when he really means to say sweeping, because that is what has that child in such grief. This stanza ends by someone asking him about his parents, which later end up being responsible for this child’s state.

In the second stanza, the child is pictured in a very more happier and playful mood. This soon changes when he decides to tell the stranger more about his parents. They are showed to be punishing their child for being so happy by "clothing in clothes of death and teaching him to sing notes of woe." It is very obvious the sweeper’s feels hate towards his parents for putting him in such sadness, but instead he chooses to hide it by making himself look happy and satisfied.

It is clear in the last Stanza that Blake’s criticizing the Church , especially, and the state for letting a lot of these things happen. During this time many children were dying from being, either, worked to death or from malnutrition. Neither the state or the church did anything to stop this and is obviously why Blake feels so much anger towards them. The sweeper’s parents are really no help towards their own child. This makes the reader wonder, if they are worshipping god, the source of good doings, why do they chose to ignore their own child. They would rather turn their heads the other way and instead findlove at church. " (fonte: https://it.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090920094749AAPshwa)
:)
Questo topic è bloccato, non sono ammesse altre risposte.
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