Daniel Defoe is probably born in September 1660 in London. His parents are Puritans and didn't accept the authority of the Church so they didn't register his son's birth. His original name was Daniel Foe, but later he change it in Daniel Defoe because, in his opinion it was more fashionable. He attended Newton Green Academy where he got a solid education and, after that, he went into trade and travelled in Europe.
Back in England he got married but he also went to bankrupt so he turned to writing to earn money. Defoe wrote many treatises on commercial, economical and political subjects and as a result of some of the opinions that he expressed, he was arrested and had to spend time in prison. Then, the leader of the Tory party offered him a job as a secret agent for the government and also helped him to set up his own journal "The Review" on the condition that, in his writing he wouldn't attack the government.
He died in 1731.
Robinson Crusoe, born in York, decides to go to sea despite his father's opposition. For several years he has an adventurous life: he is taken prisoner by Moor in Africa, he becomes a planter in Brazil and also a slave trader. During one of his sea trips he is shipwrecked on a desert island in the South America and he is the only survivor. Little by little he manages to build himself a house and he learns how to cultivate and go hunting. From the wreck he saved paper, pen and ink, with which he keeps a diary of his life on the island, and a Bible, that he reads every day.
During a trip exploration on the side of the island opposite the one in which he lives, Robinson mets a group of cannibal who are going to kill another Indian and using his gun , he saves the prisoner. Then he gives him the name Friday, because it was in Friday that he was saved, and tried to civilize him.
After twenty-eight years on the island an English ship save Robinson and takes him home.