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Inghilterra - Industrial revolution

George III reigned from 1760 till 1820. In the first forty years of his reign several events marked a turning point in the life of the country. These events determined the First Industrial Revolution. In the second half of the 18th century the invention of new machinery and its introduction into factories actually overthrew the old working techniques and transformed a whole way of life. The most important inventions were the spinning jenny, the water-frame, the mule, the power loom. These inventions destroyed the old domestic weaving and spinning systems and introduced the methods of factory production. The employment of steam power made the use of coal necessary, and manufacture gravitated towards the iron and coal mines of Yorkshire, Lancashire and South Wales; consequently workers migrated with their families to the new manufacturing areas. Transport became easier with the new railways, roods and canals.

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