For the first time there was a communion of interests between readers and writers, probably because in that period, literature grew a lot. Novels became the most popular form of literature and the novelist had both a social and moral responsibility: they had to draw and reflect the social changes.
The Victorian novel can be divided in three groups:
1) Early Victorian novel (Charles dickens) dealt with social themes;
2) Mid-Victorian novel (Bronte sisters) dealt with psychological themes;
3)Late-Victorian novel (Wilde) was nearer to European Naturalism.
Victorian novels had common features:
- The omniscient narrator who commented the plot;
- The city as the set of the novels
- The long and complex plot;
- The deep analysis of the character;
- The punishment and the moral in the final chapter.