THE PURITANSPuritanism was a movement that arose in England in second half of 16th century intending to go over the religious Elizabethan compromise. In Puritanism we find a lot of variety of beliefs. First at all, they rejected the power of official Church authorities except that of the Bible “the pure word of God”. Secondly, puritans believed that the voice of God spoke in each man’s individual conscience and that no intermediary should interfere. Thirdly, they claimed sobriety of vestments worn by priest in virtue of austere life. Lastly, they began to consider any sort of entertainment as a vanity which distracted people from spiritual dimension. Even if Puritanism failed as movement , indirectly influenced strongly both by religious viewpoint and literary contest, as some critics sustain for example in Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe in which could be described as a “puritan hero”. It’s important to say moreover that the word “puritans” does not identify only the movement of 16th century but also other movements such as separatist, Quakers, nonconformists for their values similar to Puritanism.