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The romance age

Romanticism started in 1798 with a pubblication of a collection of poems called "Lyrical Ballad" written by Wordsworth and Coleridge.
Wordsworth use a very simple language and he wrote about nature. He had a phantheistic vison of nature and God was everywere.
Mr. Coleridge called about supernatural and he used an archaic language.
The two tipical poems of the Romanticism were sonnet and ballad:

The Sonnet
A sonnet is a poem of 14 lines[
Type of sonnets:
- Petrarchan sonnet: 2 quatrains+ 2 tercets;
- Shakespirian or Elizabethan sonnet: 3 quatrains+ 1 riming couplet.
The rhymes could be:
- Alternate rhyme:
A
B
A
B
- Rhyme in pairs:

A
A
B
B
- Terza rima:
A
B
A

B
C
B

C
D
C
- Free verse: completly free: no rhyme, no metre;
- Blank verse: There is no rhyme, but the metre is "iambic pentameter"= 10 syllables divided into 5 feet (1 foot = 2 syllables).

The ballad
]A ballad is a poem originally written to be sung.
The ballad has:
- Archaic language;
- 4-line stanzas;
- A refrain: repetition of the same lines.

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