Oscar Wilde

Oscar wilde became very famous for his irony, attitude and poses. In particular for his superior way to dress, to speak and to think about his individualism, he was considered a rebel and a “dandy” in the Victorian society where he lived. In agreement with the famous sentence “ arts for art’s Sake”, Wilde was more interested in the worship of pleasure , believing that the only purpose of the art was the art in itself and no more else. So art could be seen as a cult of the beauty and a way to escape from the murder of a man’s soul.
That is because art is considered eternal and able to survive on people and at the same time the beauty. For this reason Wilde writes only for personal pleasure, refusing any didactic role: this attitude and this superiority to the materialistic world, at the end, made him an outcast. The novel “The picture of Dorian Gray” is a clear example of the hypocrisy inside the Victorian society and a confirm of his principles about the eternity of the art : the young Dorian ,with his false good-looking appearance, represents the bourgeois hypocrisy, the hidden picture, which reflects his real corrupted nature, is the symbol of immorality. But ,at the end, it confirms its superiority because while the young dies cruelly as a punishment, it restores its original beauty and survives on him. The style use in this work is typical of a drama: the setting is vividly described, characters’ nature arises from their words and actions and the narration is made by a third –person narrator. He will write also plays like “The importance of being Ernest” where once again Wilde makes a social satire against Victorian people. Through witty dialogues, amusing puns, customs, hidden secrets he shows how the society in reality is not so moral as it pretends to be.

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