The Victorian age
The Victorian age cover a long period from 1837 to 1901. The word “Victorian” derives from Queen Victoria who ruled for more than half a century, and became the symbol of the nation.
It is a very complex period, because of great contrast in society, highly influenced by the effects of the industrial revolution.
The contrasts of period
The dichotomy richness - poverty
Stability - unrest
Spiritualism - materialism
Social reforms - social injustice
Whigs - Tories (on the political side).
The Victorian values
* hard work,
A respectably person behave according to a social code and in this society woman is submissive to man (the wife obeys her husband). Fallen women were persecuted by their society because sexuality was generally repressed.
The most important social reforms
1832 - THE FIRST REFORM ACT
1833 - THE FACTORY ACT
1862 - THE MINES ACT
1870 - THE ELEMENTARY EDUCAN ACT
1875 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH ACT
1884 - THE THIRD REFORM ACT