George Orwell (1903-1950)
Life and ideas in his works:
Orwell was born in India in 1903. Then he moved to England to study, here start to professed atheism and socialism refusing English values.
Orwell led together with the activity of journalist and critic, the one of writer. His literary production is determined by his politic visions.
Like many intellectuals, Orwell went to fight on the republican side (POUM) during the Spanish Civil War, where grown in him an anti-stalinism and anti-revolutionary vision.
Animal farm (1945)
He’s anti-revolutionary nature came to the surface in his political fable Animal Farm, a satire of the Russian Revolution.
The plot and the soviet allegory:
The story is set in an imaginary farm, where animals rebel against humans, and run the farm themselves – an allegory of workers running farms and factories in the soviet union – but in a short time a new emerging class, the pigs, who were the driving force of the revolution, took the control over all the other animals and started a tyranny based on corruption like in men's society. The leader of the new society is Napoleon an allegory of Stalin.
This novel is a study about revolutions, he concluded that all of the revolutions changes into dictatorship.
Style and language:
Animal farm is very simple in lexical and syntactic terms as to be accessible to a children readers.
The novel describes a future world in which a tyrannical power headed by the dictator Big Brother that controls man's actions and thoughts through propaganda, secrecy, constant surveillance, and punishment for dissidents. The plot of the book is based on the revolt against this society by , Winston Smith that after fighting is captured and tortured. At the end, the brainwashing led him to love The Big Brother.
Orwell combined various genres and style in an original way, uniting realism and satire.
1984 is an anti-utopian novel because presents a possible future societies that are anything but ideal.
The party decided to introduce a new language, Newspeak, formed by a limited lexis that make it impossible to use by the population in order by prevent people to express their own ideas.